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Unit 5 – Chapter 14 The Physical Geography of Russia.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 5 – Chapter 14 The Physical Geography of Russia."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 5 – Chapter 14 The Physical Geography of Russia

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3 I. Section I The Land

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5 A. A Vast and Varied Land  Russia is the world’s largest country Covers 6.6 million sq. miles Stretches over two continents-- What major land feature divides the continents? Spans 11 time zones

6  Mountains and Plateaus Ural Mountains Caucasus Mountains  Mount Elbrus – extinct volcano – highest point Central Siberian Plateau Mt. Elbrus

7 Ural Mountains: “The Great Divide” Divides the European and Asian sections of Russia miles

8 The Ural Mountains

9 A. (cont)  Plains Areas North European Plain  Chernozem – rich black soil  About 75% of Russia’s population lives here West Siberian Plain

10 Coasts, Seas, and Lakes Longest coastline in the world Caspian Sea – largest inland sea in the world (salt water) Lake Baikal – deepest freshwater lake in the world Contains about 20% of the earth’s total supply of freshwater Lake Baikal

11 B. Rivers  The Volga River (“Mother Volga”) Vital to Russia (transportation, hydroelectric power) Frozen ½ of the year Provides 33% of Russia’s usable water  Very polluted

12 The Volga River The river is so polluted that the sturgeon catch has been decreased by 60%. The river is so polluted that the sturgeon catch has been decreased by 60%.

13  Siberian Rivers Ob, Irtysh, Yenisey, & Lena  Flow north to the Arctic Ocean Amur  Flows eastward Lena River

14 C. Natural Resources  Minerals & Energy Russia has a huge reserve of mineral resources  Petroleum  Coal  Natural Gas  Nickel  Aluminum, gemstones  Hydroelectric Power – leader in the world

15 -Soil and Forest Land 10% land – agriculture – permafrost Black Earth Belt 1/5 of remaining world forests in Russia – Siberia 2 nd to the Amazon for oxygen returned to atmosphere -Russia’s Fishing Industry Fish important to Russian diet & economy

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17 II. Section II Climate & Vegetation

18 Former Soviet Region Compared in Latitude & Area with the United States

19 A. Russia’s Climates & Vegetation  Most of Russia is characterized by a harsh climate of long, cold winters and short, relatively cool summers. Coldest winter temps. = E. Siberia

20 B. High Latitudes Climates  Tundra – vast treeless plain Almost all of the places with this climate lie north of the Arctic Circle About 10% of Russia  Subarctic Dominate climate region Some of the world’s coldest temperatures occur there For days a year, snow covers the ground Taiga – forest belt  Living in a Cold Climate What adjustments would you have to make?

21 Siberia --> Permafrost Average temperatures of January vary from 0 to -50°, and in July from 1 to 25°C 150,000,000 population. A former “gulag” Soviet prison camp.

22 C. Mid-Latitude Climates  Humid Continental Most of Russia’s N. European Plain  War & Winter Cold winters have played a key role in wars (pg ) German POWs at Stalingrad Napoleon's Retreat from Moscow

23 Steppe Small area Temperate grassland area

24 Steppes: “Soviet” Breadbasket

25 The Steppes 25% of the old Soviet Union’s food supply. 25% of the old Soviet Union’s food supply.

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