Presentation on theme: "Unit 5 – Chapter 14 The Physical Geography of Russia."— Presentation transcript:
Unit 5 – Chapter 14 The Physical Geography of Russia
I. Section I The Land
A. A Vast and Varied Land Russia is the world’s largest country Covers 6.6 million sq. miles Stretches over two continents-- What major land feature divides the continents? Spans 11 time zones
Mountains and Plateaus Ural Mountains Caucasus Mountains Mount Elbrus – extinct volcano – highest point Central Siberian Plateau Mt. Elbrus
Ural Mountains: “The Great Divide” Divides the European and Asian sections of Russia miles
The Ural Mountains
A. (cont) Plains Areas North European Plain Chernozem – rich black soil About 75% of Russia’s population lives here West Siberian Plain
Coasts, Seas, and Lakes Longest coastline in the world Caspian Sea – largest inland sea in the world (salt water) Lake Baikal – deepest freshwater lake in the world Contains about 20% of the earth’s total supply of freshwater Lake Baikal
B. Rivers The Volga River (“Mother Volga”) Vital to Russia (transportation, hydroelectric power) Frozen ½ of the year Provides 33% of Russia’s usable water Very polluted
The Volga River The river is so polluted that the sturgeon catch has been decreased by 60%. The river is so polluted that the sturgeon catch has been decreased by 60%.
Siberian Rivers Ob, Irtysh, Yenisey, & Lena Flow north to the Arctic Ocean Amur Flows eastward Lena River
C. Natural Resources Minerals & Energy Russia has a huge reserve of mineral resources Petroleum Coal Natural Gas Nickel Aluminum, gemstones Hydroelectric Power – leader in the world
-Soil and Forest Land 10% land – agriculture – permafrost Black Earth Belt 1/5 of remaining world forests in Russia – Siberia 2 nd to the Amazon for oxygen returned to atmosphere -Russia’s Fishing Industry Fish important to Russian diet & economy
II. Section II Climate & Vegetation
Former Soviet Region Compared in Latitude & Area with the United States
A. Russia’s Climates & Vegetation Most of Russia is characterized by a harsh climate of long, cold winters and short, relatively cool summers. Coldest winter temps. = E. Siberia
B. High Latitudes Climates Tundra – vast treeless plain Almost all of the places with this climate lie north of the Arctic Circle About 10% of Russia Subarctic Dominate climate region Some of the world’s coldest temperatures occur there For days a year, snow covers the ground Taiga – forest belt Living in a Cold Climate What adjustments would you have to make?
Siberia --> Permafrost Average temperatures of January vary from 0 to -50°, and in July from 1 to 25°C 150,000,000 population. A former “gulag” Soviet prison camp.
C. Mid-Latitude Climates Humid Continental Most of Russia’s N. European Plain War & Winter Cold winters have played a key role in wars (pg ) German POWs at Stalingrad Napoleon's Retreat from Moscow
Steppe Small area Temperate grassland area
Steppes: “Soviet” Breadbasket
The Steppes 25% of the old Soviet Union’s food supply. 25% of the old Soviet Union’s food supply.