Presentation on theme: "Al Qaeda By Minhae Park. Who/What is Al-Qaeda Al Qaeda is one of the worlds most wanted terrorist group. Meaning base in Arabic, this group was founded."— Presentation transcript:
Al Qaeda By Minhae Park
Who/What is Al-Qaeda Al Qaeda is one of the worlds most wanted terrorist group. Meaning base in Arabic, this group was founded by Osama bin Laden in the late 1980s. bin Laden and Palestinian religious scholar Abdullah Azzam recruited, trained, and financed thousands of foreign holy warriors from more than fifty countries. He wanted them to go to war with non-Muslims who were living in the Muslim holy places. Like this, Al Qaeda was formed. After bin Ladens death, Egyptian Dr. Ayman al-Zawahiri was elected as leader. Goals: Al Qaeda believes that Islam should be the supreme religion. They want countries that dont follow Islamic laws to be overthrown, and that all foreign troops in Saudi Arabia should leave. The group also believes that Israel shouldnt exist, and that its the duty of Muslims to kill all U.S citizens.
Al Qaedas Size and Members No one knows the size of Al-Qaeda because its so secretive. Experts from the Council on Foreign Relations estimate between several hundred to several thousands. Timothy Noah (reporter from the Slate News) said that of 2009, there were only 200~300 members.The small number has helped keep Al-Qaeda hard to find and catch.
Leaders of Al Qaeda Osama bin Laden Birth date: March 10, 1957 Death: May 2, 2011 Born: Saudi Arabia (exiled in 1994) Bin Laden was born from a billionaire father and 17 th out of his 50 siblings. After his father died, his mother married another man, and he lived with them. Due to his fortune, he went to an elite school. He went to university where he was remembered to be very enthusiastic about religious debates and activities. Influences: Bin Laden was greatly influenced by an Al Thagher (part of the Muslim Brotherhood, though violence was necessary to get Islamic government) teacher who taught extra-curricular Islam lessons. Ayman Al Zawahiri Birth date: June 19, 1951 Born: Egypt Al-Zawahiri's family was connected to the Al Azhar University (which was one of the most important religious institutions in the Islamic world). His family was religious but not outrageously so. He lived in a upper middle class neighbourhood, but lived modestly. In 1979, al-Zawahiri created the Egyptian Islamic Jihad, wanting to overthrow the Egyptian government (later assassinated the president). Influences: He was raised in an era where Islam was considered a political system.
Other Leaders, Multiple Bases, & Economical Sources Al-Zawahiri is the leader of Al Qaeda, but Al Qaeda has several branches. Each branch has an appointed leader. Not only that, but there are specialists in a certain area (ex: chemist, military specialists, etc…). Its estimated that Al-Qaeda has bases in 100 countries, such as in the: UK, US, Italy, France, and others. They often are in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Al-Qaeda also has several branches. This allows them to operate even if one base is severally attacked. Osama bin Ladens fortune supplies Al Qaeda with its needs. Not only that, but the organization also asks for donations, and illegally takes funds from Muslim charitable organizations. Not only that, but when you have to join Al Qaeda, you need to pay a certain amount.
Targets + Methods Al Qaeda has named these as their targets/what they believe should go: 1.The United Nations 2.Arab rulers 3.Multinational corporations 4.The Internet 5.International News and satellite media 6.International relief organizations. They believe that they are covers for spying, changing religion, attempted coups, and weapons transfers. Some activities they did: 1.Bombed US embassies in August 1998 in Nairobi, Kenya, Dar as Salaam, Tanzania (killed at least 301 people and 5000 injured). 2.Bombed the USS Cole in Aden, October Conducted three bombings that targeted US troops in Aden, Yemen in Also bombed the World Trade Center and the Twin Towers.
Ib Learner Profile- Thinkers and Risk Taker I think Al Qaeda is a thinker and a risk taker. They are thinkers because they think of the attacks they will do, how to keep hidden, how to earn money, and many more that keeps their organization working and hidden. They are also risk takers because they arent afraid of dieing if it comes to completing their goals and visions.
Works Cited 1.Al-Qaeda Flag. N.d. Photograph. Opinion MakerWeb. 7 Dec
Works Cited (2) 17. Mr. Dooley 18. Hellman, Christopher, and Reyko Huang. "List of Known Terrorist Organizations." CENTER FOR DEFENSE INFORMATION n.pag. Center for Defense Information. Web. 12 Jan