Presentation on theme: "8th Grade Social Studies U. S. Current Issues Ch"— Presentation transcript:
18th Grade Social Studies U. S. Current Issues Ch 8th Grade Social Studies U.S. Current Issues Ch. 34-Terrorism Osama bin Laden & Al Qaeda
2Al Qaeda & Osama bin Laden Osama bin Laden was born in the year of 1957 in the country of Saudi ArabiaHis father was of Yemen decent and was a very successful businessmen who owned a construction company
3bin Ladens education Bin Laden was raised as a devout Sunni Muslim He attended and graduated from King Abdul Aziz University in Jeddah, Saudi ArabiaAccording to most reports, he received a degree in business and economics, while other reports have him obtaining a degree in civil engineering
4Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan In the year of 1979, the Soviet Union invaded the country of AfghanistanThe Soviets wished to expand their influence in AsiaThe Soviets were enemies with the U.S. at this time“The Cold War”
5Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan People of Afghanistan and other Muslims did not like the fact that atheists of the Soviet Union were trying to take over their countryMuslims from other “Muslim countries” thought it was their duty to go to Afghanistan and help defend this “Muslim nation”
6Soviet Invasion (cont.) Osama bin Laden was one of those Muslims who felt it was his duty to go and defend this “Muslim nation”Bin Laden also donated money, construction equipment and many other things including medical care to those in Afghanistan
7U.S. Aid to AfghanistanDuring the Soviet/Afghan war, it is believed that the United States donated about three billion dollars to the Afghanistan war effort against the Soviet Union.The United States also donated weapons to the mujahedin fighters during this time as well
8U.S. Aid to Afghanistan122 mm rocket launchers and SAM 7 (surface to air missiles) were given to the mujahedin fighters in Afghanistan
9Soviet Withdrawal from Afghanistan Members of the Soviet Union’s “Red Army” pulled out of Afghanistan on February 15th of 1989This is commonly referred to as “The Vietnam War” for the Soviet UnionAlmost 15,000 Soviets were killed and close to about fifty thousand were wounded
14U.S. Boycott of OlympicsDue to the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan, U.S. President Jimmy Carter ordered that U.S. athletes would not be participating in the Olympics that would be held in Moscow, Soviet Union
15Origin of Al QaedaMany of those who participated in the war against the Soviet Union would eventually become members of Al Qaeda.These soldiers were commonly referred to as mujahedin or “holy warriors”.Al Qaeda was formed in or around the year of
16Al Qaeda Al Qaeda stands for “the Base”. It is a database of some of those who participated in the war against the Soviet Union.
18Al Qaeda Goals & Objectives End foreign (American) influence in Muslim countriesEstablish an Islamic state
19Iraq Invasion of Kuwait On August 2nd of 1990, Iraq invaded the country of KuwaitThe leader of Iraq was Saddam HusseinIf Iraq kept control of Kuwait, Saddam Hussein would have controlled about 24% of the oil reserves in the world
20Bin Laden and the Saudi’s After Iraq had invaded Kuwait, the Saudi government felt that they would possibly be the next country to be invaded by Iraq, due to their large supply of oil.Saudi government approached the U.S. about repelling Saddam Hussein and the Iraq forces from Kuwait. The U.S. would then have a military presence in Saudi Arabia after that.
21Bin Laden and the Saudi’s Bin Laden lobbied to the Saudi government that the mujahedin forces that had defeated that Soviets would come to Saudi Arabia and protect the Holy Land.Saudi officials decided that the U.S. would be the ones to expel Iraq from Kuwait and protect the Holy Land from Iraq.
22President George H.W. Bush President George H.W. Bush sent for about 500,000 U.S. troops to be deployed to Saudi Arabia to oust Saddam Hussein from KuwaitThe first major conflict involving the United States since Vietnam.
23Bin Laden/Saudi relations Bin Laden was very critical of this decision by the Saudi government and referred to the Saudi government as “phony Muslims”It was at this time that bin Laden also claimed that the Saudi’s and others like the Egyptians were “US puppets”He claimed that it is the duty of all Muslims to drive the US out of the Gulf States
24Bin Laden on the U.S.Bin Laden claimed that the United States would only come to the Saudi Arabia because of its economic interest in oil and also because we would like to maintain a military presence in the Middle East to protect one of our allies, Israel
25Operation Desert Storm The United States troops drove Saddam Hussein and his forces out of the country of Kuwait very quickly.U.S. forces began returning home by March 8, 1991, less than two months after the war began.However, we did maintain a military presence in Saudi Arabia
271993 Bombing of the WTCOn February 26th, 1993 a car bomb exploded in the parking garage of the WTCThe mastermind of the attack was a man named Ramsi Yousef, who was later linked to Osama bin LadenSix people were killed and hundreds were wounded
281993 Bombing of WTCAccording to many sources, Yousef’s goal was to have the World Trade Center that was bombed fall into the other WTC, killing over 250,000 peopleMany sources also claim that Yousef wanted to use chemicals weapons but was unable to due to finances
32Battle of Mogadishu Took place on October 3rd, and 4th of 1993 Two Black Hawk helicopters were shot down during this battleEighteen U.S. Soldiers were killed during this battle and close to one hundred were woundedBin Laden would later admit that Al Qaeda members played a part in this battle and also compared the U.S. military to a “paper lion”.
36Eastern Embassy Bombings On August 7th, 1998 two car bombs went off at U.S. Embassies in Nairobi, Kenya and Dar es Salaam, TanzaniaThe blast in Nairobi killed 212 people while the blast in Tanzania killed 11.Al Qaeda was linked to both bombings
39Bombing of U.S.S ColeThe U.S.S. Cole bombing was a suicide bombing that took place on October 12, 2000.The U.S.S. Cole was refueling in the Port of Aden at the time (off the coast of Yemen)The suicide bombers were later linked to Osama bin LadenThe blast hit the ship’s galley where the troops were having lunch at the time