9/11 and Current Issues Cypress Woods High School
9/11 Quiz 1) How many planes were hijacked? 2) What country did the hijackers come from? 3) What group was responsible for the attacks? 4) Who was their leader? 5) What country are they based in?
Roots of Conflict Creation of State of Israel U.S. foreign policy in Iran, Iraq, and Afghanistan U.S. interest in the area
Iran – U.S. Hostage Crisis Americans were held hostage in Iran for 444 days (November 4, 1979-January 20, 1981) First taste of Islamic fundamentalism and the deep hatred for the U.S. foreign policy that exists among some radical Muslims
Al-Qaeda Osama Bin Laden had financed many of the Muslim “freedom fighters” that went to fight the Soviets in the 1980’s The organization that he was a part of has become Al Qaeda They targeted U.S. interests during the 1990’s
February 1993 - explosion at the WTC in New York City (6 killed) October 1993 – 10 U.S. soldiers killed in Somalia (East Africa) June 1996 – Truck bomb explodes outside a military complex in Saudi Arabia killing 19 U.S. servicemen and injuring hundreds of others August 1998 – bombing of U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania (East Africa) kills 224 including 12 Americans October 2000 – bombing of the USS Cole while it is in port in Yemen (Arabian Peninsula) 17 U.S. sailors killed
War on Terror - Afghanistan Oct 7, 2001- Present Goal: Invade Afghanistan to oust Taliban regime, capture bin Laden and eliminate al- Qaeda Operation Enduring Freedom
War on Terror – Iraq March 20, 2003- August 19, 2010 Goals: Look for WMD (weapons of mass destruction) Oust dictator Saddam Hussein Bring democracy to Iraq Controversy exists over reasons U.S. went to Iraq.
With the fall of Saddam Hussein, we had won the war. Our challenge today is to win the peace, bring democracy to a country that doesn’t have a democratic history and help the Iraqi people rule themselves.
5,800+ U.S. military killed 40,000+ U.S. military injured Iraqi and Afghan civilian and military deaths: Range from tens of thousands to hundreds of thousands (depends on survey used)