Presentation on theme: "1.I controlled many city and county governments through both legal and illegal means. What am I? 2. I was a group of laws passed to help people injured."— Presentation transcript:
1.I controlled many city and county governments through both legal and illegal means. What am I? 2. I was a group of laws passed to help people injured at their workplaces. What am I? 3. I was a group that worked for equal rights for African Americans. What am I? 4. I granted women the right to vote. What am I? 5. I founded a group that became the National Womans Party. Who am I? Review from Chapter 21: The Progressive Era
What we learned in the Progressive Era (1868-1920) Progressives reacted against political corruption and poor working conditions Progressives reacted against political corruption and poor working conditions New amendments to Constitution (16 th, 17 th, 18 th, 19 th ) New amendments to Constitution (16 th, 17 th, 18 th, 19 th ) Workers rights Workers rights Rights of women and minorities Rights of women and minorities
I left these shores, at Vancouver, a red-hot imperialist. I wanted the American eagle to go screaming into the Pacific. It seemed tiresome and tame for it to content itself with the Rockies. Why not spread its wings over the Philippines, I asked myself? And I thought it would be a real good thing to do. I said to myself, here are a people who have suffered for three centuries. We can make them as free as ourselves, give them a government and country of their own, put a miniature of the American constitution afloat in the Pacific, start a brand new republic to take its place among the free nations of the world. It seemed to me a great task to which we had addressed ourselves But I have thought some more, since then, and I have read carefully the treaty of Paris, and I have seen that we do not intend to free, but to overpower the people of the Philippines. We have gone there to conquer, not to redeem. We have also pledged the power of this country to maintain and protect the terrible system established in the Philippines by the Friars. It should, it seems to me, be our pleasure and duty to make those people free, and let them deal with their own domestic questions in their own way. And so I am an anti- imperialist. I am opposed to having the eagle put its talons on any other land. Source: From Mark Twain's Weapons of Satire: Anti-Imperialist Writings on the Philippine-American War, Jim Zwick, ed., (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1992). The Expansion of America: Support and Opposition
What we are going to learn about Isolationism vs. Imperialism Isolationism vs. Imperialism Changing US foreign policy Changing US foreign policy US expansion into the Pacific US expansion into the Pacific Spanish-American War Spanish-American War US expansion into Latin America US expansion into Latin America
Manifest Destiny The Monroe Doctrine George Washingtons Farewell Address AmericanIsolationism Def: avoiding involvement in the affairs of other countries
What is imperialism? -Def: the practice of extending a nations power by gaining territories for a colonial empire -Between 1870 and 1914, Europeans extended their colonial empires until they controlled most of Africa and Southeast Asia What were the roots of imperialism? -The desire for raw materials to fuel industrial growth, new markets for manufactured goods, and increased power
British Imperialism: -England had colonies all over the world: Canada, India, America, islands in the Caribbean, and territory in Australia -America is a result of British territorial expansion Examples of Imperialism: (from http://www.fresno.k12.ca.us/divdept/sscience/history/devilfish.jpg)
Examples of Imperialism: (from http://wfps.k12.mt.us/teachers/carmichaelg/new_pa1.jpg) The Scramble for Africa: -European powers sought to gain African territories in order to obtain natural resources (gold in particular) - Imperialism happens at the cost of the native population (from http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/imperialism/maps/africa1914.jpg)
The question of American Foreign Policy Isolationism?Imperialism? Intervention?
Do you think imperialism or isolationism is the best foreign policy for the U.S.? Explain your answer.