Presentation on theme: "America Claims An Empire Guiding Question: What motivated the U.S. to move from an isolationist foreign policy to become a global power at the end of the."— Presentation transcript:
America Claims An Empire Guiding Question: What motivated the U.S. to move from an isolationist foreign policy to become a global power at the end of the 19 th century?
What do you think this cartoon suggests about the United States? Cuba
Isolationist to Global Power ► In his 1796 Farewell Address, President Washington cautioned Americans to “steer clear of permanent alliances.” ► This warning became a theme of government policy for the next 100 years, but in the late 1800s, Americans began looking outward to the larger world.
Isolationist to Global Power What do you think caused the U.S. to become more involved in world affairs during this time after the Civil War? What do you think caused the U.S. to become more involved in world affairs during this time after the Civil War?
Vocabulary ► ISOLATIONISM: a policy of pulling away from involvement in world affairs
Vocabulary ► MONROE DOCTRINE: an 1823 warning to all outside powers not to interfere with Affairs in the Western Hemisphere.
Vocabulary ► NEUTRALITY: refusal to take part in a war between other nations
Vocabulary ► EXPANSIONISM: a nation's practice or policy of territorial or economic growth
Vocabulary ► IMPERIALISM: the policy in which stronger nations extend their economic, political or military control over weaker territories
Foreign Policy vs. Domestic Policy ► A country’s dealings with another country ► Outside the country ► Examples: Isolationism Expansionism Imperialism Neutrality ► Internal affairs or dealings of a country ► Within a country ► Examples: Progressive Reformers
► What does the eagle symbolize? ► What point does the cartoonist make in portraying this eagle with outstretched wings?
What motivated U.S. imperialism? 1. Political: Desire for Military Strength ► European imperialists had been competing for colonies around the world while the U.S. had remained focused on domestic affairs ► Seeing that other nations were establishing global military presence, US leaders pushed to build its own military strength
What motivated U.S. imperialism? 2. Economic: Thirst for New Markets ► Need raw materials for new factories during Industrial Age ► Overproduction of food/goods (technology allowed farmers to produce more food than Americans could consume) ► Influx of immigrants leads to unemployment and economic depression
What motivated U.S. imperialism? 3. Social: Cultural/Religious Superiority ► Social Darwinism Free market competition would lead to survival of the fittest Belief in racial superiority of Anglo Saxons ► “White Man’s Burden” US had responsibility to spread Christianity and “civilization” to world’s inferior people who couldn’t rule themselves Pears' Soap McClure's Magazine (Oct. 1899). The first step towards lightening the White Man's Burden is through teaching the virtues of cleanliness. Pears' Soap is a potent factor in brightening the dark corners of the earth as civilization advances, while amongst the cultured of all nations it holds the highest place -- it is the ideal toilet soap.
…Coming Tomorrow…The Spanish-American War… Cuba