2 ImperialismNations attempt to create empires by dominating weaker nationsEconomicallyPoliticallyCulturallyMilitarily
3 Why did imperialism grow in Europe at the end of the 1800s? Industrial growth: countries were looking for new markets to sell their products toNationalism: The believed in the superiority of their nationAdvances in military technology: bigger, better navies to protect their coloniesHumanitarian or religious goals: Belief in social Darwinism or spread Christianity
4 What affect did the growth of European Imperialism have on United States attitudes toward foreign policy and expansion?It created a sense of urgency for AmericansMany believed that the U.S. had to claim overseas territories in order to become a great nation
5 Monroe DoctrineDeclaration that the U.S. would oppose efforts by any outside power to control a nation in the Western Hemisphere
6 How did the United States apply the Monroe Doctrine to its foreign policy throughout the 1800s? To keep the Western Hemisphere free from intervention by European powersTo justify Manifest destiny as well as acquisition of overseas territories
7 Nationalism Devotion to one’s nation Led European nations to compete for empiresDesired to expand to prevent others from expandingLed nations to believe that their culture and ways of life were superior
8 Why did U.S. policymakers feel the need to secure new markets abroad? Foreign markets were seen as necessary to sell the nation’s extra productsUnsold products could create surpluses that could lead to panics and depression in the U.S.
9 Annex To join a new territory to an existing territory Supporters of expansion denied that the U.S. sought to annex foreign landsIt happened anyway
10 Banana RepublicTerm used to describe a Central American nation dominated by United States business interestsNamely the United Fruit company in Costa Rica, Guatemala, and Honduras
11 Why did some believe that U. S Why did some believe that U.S. expansion was needed to preserve the “American spirit”?They worried that the closing of the frontier would deplete the nation’s energy; a quest for an empire might restore America’s pioneer spirit
12 As this 1901 political cartoon suggests, the U. S As this 1901 political cartoon suggests, the U.S. relied on the principles of the Monroe Doctrine to block European involvement in Latin America. What is the cartoonist suggesting about the role of the U.S. in world affairs.