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WARM-UP On your handout, fill in the blanks with the Être verbs that fit. (Also fill in the blanks on the back.) e_____ s_____ t______ a______ v____ r.

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Presentation on theme: "WARM-UP On your handout, fill in the blanks with the Être verbs that fit. (Also fill in the blanks on the back.) e_____ s_____ t______ a______ v____ r."— Presentation transcript:

1 WARM-UP On your handout, fill in the blanks with the Être verbs that fit. (Also fill in the blanks on the back.) e_____ s_____ t______ a______ v____ r p_____ a________ m______ r_______ r________ n_______ r_____ m_____d_______ _ d______ HOUSE OF ÊTRE “(DR.&) MRS. VANDERTRAMP(P)” p _____

2 ANSWERS e_____ s_____ t______ a______ v____ r p_____ a________ m______ r_______ r________ n_______ r_____ m_____d_______ _ d______ arriver venir rentrer revenir retourner naître entrer monterdescendre rester tomber sortir partir aller devenir mourir HOUSE OF ÊTRE “(DR.&) MRS. VANDERTRAMP(P)” passer

3 D R evenir M R S V A N D E R T R A M P (P) enir onter ester ortir ller aître escendre ntrer entrer omber etourner rriver ourir artir asser

4 How do you know what verbs to use “ être ” with ? Memorize the list ! Recognize that these are intransitive verbs of motion or transition, where the past participle describes the state of the subject. (& thus agrees with subject)

5 How do you know what verbs to use “ avoir ” with ? When there is a ____________ direct object Then, the past participle describes the state/action acted upon the direct object. Note: You will learn reflexive verbs later, and they still use être when there’s a direct object; however, there’s no agreement with the subject when there’s a D.O. …. but that’s later…

6 NOTE: There are a few of the “ être ” verbs on the list that CHANGE to using “ avoir ” under certain circumstances. Watch the examples and figure out when that is…. (Hint: The meaning of the verb changes a little bit, too.)

7 Elle est montée. Who is montée describing ? (Who moved?)

8 Elle a monté les livres. What is monté describing ? (What moved?) How would you translate the sentence ?

9 Elle est descendue. Who is descendue describing ? (Who moved?)

10 Elle a descendu les livres. What is descendu describing ? (What moved?) How would you translate the sentence ?

11 Ils sont sortis. Who is sortis describing ? (Who moved?)

12 Ils ont sorti la poubelle. How would you translate the sentence ? What was “taken out” ? What is “sorti” describing?

13 Il a sorti le chien. What is sorti describing ? (What moved?) How would you translate the sentence ?

14 Note: (PP like an adjective) There is no agreement with the D.O. because it hasn’t indicated what it’s talking about BEFORE you reach the past participle in the sentence. RECAP: Elle est montée.Elle a monté les livres. Elle est descendue.Elle a descendu les livres. Ils sont sortis.Il a sorti le chien. When do these verbs change to using “avoir” as the helping verb ?

15 - There are times when the past participle agrees with the D.O. (Direct Object) that it describes – but the number/gender have to be indicated somewhere before the past participle is written. Examples: Voila les fleurs (fp) que j’ai achetées hier. J’adore cette pièce (f) ! Je l’ai vue le mois dernier. * (You don’t have to know how to do to this yet. Just know the difference between the main être verbs and the regular avoir verbs.)


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