Presentation on theme: "REMEMBER: The il form is the same for elle and on too!"— Presentation transcript:
1 REMEMBER: The il form is the same for elle and on too! Time phrasesnormalementd’habitudede temps en tempsl’année dernièreil y a … ansle mois dernierla semaine dernièrel’année prochaineà l’avenirKey Verbs & TensesWho are we talking about?je – Iil – heelle – sheon – wenous – weils – they (all male/mixed)elles – they (all female)ma mère – my Mummon frère – my brotherRemember if you are aiming for a C grade or above:*If you can use a variety of tenses, you stand a better chance of increasing your marks.*Add in the past (perfect and imperfect), present and the future to help you gain those marks.*If you’re feeling confident, you could add in the conditional.*You need to aim for accuracy: CHECK your tenses in your preparation time – DON’T take a random guess!The Present Tense – REGULAR VERBSThis is used to talk about what you generally do or what you are doingright now. If you look up a verb in the dictionary, it ends in one of thefollowing: -er, -ir or –re. This is known as the infinitive. To form theregular present tense, follow these rules:-er verbs ir verbs -re verbsje chante je finis je vendstu chantes tu finis tu vendsil/elle/on chante il/elle/on finit il/elle/on vendnous chantons nous finissons nous vendonsvous chantez vous finissez vous vendezils/elles chantent ils/elles finissent ils/elles vendentWhen you look up the verb in the dictionary, e.g. choisir. Follow these instructions:Remove the ir from the end: choisAdd the correct ending from above, depending on who you are talking about: je choisisEASY!The Present Tense – IRREGULAR VERBSHowever, some verbs are irregular and need checking and learning. Here are some common ones:j’ai/il a/nous avons – I have/he has/we haveje suis/il est/nous sommes – I am/he is/we areje vais/il va/nous allons – I go/he goes/we goje fais/il fait/nous faisons – I do/he does/we doje lis/il lit/nous lisons – I read/he reads/we readje peux/il peut/nous pouvons – I can/he can/we canje bois/il boit/nous buvons – I drink/he drinks/we drinkje mange/il mange/nous mangeons – I eat/he eats/we eatj’achète/il achète/nous achetons – I buy/he buys/we buyje sors/il sort/nous sortons – I go out/he goes out/we go outREMEMBER: The il form is the same for elle and on too!
2 Key Verbs & Tenses Past tenses There are two types of past tense in French:The perfect tenseThe imperfect tenseThe perfect tense is the one you need themost. It is used to describe something youdid in the past, e.g. Hier j’ai regardé un film.The imperfect tense is used to describesomething which happened regularly. It isalso used to describe what something waslike in the past, e.g. weather or feelings, e.g.Il faisait beau.Just a reminder of the most importantpeople:je – Iil – heelle – shenous – weils/elles - theyThe perfect tenseDR & MRS. VANDERTRAMPThe following verbs are all formed withêtre. For this you need:je suis – tu es – il/elle est –nous sommes – vous êtes – ils/elles sontDevenir – to become (devenu)Revenir – to come back (revenu)Monter – to climb (monté)Rester – to stay (resté)Sortir – to go out (sorti)Venir – to come (venu)Aller – to go (allé)Naître – to be born (né)Descendre – to go down (descendu)Entrer – to enter (entré)Rentrer – to come back (rentré)Tomber – to fall (tombé)Retourner – to return (retourné)Arriver – to arrive (arrivé)Mourir – to die (mouru)Partir – to leave (parti)e.g. Je suis parti.Il est tombé.Je suis né.See the box next to this for more advice on how to form the perfect tense in French!Key Verbs & TensesThe perfect tense – how to form it:The perfect tense has three parts:The person you are writing about, e.g. jeThe auxiliary verb, either avoir or êtreThe past participle, e.g. faitMost verbs are made up with avoir. For thisyou need:j’ai – tu as – il a – nous avons – vous avez – ils ontThis is how to form REGULAR pastparticiples:acheter – achet – achetéfinir – fin – finivendre – vend – venduHere are some examples:J’ai acheté un stylo.Il a fini ses devoirs.Ils ont vendu des glaces.The perfect tense! An extra rule to remember!When you are using the Dr & Mrs Vandertramp verbs, you have to add agreements depending on the person you are talking about.e.g. For a female, add an extra e.For a male, add nothing.For more than one female, add an extra e and an s.For more than one male, add an extra s.For a group of males and females, add an extra s.Examples: Elle est allée à la plage. Nous sommes allés aux musées.
3 Key Verbs & Tenses The Imperfect Tense For your essays, the imperfect tense will bemainly used to describe, e.g. the weather. Ifyou then describe what you did in the past incertain weather types, you will need to usethe imperfect tense.If you are using the imperfect with je, theverb will end in –ais and if you’re talkingabout he/she/it, the verb will end in –ait.Some key verbs:Je faisaisJe jouaisJ’allaisJe mangeaisIl pleuvaitIl faisaitIl y avaitRemember to use these with the weather inthe past, e.g. Quand il faisait beau, j’allais àla plage.Key Verbs & TensesThe future tense!The future tense is used to talk about something you will do in the future, i.e. tomorrow, nextweek, next month, next year, in ten years!There are two ways to form the future tense.Use the present tense of aller + an infinitive, e.g. je vais manger = I’m going to eat.je vaisil/elle vanous allonsils/elles vontThis is used generally for things which are happening in the near future.2. Take the infinitive (remember all infinitives end in –ER, -IR or –RE) and add the endings below. *Make sure you take the –e off the end of any –RE verbs!*je – aiil/elle – anous – onsils/elles – onte.g. Je regarderai. Il finira. Ils vendront.Irregular Future Tense VerbsThere are some irregular verbs which you need to learn:j’irai – I will goje ferai – I will doj’aurai – I will haveje serai – I will beil y aura – there will bece sera – it will bee.g. L’année prochaine, j’irai en Australie.The conditional tenseThis is used to describe a ‘what if’ situation:So far, you have learnt:si je gagnais à la loterie – if I won the lotteryje voudrais – I would like
4 What makes a C grade (or above!) essay? You must:Write 150 words or more.Include opinions: adjectives – positive & negative and good opinion phrases.Use connectives, e.g. and, but, however.Include a range of tenses: past, present & future, and if you can, the conditional.Use time phrases.Structure your essay: planning is key!Talk about other people.