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THE PERFECT TENSE IS USED TO EXPRESS THE PAST. IT IS TRANSLATED AS DID OR HAS DONE IN ENGLISH. IN FRENCH THERE ARE TWO THINGS NEEDED TO FORM THE PERFECT.

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Presentation on theme: "THE PERFECT TENSE IS USED TO EXPRESS THE PAST. IT IS TRANSLATED AS DID OR HAS DONE IN ENGLISH. IN FRENCH THERE ARE TWO THINGS NEEDED TO FORM THE PERFECT."— Presentation transcript:

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2 THE PERFECT TENSE IS USED TO EXPRESS THE PAST. IT IS TRANSLATED AS DID OR HAS DONE IN ENGLISH. IN FRENCH THERE ARE TWO THINGS NEEDED TO FORM THE PERFECT TENSE. THIS IS SIMILAR TO HOW IT WORKS IN ENGLISH.

3 HEHASDONE SUBJECTAUXILIARY VERB PAST PARTICIPLE TO FORM THE PERFECT TENSE IN FRENCH, WE NEED AN AUXILIARY VERB AND A PAST PARTICIPLE, JUST AS IN ENGLISH. THIS IS THE PERFECT TENSE IN ENGLISH

4 THERE ARE TWO VERBS THAT ARE USED AS AUXILIARY VERBS…… AND AVOIRÊTRE MOST VERBS USE AVOIR AS THE AUXILIARY VERB, BUT SOME USE ÊTRE, (WELL DEAL WITH THIS LATER) (TO HAVE)(TO BE) HERE ARE THE PARTS OF AVOIR

5 JAI TU AS IL/ELLE A NOUS AVONS VOUS AVEZ ILS/ELLES ONT I HAVE YOU HAVE HE/SHE HAS WE HAVE YOU HAVE THEY HAVE

6 THE NEXT STEP IS TO FORM A PAST PARTICIPLE HERES HOW ………

7 TAKE AN INFINITIVE JOU ER FINIR VENDRE REMOVE THE ENDING ADD ENDINGS THIS IS CALLED A STEM É I U THESE ARE PAST PARTICIPLES

8 PAST PARTICIPLE ENDS IN ………… VERB ENDS IN………………… -ER -IR -RE É I U LEARN THESE ENDINGS!!!

9 NOW YOU HAVE A PAST PARTICIPLE IT IS COMBINED WITH A PART OF AVOIR TO FORM THE PERFECT TENSE LETS SEE HOW

10 JAI JOUÉ = I PLAYED / I HAVE PLAYED

11 IL A FINI = HE FINISHED / HE HAS FINISHED

12 NOUS AVONS VENDU = WE SOLD / WE HAVE SOLD

13 VOUS AVEZ VISITÉ = YOU VISITED / YOU HAVE VISITED

14 THATS HOW TO DO THE PERFECT TENSE. HOWEVER THERE ARE SOME OTHER RULES YOU NEED TO KNOW…

15 NOT ALL VERBS FORM THEIR PAST PARTICIPLES WITH THE METHOD WE HAVE SEEN. SOME VERBS HAVE IRREGULAR PAST PARTICIPLES AND NEED TO BE LEARNT HERE ARE SOME IMPORTANT ONES

16 MEANINGINFINITIVE PAST PARTICIPLE TO BE ÊTRE ÉTÉ TO KNOW SAVOIR SU TO DO/MAKEFAIREFAIT TO HAVE TO DEVOIR DÛDÛ TO BE ABLE TO POUVOIRPU TO SEE VOIR VU TO HAVE AVOIR EU LEARN THESE PAST PARTICIPLES

17 REMEMBER EARLIER WE SAID THERE ARE TWO VERBS WHICH CAN BE USED AS AN AUXILIARY VERB……… THERE ARE SOME VERBS WHICH USE ÊTRE INSTEAD OF AVOIR. LET S SEE HOW THIS WORKS……

18 THERE ARE 13 VERBS WHICH USE ÊTRE AS THE AUXILIARY. HERE THEY ARE……… AllerVenir A R M E N rriver ester onter ntrer aître Partir Retourner D S M escendre ortir ourir Tomber

19 IT IS VERY IMPORTANT TO LEARN THESE VERBS FORTUNATELY THERE ARE WAYS TO HELP……

20 AllerVenir A R M E N rriver ester onter ntrer aître Partir Retourner D S M escendre ortir ourir Tomber A A R M E N

21 AARMEN REMEMBERING THIS ODD SPELLING OF THE WORD AMEN IS ONE WAY OF HELPING TO REMEMBER THE 13 ÊTRE VERBS. IT ALSO HELPS TO REMEMBER THE MEANINGS. DID YOU NOTICE HOW THE VERBS WERE ARRANGED IN TWO COLUMNS? THE MEANING OF THE VERB ON THE RIGHT IS THE OPPOSITE OF THE VERB ON THE LEFT LETS HAVE A LOOK AT THEM AGAIN

22 ALLER VENIR ARRIVER TO GO TO ARRIVE RESTER TO STAY MONTER TO GO UP ENTRER TO GO IN NAÎTRE TO BE BORN PARTIR RETOURNER DESCENDRE SORTIR MOURIR TO COME TO LEAVE TO RETURN TO GO DOWN TO GO OUT TO DIE TOMBER TO FALL AND TOMBER FALLS DOWN BETWEEN THE REST!!

23 THERE ARE OTHER WAYS TO HELP REMEMBER THE 13 ÊTRE VERBS. HERE IS ANOTHER POPULAR WAY………

24 MONTER RESTER SORTIR VENIR ALLER NAÎTRE DESCENDREENTRERTOMBER RETOURNER ARRIVER MOURIR PARTIR MRS V A N D ET RA M P THE 13 VERBS ARE ALSO KNOWN AS THE MRS. VAN DE TRAMP VERBS

25 THESE 13 VERBS WORK IN THE SAME WAY AS HOW WE SAW PREVIOUSLY. FIRST YOU NEED TO MAKE THE PAST PARTICIPLE BUT THIS TIME IT IS COMBINED WITH PARTS OF ÊTRE INSTEAD OF AVOIR. ONLY THREE OF THE 13 VERBS HAVE AN IRREGULAR PAST PARTICIPLE. HERE THEY ALL ARE……

26 THE 13 ÊTRE VERBS AND THEIR PAST PARTICIPLES INFINITIVE PAST PARTICIPLE INFINITIVEPAST PARTICIPLE ALLER ALLÉ VENIRVENU ARRIVER RESTER MONTER ENTRER NAÎTRE TOMBER ARRIVÉ RESTÉ MONTÉ ENTRÉ NÉNÉ TOMBÉ PARTIRPARTI RETOURNERRETOURNÉ DESCENDREDESCENDU SORTIRSORTI MOURIRMORT THESE ARE THE IRREGULAR ONES

27 JE SUIS TU ES IL/ELLE EST NOUS SOMMES VOUS ÊTES ILS/ELLES SONT I AM YOU ARE HE/SHE IS WE ARE YOU ARE THEY ARE

28 ALLÉ = I WENT JE SUIS

29 PARTI = HE LEFT IL EST

30 THERE IS ONE MORE IMPORTANT THING THAT MUST BE DONE WHEN USING THE PERFECT TENSE WITH ÊTRE…… THE PAST PARTICIPLE MUST AGREE WITH THE SUBJECT. WHAT DOES THIS MEAN?? LETS SEE

31 YOU WILL HAVE SEEN THE USE OF AGREEMENTS BEFORE. ADDING EXTRA LETTERS WHEN DESCRIBING SOMETHING FEMININE OR PLURAL. LIKE THIS……… IL EST PETIT ELLE EST PETITE ILS SONT PETITS ELLES SONT PETITES THESE SAME AGREEMENTS ARE ALSO USED WHEN USING ÊTRE IN THE PERFECT TENSE

32 ALLÉE = SHE WENT ELLE EST

33 ARRIVÉS = THEY ARRIVED ILS SONT

34 RESTÉES = THEY STAYED ELLES SONT

35 ALSO ALL REFLEXIVE VERBS USE ÊTRE IN THE PERFECT TENSE. EG SE LEVER SE REVEILLER ETC. YOU FORM THE PERFECT TENSE IN EXACTLY THE SAME WAY BUT YOU MUST INCLUDE THE CORRECT REFLEXIVE PRONOUN. HERE IS HOW TO DO IT……

36 JE ME SUIS LEVÉ = I GOT UP TU TES LEVÉ = YOU GOT UP IL SEST LEVÉ = HE GOT UP ELLE SEST LEVÉE = SHE GOT UP NOUS NOUS SOMMES LEVÉS = WE GOT UP VOUS VOUS ÊTES LEVÉS = YOU GOT UP ILS SE SONT LEVÉS = THEY GOT UP ELLES SE SONT LEVÉES = THEY GOT UP

37 AND THATS THE PERFECT TENSE IN FRENCH. IT MIGHT SEEM A LOT OF INFORMATION TO REMEMBER BUT EVERY TIME YOU GO TO FORM A VERB IN THIS TENSE THINK ABOUT THE KEY STEPS………

38 FORM THE PAST PARTICIPLE. IS IT REGULAR OR IRREGULAR? DOES THE VERB USE AVOIR OR ÊTRE? IF IT USES ÊTRE DOES THE PAST PARTICIPLE NEED TO AGREE?

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