2The perfect tense – Le passé composé In French you use the perfect tense (le passé composé) to say what you have done in the past.The passé composé is usually formed by using the present tense ofavoir and thepast participle of the verb, just as in English
3Par exemple: J’ai joué = I have played Nous avons gagné = We have won Elle a dormi =She has sleptTu as répondu =You have replied
4Auxiliary verb J’ ai Tu as Il a Elle a Nous avons Vous avez Ils ont Elles ont
5Past participlesTo form the past participle of –er verbs, take the -er off the infinitive and replace it with-éRegular –ir verbs form the past participles by taking off thefinal –rRegular-re verbs take off the final –re and replace it withu
6Irregular past participles Avoir =EuBoire =BuLire =LuVoir =vu
11AgreementNotice that with verbs that take être as the auxiliary verb, the pastparticiple agrees with the subject (the person or thing doing the action). If the subject is feminine you must add an extra-e and if the subject is plural you must add an extra-s. If it is plural and feminine you must add-es!
12OK…. Try some of these sentences then…. 1. I ate and strawberry ice cream.J’ai mangé une glace à la fraise.2.He played rugby for EnglandIl a joué au rugby pour Angleterre.3.We went on holiday to Spain last year.Nous sommes allés en Espagne l’année dernière..4. They watched a horror film at the cinema .It was frightening.Ils ont regardé un film d’horreur au cinéma. C’était effrayant.
13Bravo! Alors…… Do you know when to use the past tense? Do you know how to form the past tense?Do you know when to use avoir and when to use être?Bravo!