Scaffolding Awareness This Presentation Will Cover The Following Areas: What is a scaffold? General requirements Scaffold inspections Equipment & construction Use of scaffolding Working platform and decking Ladders
Simple Definition It can be described as a temporary structure on which people may work It may provide support for materials used by the workforce and for access to certain areas, plant or equipment
NO ! YES SCAFFOLDING
General Requirements Sound Construction Inspected Before Use Only Constructed By Competent Person Do Not Use Sign Until Inspected Only Genuine Scaffolding To Be Used Scaffold Should Not Obstruct Access Routes Emergency Escapes or Emergency Equipment
INSPECTION 1) ON COMPLETION 2) EVERY 7 DAYS 3) AFTER ALTERATION 4) AFTER BAD WEATHER WHEN ?
What Makes A Scaffold? Tubes Fittings Boards Ladders
Tubes Some people refer to tubes as poles they are made from steel and are very strong. They are joined together to form the basic scaffold by fittings. When in the vertical position they are called standards
Where is the midway rail? No toe boards!!! YES ! NO !
Timber pad not suitable No footing in place No sole plate
TSP HSE Department BRACING
TSP HSE Department BRACING
Fittings Fittings hold the structure together Made from high quality steel Must be maintained Many different types
TIE-INS FITTING NO YES
TSP HSE Department TIE-INS FITTING NO!
TSP HSE Department TIE-INS FITTING YES!!!
Scaffold Boards Made from good quality wood with no major defects Should have few knots Supported By tubes Take care do not overload
Where are the hoop ends?
Always use hoop ended boards !
Is it really a safe working platform? Where is the access ladder ?
PLATFORMS MUST BE CLOSELY BOARDED !
Ladders Probably the most hazardous part of a scaffold Used for access to /from the scaffold 1-4 Rule Always check for damage before use Can be metal or wood More on ladders later
TubularsBoards Ladders STANDARDS OF EQUIPMENT NO DISTORTION NO CUTS OR HOLES NO DENTS OR FLATTERING NO WARPING OR SPLITS NO CUT-OUTS OR JAGGED ENDS FIT HOOP IRONS NO WARPING OR SPLITS NO LOOSE OR MISSING RUNGS STILES TO BE FREE OF SPLITS TIE RODS TO BE FITTED TO WOODEN LADDERS NO PAINTING OF LADDERS ENSURE FREE FROM WEAR OR CORROSION FITTINGS
BASIC DESIGN OFFSHORE REQUIRES 3 HANDRAILS ONSHORE REQUIRES 2 HANDRAILS TOE BOARDS TO BE SECURED FLOORBOARDS TO BE LASHED. MAXIMUM GAP BETWEEN BOARDS 25mm TIES MAXIMUM GAP BETWEEN PLATFORM AND WORK SURFACE 300mm FOUNDATION
Access Rules Dont climb up/down scaffolding use ladders Ladder to be at the correct angle 1- 4 Ladders are to be tied at both sides not by the rungs Make sure the ladder extends a safe distance above the landing stage
Is it really a safe access?
MUCH SAFER, ISNT IT? ACCESS FIRM FOOTING LADDER LONG ENOUGH
Loading Scaffolds Dont overload scaffolds Distribute the load around the standards Dont load the middle of the bay Always leave a passageway at least 2 boards wide for people to pass Ensure materials cant fall off the scaffold Dont leave tools or materials lying around on the platform
Hazards Guard rails and toe-boards must be fitted where a person is liable to fall 2 meter's Dont use incomplete scaffolding Dont interfere with scaffolding, alterations can only be made by a competent person Dont throw, drop or tip materials from heights either lower or dispose of them down a chute
Ladders 1Ladders should be set on a firm base and leaning at the correct angle 1-4 2Ladders must be tied near the top and extend a safe distance above the landing stage unless a hand hold is provided 3Use both hands to grip the ladder 4Always face the ladder 5Dont overreach 6Only one person on a ladder at one time