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SCAFFOLD SAFETY.

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Presentation on theme: "SCAFFOLD SAFETY."— Presentation transcript:

1 SCAFFOLD SAFETY

2 INTRODUCTION Georgia Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program
This training information has been prepared by the Safety and Health Consultation Program at Georgia Tech with the technical collaboration of Mr. Juán C. Rodriguez and under the sponsorship of OSHA. Its content may be copied and distributed for free, and the only request made to the user is that Georgia Tech’s Safety and Health Consultation Program be acknowledged as the source. All information contained in this training is believed to be correct by the authors, but it is important to point out that, this is not an official OSHA publication and has not been revised or approved by OSHA. The user should be aware that the recommendations provided in this training do not replace any OSHA standard or regulation. Georgia Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program Georgia Tech Research Institute 260 14th Street, Fourth Floor Atlanta, GA   Voice : (404) FAX : (404) Web http//www.oshainfo.gatech.edu GA Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program

3 SUBPART L SCAFFOLDS

4 GA Tech Safety and Health
WHAT IS A SCAFFOLD? A scaffold is any temporary elevated platform (supported or suspended) and its supporting structure (including points of anchorage), used for supporting both employees and the materials to be used GA Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program

5 GA Tech Safety and Health
A scaffold GA Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program

6 Most Common Accidents While Working on a Scaffold
Falls due to lack of: A guardrail system Personal fall arrest systems Proper access (from ladders incorrectly used) Electrocution: Worker touching energized power lines Working materials or scaffolding frame touching energized power lines GA Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program

7 Most Common Accidents …cont
Impacts from objects falling from the scaffold: Tools, materials falling from the platform Scaffold parts dropped during the process of erecting or dismantling Collapse of scaffold: High and unstable scaffolds not secured with ties, guys, and braces Small scaffolds are also commonly involved GA Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program

8 Most Important Safety Factors?
Train the workers Begin erecting a scaffold on a firm, solid supporting foundation Install / connect all components/parts correctly Tie the scaffold with a ratio of 4: 1 Do not overload with construction materials Platform must be fully planked Use guardrail systems and personal fall arrest systems Inspect the scaffold before starting each working shift Provide a safe means of access Provide additional protection through toe boards and/or screens so that tools, materials, debris, or equipment do not fall from a scaffold GA Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program

9 GA Tech Safety and Health
SCAFFOLD’S BASE Legs shall bear on base plates or adjustable screw jacks Place thick, solid wood planks under the legs or use other adequate firm foundation, when necessary Legs, posts, and frames must be plumb and braced (straight/ without leaning) GA Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program

10 The base GA Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program

11 Leveled and plumb GA Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program

12 GA Tech Safety and Health
Parts of a scaffold The base/ foundation The fabricated end frames (tubular frames) The transverse bracing (crossbracing) members (X) The platforms made of thick and solid plank units Guardrail systems for fall protection The access system in place GA Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program

13 GA Tech Safety and Health
Parts of a scaffold GA Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program

14 Scaffold’s supporting capacity and use
A scaffold shall be erected so that it be capable of supporting its own weight and at least 4 times the maximum intended load transmitted to it Never overload it with construction materials A competent person must inspect it before the start of each working shift Any damaged part or member must be replaced GA Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program

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Competent Person One who is capable of identifying existing and predictable hazards One who identifies conditions which are unsanitary, hazardous or dangerous to employees One who has authorization to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate them GA Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program

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Competent person GA Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program

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ACCESS TO A SCAFFOLD From the moment it is erected to the moment it is dismantled Ladders must be compatible with the type of scaffold Rule of two feet / space (gap) between rungs Rest platforms at certain vertical intervals Type of surface Cleanliness GA Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program

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Consultation Program Scaffold’s access

19 GA Tech Safety and Health
FALL PROTECTION Applies to each employee on a scaffold more than 10 feet above a lower level Ascertain who the competent person is Make use of a vertical lifeline or a horizontal lifeline, if required The top edge height of toprails and their strength must be in accordance to specified measurements and loads The transverse bracing (crossbracing) members (X) may be used as one of the safety rails The working platform must be planked as fully as possible –from end to end-- with thick and solid plank units, except when erecting or dismantling a scaffold GA Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program

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Fall protection GA Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program

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Protection… Platform planks shall overlap at least 12 inches or otherwise be secured (immobilized) Wood platforms shall not be covered with opaque finishes (paint) A portable ladder shall never be placed for use on the platform The edges of the platform shall be protected through toe boards that retain any potential falling object (tools or construction material) A canopy structure shall be erected if employees pass below GA Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program

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Overlapping platform planks GA Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program

23 How to stack construction materials on a scaffold platform
Always proportionately distribute materials where there is solid support (tube) underneath the platform planks Never place material on a platform section which does not have any support underneath Platform planks shall not deflect more than 1/60 of the span when loaded GA Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program

24 GA Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program
Materials stacked on the platform

25 Securely tie and brace scaffolds against the building
A ratio of four to one (4 : 1) height to base width shall be used when placing ties vertically Every 30 feet at horizontal intervals, placing ties at each end of the scaffold and at edges Gauge 9 wire may be used GA Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program

26 Scaffold’s inspections
Who has to perform them? Include all component parts/members Type of damage/irregularities to look for: physical and structural GA Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program

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Employee Training Five main areas to be considered: Falls Access Materials and objects on a scaffold platform Risk of electrocution Collapse of a scaffold Procedures for correcting irregularities/defects in the erecting process of a scaffold GA Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program

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Training, cont… Appropriate use of a scaffold Maximum load-carrying capacity Subpart L requirements Training for qualified persons/competent persons Retraining so that the requisite proficiency is retained, and the level of competency is consolidated GA Tech Safety and Health Consultation Program


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