2 Overview Identify fall hazardous areas Describing potential fall hazardsHow appropriate portable and extension ladders are used
3 Fall ProtectionAll situations that expose personnel to a fall of 6’ or greater must be assessed by a competent person who is trained in fall protection to implement appropriate controls“Military unique” such as obstacle course training and rappelling are covered by SOP or other military standards, but requirements of CFR 1910 and 1926 apply if feasibleThe General Industry and Construction Standards cover fall protection systems and use requirements
4 Unit /Employer Responsibilities Ensure personnel who may be exposed to fall hazards receive fall protection awareness trainingProvide fall protection equipmentEnsure work site hazards are assessed and SOPs relating to fall protection are currentInstallation Safety ManagerProvide fall protection training and material as requiredProvide recommendations for fall protectionReview all fall protection SOPs before they are publishedStop any work operations not in complianceSupervisorsGet assistance from ISM for assessing potential fall hazardsProvide personnel with a written SOPProvide stable work platforms, scaffolds, ladders, fall protection equipment, debris nets, and barriersEnsure personnel are properly trained and enforce the use of fall protection equipmentMarine Corps PersonnelComply with the fall protection program requirementsRequest supervisor’s assistance when assessing potential fall hazardsUse equipment and techniques properlyInspect all equipment before use and maintain IAW manufacturers recommendationsRemove any defective or shock-loaded equipment from service until inspected by competent person or manufacturerReport unsafe work conditions to the supervisor
5 Types of Fall Protection GuardrailsPersonal Fall Arrest System with HarnessesSafety netsCoversWarning Line SystemsSafety Monitoring SystemsPositioning and Restraint SystemsKeep Rescue Operations into consideration when considering fall protection.
6 GuardrailsTemporary or permanent: capable of withstanding 200 lbs force applied within 2” of top edge in any out or downward direction along it’s lengthTop railMid railToe boardTop rail39” to 45” (42”) above the walking/working surfaceMid railInstalled between the top rail and working surface soopening doesn’t exceed 19”Toe board4” high from working surface
7 Personal Fall Arrest System with Harnesses Free-fall is no more than 6’All components must be rated at 5000 lbs. breaking strength and be compatible for use together as a systemMay include horizontal, vertical, or self-retracting life linesSystem is composed ofAnchor system (A)Full body harness (B)- Body belts not authorizedLanyard with shock absorbing device (C)Self locking connectors (D)D
8 Safety NetsExtend a minimum of 8 ft. from the edge of the working surfaceInstalled as close as possible to the working levelAble to withstand a weight of 400 lbs. dropped from the highest point of the working surface
9 CoversAble to withstand twice the weight of personnel, equipment, and materials that may be imposed at any timeMust be fastened to prevent slippingMust be marked “cover” or “hole”
10 Warning Line SystemsSystem can only be used on low-slope roofs with a pitch equal or less than 4” in 12”Rope, wire, or chain placed 34” to 39” highPlaced at least 6 ft. from the edge of roofFlagged with high visibility material every 6 ft.Support able to withstand 16 lbs. of force without tipping
11 Safety Monitoring System A competent personMust be on the same working surfaceCan have no other duties but observeSystem be used on lowslope roofs onlyA competent person to warn workers if they appear to be unaware of a fall hazardMust be on the same working surface as the workers with no visual obstructions and able to communicate orally with workersCan have no other dutiesCan only be used on lowslope roofs, pitch equal toor less than 4” in 12”, andflat roofs
12 Positioning and Restraint Systems Will not allow a person to fall more than 2 feetAnchor strength must be a minimum of 3000 lbs.
13 Rescue OperationsThe ISM and supervisors shall insure personnel can be rescued promptlyA rescue and evacuation plan must be in placeThe ISM and supervisors shall insure personnel exposed to fall hazards can be promptly rescued, or able to recover themselves if they fallA rescue and evacuation plan must be in place that includes emergency procedures, methods of rescue, equipment used, and training requirements
14 Scaffolds moved to reach a desired work level or position Scaffolds are elevated platforms that can bemoved to reach a desired work level or position2 main types of scaffoldsSuspensionMobile
15 Scaffolds Tube and Suspended Hang by ropes or wires from an overhead supportSingle/Double PointSuspensionKeep scaffolds at least 10 ft from energized power linesUse a personal fall arrest system attached to a proper anchorA guardrail is required if the scaffold is more than 14” away from surface being worked onDon’t use scaffolds if winds are over 40 mphMobileRest on the ground and may be supported by wheels or castersThe height of the scaffold should not be more than 4 times it’s base measurementSet the brakes and chock the wheels to keep the scaffold from moving while you workUse approved outriggers to increase the width of the base for a higher scaffoldClear a pathway for the scaffold that is free of any debris, cracks or holesAlert everyone in the area that the scaffold will be movedPush as close to the bottom of the scaffold as possible
17 Ladders Two basic types of ladders Portable ladders - Step ladder Extension ladderFixed laddersPortable Metal LaddersNo structural defects or accident hazards such as sharp edges, burrs, etc.Slip resistant rungs(a)(1)Designed to produce a ladder without structural defects or accident hazards such as sharp edges, burrs, etc.(a)(1)(v)Slip resistant rungs
18 Portable Ladders Stepladder Make sure the ladder is fully open and the spreaders are lockedDon’t climb, stand or sit on the top two rungs
19 Portable Ladders cont. Extension ladder Set up with about 3 feet extension above the working surfaceBe sure to secure or foot the ladder firmly before extendingNever raise or lower the ladder with the fly section extendedTie off at top
20 Portable Ladders cont.Figure out the right set-up angle or pitch - should be about 1/4 of the distance from the ladder’s top to bottom supports
21 General Ladder SafetyIf you must use a ladder in a passageway, set out cones or barricadesUse both hands for climbingTie off the ladder to a secure objectMake sure the footing is secureUse wooden or fiberglass ladders for electrical workDon’t reach when on a ladder
22 Inspecting Ladders Look for broken or missing steps or rungs Look for broken or split side rails and other defectsCheck footing devices when installedTag defective ladders “out of service” or “do not use”Don’t paint ladders, it covers defectsMissing rung
23 Use of LaddersPortable ladders are designed as a one-man working ladder based on a 200-pound load.The ladder base section must be placed with a secure footing.The top of the ladder must be placed with the two rails supported, unless equipped with a single support attachment.
24 Use of LaddersWhen ascending or descending the climber must face the ladder and have two points of contact(c)
25 Fixed Ladders Must be able to support two loads of 250lbs Must be able to withstand rigging, impact loads and weather conditionsIf fixed ladder is longer than 24 ft, must have cages or wells to protect worker from fallingMay have a ladder climbing device installedLadders that are permanently attached to buildings or other physical structuresMust be able to support two loads of 250lbsMust be able to withstand rigging, impact loads and weather conditionsIf fixed ladder is longer than 24 ft, must have cages or wells to protect worker from fallingMay have a ladder climbing device installed
27 StairwaysMust be strong enough to carry 5 times it’s maximum intended loadTreads must be slip resistant and equally spaced
28 Stairways cont.Stairways landings must be at least 30 inches deep and 22 inches wide at every 12 feet or less of vertical riseUnprotected sides of landings must have standard 42 inch guardrail systems
29 variation in any stairway system Stairways cont.Install between 30 and 50 degreesMust have uniform riser height and tread depth, with less than a 1/4-inch variationUniform - 30 & 50 deg. angleNo more than 1/4 inchvariation in any stairway system
30 Stairways cont.Stairways with four or more risers, or higher than 30” must be equipped with at least one handrail
31 Stairways cont. Fix slippery conditions before using Stairway parts must be free of projections which may cause injuries or snag clothing
32 Training Conducted by a competent person designated by the ISM Training shall be providedto all personnel that maybe exposed to fall hazardsNature of fall hazards in work areaProcedures for erecting, inspecting, and disassembling fall protection systems being usedUse and operation of fall protection systems being usedCorrect procedures for handling and storing equipment and materials and overhead protectionRole of each person in the safety monitoring system
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