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FALL PROTECTION. Overview Identify fall hazardous areas Describing potential fall hazards How appropriate portable and extension ladders are used.

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Presentation on theme: "FALL PROTECTION. Overview Identify fall hazardous areas Describing potential fall hazards How appropriate portable and extension ladders are used."— Presentation transcript:


2 Overview Identify fall hazardous areas Describing potential fall hazards How appropriate portable and extension ladders are used

3 Fall Protection All situations that expose personnel to a fall of 6’ or greater must be assessed by a competent person who is trained in fall protection to implement appropriate controls “Military unique” such as obstacle course training and rappelling are covered by SOP or other military standards, but requirements of CFR 1910 and 1926 apply if feasible

4 Unit /Employer Responsibilities Ensure personnel who may be exposed to fall hazards receive fall protection awareness training Provide fall protection equipment Ensure work site hazards are assessed and SOPs relating to fall protection are current

5 Types of Fall Protection Guardrails Personal Fall Arrest System with Harnesses Safety nets Covers Warning Line Systems Safety Monitoring Systems Positioning and Restraint Systems

6 Guardrails Temporary or permanent: capable of withstanding 200 lbs force applied within 2” of top edge in any out or downward direction along it’s length Top rail Mid rail Toe board

7 Personal Fall Arrest System with Harnesses Free-fall is no more than 6’ All components must be rated at 5000 lbs. breaking strength and be compatible for use together as a system May include horizontal, vertical, or self-retracting life lines System is composed of Anchor system (A) Full body harness (B) - Body belts not authorized Lanyard with shock absorbing device (C) Self locking connectors (D) D

8 Safety Nets Extend a minimum of 8 ft. from the edge of the working surface Installed as close as possible to the working level Able to withstand a weight of 400 lbs. dropped from the highest point of the working surface

9 Covers Able to withstand twice the weight of personnel, equipment, and materials that may be imposed at any time Must be fastened to prevent slipping Must be marked “cover” or “hole”

10 Warning Line Systems System can only be used on low-slope roofs with a pitch equal or less than 4” in 12” Rope, wire, or chain placed 34” to 39” high Placed at least 6 ft. from the edge of roof Flagged with high visibility material every 6 ft. Support able to withstand 16 lbs. of force without tipping

11 Safety Monitoring System A competent person Must be on the same working surface Can have no other duties but observe System be used on low slope roofs only

12 Positioning and Restraint Systems Will not allow a person to fall more than 2 feet Anchor strength must be a minimum of 3000 lbs.

13 Rescue Operations The ISM and supervisors shall insure personnel can be rescued promptly A rescue and evacuation plan must be in place

14 Scaffolds Scaffolds are elevated platforms that can be moved to reach a desired work level or position 2 main types of scaffolds – Suspension – Mobile

15 Scaffolds Tube and Suspended


17 Ladders Two basic types of ladders Portable ladders - Step ladder -Extension ladder Fixed ladders

18 Portable Ladders Stepladder Make sure the ladder is fully open and the spreaders are locked Don’t climb, stand or sit on the top two rungs

19 Portable Ladders cont. Extension ladder Set up with about 3 feet extension above the working surface Be sure to secure or foot the ladder firmly before extending Never raise or lower the ladder with the fly section extended Tie off at top

20 Portable Ladders cont. Figure out the right set-up angle or pitch - should be about 1/4 of the distance from the ladder’s top to bottom supports

21 General Ladder Safety If you must use a ladder in a passageway, set out cones or barricades Use both hands for climbing Tie off the ladder to a secure object Make sure the footing is secure Use wooden or fiberglass ladders for electrical work Don’t reach when on a ladder

22 Inspecting Ladders Look for broken or missing steps or rungs Look for broken or split side rails and other defects Check footing devices when installed Tag defective ladders “out of service” or “do not use” Don’t paint ladders, it covers defects Missing rung

23 Use of Ladders Portable ladders are designed as a one-man working ladder based on a 200-pound load. The ladder base section must be placed with a secure footing. The top of the ladder must be placed with the two rails supported, unless equipped with a single support attachment.

24 Use of Ladders When ascending or descending the climber must face the ladder and have two points of contact

25 Fixed Ladders Must be able to support two loads of 250lbs Must be able to withstand rigging, impact loads and weather conditions If fixed ladder is longer than 24 ft, must have cages or wells to protect worker from falling May have a ladder climbing device installed

26 Stairways use handrails !

27 Stairways Must be strong enough to carry 5 times it’s maximum intended load Treads must be slip resistant and equally spaced

28 Stairways cont. Stairways landings must be at least 30 inches deep and 22 inches wide at every 12 feet or less of vertical rise Unprotected sides of landings must have standard 42 inch guardrail systems

29 Stairways cont. Install between 30 and 50 degrees Must have uniform riser height and tread depth, with less than a 1/4-inch variation Uniform - 30 & 50 deg. angle No more than 1/4 inch variation in any stairway system

30 Stairways cont. Stairways with four or more risers, or higher than 30” must be equipped with at least one handrail

31 Stairways cont. Fix slippery conditions before using Stairway parts must be free of projections which may cause injuries or snag clothing

32 Training Conducted by a competent person designated by the ISM Training shall be provided to all personnel that may be exposed to fall hazards





37 References NAVMC DIR 5100.8, Chapter 18 29 CFR 1910 29 CFR 1926 COE EM-385 2011 Local SOP


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