2 Portable Ladder Safety Introduction Ladders are important and essential tools that are used widely in a variety of industries. They help us move up and down and work at different heights.Portable ladders, in particular, are useful tools because they can be readily moved or carried.They are simply built and come in many sizes, shapes, and styles.
3 Ladder Safety – Condition/Inspection Condition and inspectionKeep portable ladders in good, usable condition.Joints between steps or rungs and side rails are tightRungs, cleats, or steps are not bent, broken or splitAll bolts and rivets are in place and secureHardware, fittings and accessories are securely attached and working properlyRopes are not frayed or badly wornLadder Safety – Condition/Inspection
4 Ladder Safety Condition/Inspection Moveable parts operate freely without grinding or excessive playSafety feet and other auxiliary equipment are not excessively wornMetal components are not corrodedThere are no other faulty or defective components
5 Ladder Safety Ladders need to be inspected as follows: WHEN THE LADDER IS:DO THE FOLLOWING:First placed into service and periodically while in serviceInspect the ladder for visible defects, including, but not limited to:-Working partsand-Rung or step connections to the side railsDamaged by impactor tips overVisually inspect the ladder for dents, bends, cracks or splitsCheck:-Rung or step connection to the side rails-Hardware connections-Rivets for shear damage-All other componentsLadder Safety
6 DOStore ladders in dry, well ventilated areas with moderate temperatures.Store ladders either vertically or horizontally with supports at each end and in the middle.Identify unsafe ladders with tags.Remove defective or unsafe ladders from service immediately.DON'TDon't store anything on a ladder.Don't paint wooden ladders with paint, only with clear preservatives, as paint can hide wear on the ladder.Storage
7 Portable Ladders – Use/Abuse Although they are easy to use, they are often misused or abused, causing serious injuries and deaths. These deaths and injuries could have been significantly reduced or eliminated with proper care and use.
8 Varieties of LaddersTo prevent injuries while using portable ladders, you need to know what kinds of ladders there are and how to use them properly. There are various types, shapes, and sizes of ladders to help you accomplish your tasks.
9 Two Way Step Ladder Platform Ladder Varieties of Ladders: Extension Ladder – 2 person jobPlatform LadderDouble Sided Ladder
10 Self-Supporting Ladders Portable self-supporting ladders can stand up on their own. Standard stepladders have a front sectionwith steps for climbing and a back section with two rear legs, which give them their stability. They must be set up on firm, level surfaces such as floors, platforms, and slabs.
11 Self-Supporting Ladders The standard stepladder is non-adjustable and has flat steps and a hinged back. It must have a metal spreader or locking device strong enough to securely hold the front and back sections in the open position. The back section is cross-braced and you must not use it for climbing.Self-Supporting Ladders
12 Non Self-SupportingNon-self-supporting ladders must be leaned against a stable structure strong enough to support the weight of the ladder, user, tools, and materials being used by the worker on the ladder.They are intended for use by only one worker at a time.Commonly used non-self-supporting ladders include single ladders and extension ladders.
13 Single ladders are nonadjustable and must never be tied or fastened together to form a longer ladder.Sectional ladders, which consist of two or more sections, are designed to be combined together to function as a single ladderNon Self– Supporting
14 Portable Ladders - Falls You don't have to fall far to get hurt. Workers injured in falls from ladders are usually less than 10 feet above the ladder's base of support.
15 Reasons for FallsWhy do people fall from ladders if they are so easy to use? -Setting up on an unstable or slippery base surface is a primary reason ladders fall over Falls involve portable ladders that move, tilt, or shift while a worker is climbing, descending, or performing a task. -Standing on the top two rungs, which explicitly has a warning label DANGER, do not do!
16 More Reasons for Falls improperly getting onto or off of the ladder loss of balance setting up the ladder improperly overreaching by the user mis-stepping or a slipping of the foot while climbing or descendingMore Reasons for Falls
17 Ladder Safety - Prevention Make sure the ladder is not placed on ice, snow, or other slippery surface unless the ladder is prevented from accidental displacement by:Securing itProviding the ladder with slip-resistant feet
18 Ladder Safety - Prevention Protect ladders that are set–up in a location where they could be displaced by workplace activities or traffic by either:Securing the ladder to prevent accidental displacementUsing a barricade to keep the activities or traffic away from the ladderLadder Safety - Prevention
19 Ladder Safety - Prevention Protect ladders that are set-up in front of doors that open towards the ladder by doing at least one of the following:Block the door openLock the doorGuard the door to keep it from opening into the ladderLadder Safety - Prevention
20 Ladder Safety - Prevention Make sure ladders are not placed on boxes, barrels, or other unstable bases to obtain additional heightPlace a straight ladder so the side rails are equally supported by the top support, unless the ladder is equipped with a single support attachmentMake sure the top support of the ladder is reasonably rigid and able to support the loadLadder Safety - Prevention
21 Ladder Safety Prevention Climbing and descending:Have both hands free to hold on to the ladder, or at least one hand.Face the ladder when climbing or descendingKeep ladders free from oil, grease, or other slippery materialsKeep the area around the top and bottom of ladders clear.Remove all items from ladder before moving itMake sure single-rail ladders are not usedLadder Safety Prevention
22 Help Yourself & OthersBefore you use a ladder, check its rating to see if you have the right ladder for the job. Be sure not to subject the ladder to a work load greater than its rated capacity. And, always read manufacturers' labels and follow their recommendations. Do yourself a favor and avoid a fall and injury to yourself. If you see someone doing it wrong, say something!
23 Manufactured ladders have warning markings and labels, such as "CAUTION" and "DANGER," which are usually in red or yellow.They often also have "SAFETY" labels which give information on how to use the ladders safely.Warning labels
26 You have to fall more than 15 feet from a ladder before you get hurt. ? FALSE!!!TRUE OR FALSEFACT: Workers injured in falls from ladders are usually less than 10 feet above the ladder's base of supportLadder Safety Quiz
27 D) ALL OF THE ABOVE Ladder Safety Quiz Injuries involving falls from ladders might be: A) Reaching too far out away from the ladder. B) Misstep or slip of the foot while climbing. C) Setting up the ladder on an unstable or slippery surface. D) All of the above.D) ALL OF THE ABOVELadder Safety Quiz
28 A ladder is rated according to: A) its sizeB) how it is to be usedC) the total weight that it can safely supportD) the kind of material it is made ofC)The total weight it can safely support.Ladder Safety Quiz
29 FALSE!!! TRUE OR FALSE Ladder Safety Quiz You don't need to read any of the labels on a ladder for information other than to find out the ladder's type.TRUE OR FALSEFALSE!!!FACT: All labels must be read in order to take certain precautions is required.Ladder Safety Quiz
30 Thank you for reviewing our Safety Training. Please see your District Manager and they should provide you with an acknowledgment form of Ladder Safety Training.