Presentation on theme: "Working at Height Leaning Ladder & Stepladder Safety."— Presentation transcript:
Working at Height Leaning Ladder & Stepladder Safety
The aim of this Toolbox Talk Legislation Overview Accident Statistics Hazards and Pre-Use Checks Positioning Safe Use
Legislation Overview There are various pieces of Legislation that apply to Working at Height: Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 Work at Height Regulations 2005 (as amended) Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998 Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999
Accidents involving Ladders Many of these injuries are caused by inappropriate or incorrect use of the equipment 1/3 of all reported fall-from- height incidents involve ladders and stepladders They account for approximately 14 deaths and 1,200 major injuries to workers each year.
Hazards What are the reasons people fall from ladders and stepladders? The leaning ladder slipping at the top or bottom The leaning ladder flipping over or coming away at the top Overstretching A fault with the ladder Slipping or loosing your footing Stepladder wobbles due to missing feet or not being correctly open Stepladder being used side-on to the work task
You don’t necessarily have to fall from a great height to be badly injured. Most injuries are caused by falls from less than 2m – commonly causing broken arms or legs and in some instances death. Hazards
Pre-Use Checks Don’t use any other ladder, including those brought from home or belonging to other companies. All the company’s ladders have been individually identified. Every time you use a ladder check it beforehand to make sure it is safe to use.
Pre-Use Checks What should you look for? Missing, damaged or worn anti-slip feet (essential for good grip) Items stuck in the feet (swarf, stones, grease or dirt) that prevent feet from making contact with the ground Mud, grease or oil on the rungs or stiles (the sides) Cracks in the rungs or stiles of the ladder Missing or damaged tie rods Missing, broken or weakened rungs Check metal ladders for cracked or damaged welds and missing or loose screws or rivets
Pre-Use Checks If you see any of these do not use the ladder or try to repair it. Remove it from use and REPORT IT
Positioning All Types of Ladder
Positioning – All types of ladder 1. Do not position a ladder: Within 6m of an overhead power line (unless the lines have been temporarily disconnected or insulated) Where it can be knocked by a door or window – unless the door or window is secured. Where it may get struck by a passing vehicle
Positioning – All types of ladder 3. Check each foot is on a clean, level, firm footing and look out for oil, grease or loose material, including plastic packaging and sheeting. 2. Make sure the ladder is at the correct height, never use boxes or bricks etc to gain extra height.
Positioning Leaning Ladders
Positioning Leaning Ladders 1. Avoid placing ladders on side or back slopes, particularly if the surface is wet. Ladders should not be used on a suitable surface where the side slope is greater than 16° or the back slope is greater than 6° unless the manufacturer states otherwise. The rungs should always look horizontal – use an appropriate levelling device if you have any doubt.
Positioning Leaning Ladders 2. To erect a ladder, place its foot against a fixed object such as a wall and raise the other end by progressing hand over hand, from rung to rung, until it is upright. 3. Make sure the ladder is erected the right way up. If it is wooden ensure the tie rods are underneath the rungs, if it is aluminium check the rung profile is the right way round
Positioning Leaning Ladders 4. When erected, the ladder must be at an angle of 75° as this is the best angle for stability. 5. If you cannot achieve this angle, because the ladder is too short, too long or something is in the way, then don’t use it.
Positioning Leaning Ladders 6. Don’t place the ladder against a fragile surface such as plastic guttering or glazing as it may give way. 7. Don’t stand on the top 3 rungs – ensure ladder extends at least 1m (or 3 rungs) above where you will be working.
Positioning Stepladders 1. Check all 4 feet are in contact with the ground. 3. Make sure the stepladder is the correct length: Don’t use the top two steps of a stepladder unless it has a suitable handrail Don’t use the top three steps of swing-back or double-sided stepladders where a step forms the very top of the stepladder. This should ensure a handhold is readily available. 2. Rungs should face the work activity and not side-on.
Questions Q1. When positioning a leaning ladder what should you check for? Q2. When positioning a stepladder what should you check for? Are there any more questions?
General Safety Tips - All Types Of Ladders Only use ladders for light-duty, short duration work Watch where you place your feet at the bottom, making sure you don’t miss the lower rungs as you step off Make sure you have the correct footwear, i.e. clean, in good condition, no dangling laces Take each rung one at a time, don’t rush and use both hands to grip Try and maintain 3 points of contact at all times (e.g. both feet and one hand)
General Safety Tips - All Types Of Ladders Don’t use a ladder if you are taking medication, have a medical condition or are under the influence of drugs or alcohol Don’t carry awkward or heavy objects on a ladder. Never carry loads heavier than 25kg – any over 10kg should be avoided if possible. Don’t overreach – keep both feet on the same rung throughout the task. Never place a foot on another surface such as a window frame to extend your reach When working with or close to electrical equipment ensure you use a ladder/stepladder made from non-conductive material i.e. Fibreglass.
Questions Q1. What types of work can a leaning ladder be used for? Q2. What types of work can a stepladder be used for?
General Safety Tips - Leaning Ladders When possible tie a ladder to prevent it slipping. This can be either at the top, bottom or both If you can’t tie the ladder use an ‘effective ladder’ or one with an ‘effective ladder-stability device’ If the above suggestions are not possible then you can wedge the stiles against a wall or other similar heavy object or, as a last resort have a second person foot the ladder.
Questions Q1. How and where should a ladder be tied? Q2. Remember to check all the basic safety conditions are met. This is particularly important if the ladder is not tied. Can you remember what they are?
General Safety Tips - Stepladders Make sure the legs are fully open before you go up. Always make sure you have an available handhold. Avoid working side-on from a stepladder. Stepladders should not be used as a means of access to another level, such as a roof (unless they have been designed for this) as they can become unstable when you are stepping on or off them.
Questions Are there any more questions? Contains public sector information published by the Health and Safety Executive and licensed under the Open Government License v1.0’.