2 ObjectivesDescribe government efforts to investigate the loyalty of US citizens.Explain the spy cases of Alger Hiss and Julius and Ethel Rosenberg.Identify Senator Joseph McCarthy and explain his role in the anticommunist crusade.
3 Warm UpIdentify US policy to combat communism abroad and give an example of the policy in action.Containment – Truman Doctrine (Greece/Turkey), Marshall Plan, Berlin Airlift, NATO
4 Review Cold War Weapons Struggle between US & USSR Political, Economic, Military, Civil RightsWeaponsUnconventional “Warfare”Propaganda, Diplomacy, Science, Finance, Espionage, Subversion
5 Communism in the US Depression WW2 Cold War Failed econ system = growth in communist partyWW2Econ fix = #’s declineCold WarFear Communist expansion and subversion
6 Second Red Scare March 1947 Federal Employee Loyalty Program Smith Act Loyalty Review BoardSmith ActClear and Present Danger, can’t be taughtMcCarren ActRegistration w/Dept Justice
7 House Un-American Activities Committee May 1938Investigate disloyalty, labor unrest, pre-WW21947Investigates Communist influence in HollywoodHollywood TenHollywood BlacklistsSee “The Majestic”
8 Spy Cases: Alger HissWhittaker Chambers accuses Hiss of spying for USSR in 30’sGuilty of perjury (lied about documents) not espionage... 4 yrs in jail1990’s Soviet info proves?
9 Spy Cases: The Rosenberg’s 1950Ethel and Julius accused of supplying USSR with A-Bomb secretsPlead 5th…Jewish, radical witch huntJuly 19, st citizens executed for espionage
11 Modern Day Espionage1994Aldrich Ames2001Robert Hanssen
12 Joseph McCarthy (R Senator Wis) Re-election tactic: Communists taking over US government!Feb 1950 “List”Communists in State Dept!1954 – US ArmyIke investigatesTV Senate Hearings expose/discredit “Witchhunt”Dies alcoholism 57
13 Impact of McCarthyism Fear and suspicion End free-speech Loyalty investigations and oathsDeportationsWeakened labor unionsEnded careersPublic Asst ($) Withheld
14 Activity Herbert Block Political Cartoons Coined “McCarthyism” March 29,1950Critical cartoons 4 yrs