Presentation on theme: "Communism at Home Unit 4 Lesson 10. Objectives Describe government efforts to investigate the loyalty of US citizens. Explain the spy cases of Alger Hiss."— Presentation transcript:
Communism at Home Unit 4 Lesson 10
Objectives Describe government efforts to investigate the loyalty of US citizens. Explain the spy cases of Alger Hiss and Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. Identify Senator Joseph McCarthy and explain his role in the anticommunist crusade.
Warm Up Identify US policy to combat communism abroad and give an example of the policy in action. Containment – Truman Doctrine (Greece/Turkey), Marshall Plan, Berlin Airlift, NATO
Review Cold War Struggle between US & USSR Political, Economic, Military, Civil Rights Weapons Unconventional Warfare Propaganda, Diplomacy, Science, Finance, Espionage, Subversion
Communism in the US Depression Failed econ system = growth in communist party WW2 Econ fix = #s decline Cold War Fear Communist expansion and subversion
Second Red Scare March 1947 Federal Employee Loyalty Program Loyalty Review Board Smith Act Clear and Present Danger, cant be taught McCarren Act Registration w/Dept Justice
House Un-American Activities Committee May 1938 Investigate disloyalty, labor unrest, pre-WW Investigates Communist influence in Hollywood Hollywood Ten Hollywood Blacklists See The Majestic
Spy Cases: Alger Hiss Whittaker Chambers accuses Hiss of spying for USSR in 30s Guilty of perjury (lied about documents) not espionage... 4 yrs in jail 1990s Soviet info proves?
Spy Cases: The Rosenbergs 1950 Ethel and Julius accused of supplying USSR with A-Bomb secrets Plead 5 th …Jewish, radical witch hunt July 19, st citizens executed for espionage
Modern Day Espionage 1994 Aldrich Ames 2001 Robert Hanssen
Joseph McCarthy ( R Senator Wis) Re-election tactic: Communists taking over US government! Feb 1950 List Communists in State Dept! 1954 – US Army Ike investigates TV Senate Hearings expose/discredit Witchhunt Dies alcoholism 57
Impact of McCarthyism Fear and suspicion End free-speech Loyalty investigations and oaths Deportations Weakened labor unions Ended careers Public Asst ($) Withheld
Activity Herbert Block Political Cartoons Coined McCarthyism March 29,1950 Critical cartoons 4 yrs
Stand Fast…Theyre Armed!
You Read, Eh?
In My Hand
Closure What role do you think Herbert Block played in discrediting Joseph McCarthy and bringing an end to McCarthyism? Was Joseph McCarthy on to something? Red Scare Revisited