Presentation on theme: "Communism at Home Unit 4 Lesson 10. Objectives Describe government efforts to investigate the loyalty of US citizens. Explain the spy cases of Alger Hiss."— Presentation transcript:
Objectives Describe government efforts to investigate the loyalty of US citizens. Explain the spy cases of Alger Hiss and Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. Identify Senator Joseph McCarthy and explain his role in the anticommunist crusade.
Warm Up Identify US policy to combat communism abroad and give an example of the policy in action. Containment – Truman Doctrine (Greece/Turkey), Marshall Plan, Berlin Airlift, NATO
Review Cold War Struggle between US & USSR Political, Economic, Military, Civil Rights How was war “fought”? Unconventional “Warfare” Propaganda, Diplomacy, Science, Finance, Espionage, Subversion
Communism in the US Depression Failed econ system = growth in communist party WW2 Econ fix = #’s decline Cold War Fear Communist expansion and subversion
Second Red Scare March 1947 Federal Employee Loyalty Program Loyalty Review Board Smith Act Clear and Present Danger, can’t be taught McCarren Act Registration w/Dept Justice
House Un-American Activities Committee May 1938 Investigate disloyalty, labor unrest, pre-WW2 1947 Investigates Communist influence in Hollywood Hollywood Ten Hollywood Blacklists See “The Majestic”
Spy Cases: Alger Hiss 1948-50 Whittaker Chambers accuses Hiss of spying for USSR in 30’s Guilty of perjury (lied about documents) not espionage... 4 yrs in jail 1990’s Soviet info proves?
Spy Cases: The Rosenberg’s 1950 Ethel and Julius accused of supplying USSR with A-Bomb secrets Plead 5 th …Jewish, radical witch hunt July 19, 1953- 1 st citizens executed for espionage
Modern Day Espionage 1994 Aldrich Ames 2001 Robert Hanssen
Joseph McCarthy ( R Senator Wis) Re-election tactic: Communists taking over US government! Feb 1950 “List” Communists in State Dept! 1954 – US Army Ike investigates TV Senate Hearings expose/discredit “Witchhunt” Dies alcoholism 57
Impact of McCarthyism Fear and suspicion End free-speech Loyalty investigations and oaths Deportations Weakened labor unions Ended careers Public Asst ($) Withheld