Subversion Alger Hiss Whittaker Chambers accused State Dept. employee Alger Hiss of spying. Hiss claimed not to be part of the Communist Party Richard Nixon pressed the case. perjury Hiss convicted of perjury (lying under oath). Years later guess who turns out to be a liar?
HUAC House Un-American Activities Committee Hearings where suspected communist were questioned J. Edgar Hoover –FBI –Investigate suspected Communist –Hold public hearings Expose communist & communist sympathizers BlacklistBlacklist –list of persons who are under suspicion of being affiliated with or a known Communist. Not allowed to work or generally accepted.
Red Channels Booklet that named members of Hollywood that were part of the communist party but had not been blacklisted.
Hollywood Ten 10 Hollywood subverts –Directors –Writers –Producers –Performers Asked to testify before Congress. –Refused to testify –Equals guilty –Sent to prison.
Joseph McCarthy Wisconsin Senator –Claimed to know of dozens of Govt. officials that were communist. McCarthyism –Witch Hunts = made false accusations and claims without evidence. –Opposition = Communist –Accused over 2000 innocent people.
End of McCarthyism Downfall Bullied & threatened accused Couldn’t produce evidence Army hearings –Challenged army officials as communist sympathizers. –Army was infiltrated Censure- Senate passed vote of formal disapproval.
Facing the Bomb Mass hysteria of Soviet attack Duck and Cover –“protection from Nuclear blast” Fallout –radiation that would kill those the blast didn’t. Fallout shelter –Underground buildings stocked with food and water.