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The Truman Years 1945-1952 The Age of Suspicion 25.3.

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Presentation on theme: "The Truman Years 1945-1952 The Age of Suspicion 25.3."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Truman Years The Age of Suspicion 25.3

2 The Second Red Scare: Anti-communist hysteria Anti-communist hysteria Created a culture of conformity Created a culture of conformity Truman imposed loyalty tests on govt. employees Truman imposed loyalty tests on govt. employees 1,200 were fired & 5,000 resigned 1,200 were fired & 5,000 resigned

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4 House Committee on Un- American Activities (HUAC) Began to investigate Hollywood for subversives in Began to investigate Hollywood for subversives in Many writers & actors were blacklisted Many writers & actors were blacklisted

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6 Hiss Trial Alger Hiss (formerly of State Dept.) is accused of spying for Soviets Alger Hiss (formerly of State Dept.) is accused of spying for Soviets He denies the allegations He denies the allegations HUAC & FBI investigate and claim to find evidence HUAC & FBI investigate and claim to find evidence Hiss is convicted of perjury Hiss is convicted of perjury

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8 Soviet Spies Uncovered 1950: Klaus Fuchs (of Manhattan Project) confesses to being a spy. 1950: Klaus Fuchs (of Manhattan Project) confesses to being a spy. His story led to the conviction and execution of Ethel & Julius Rosenberg = Americans who gave A-Bomb secrets to Soviets His story led to the conviction and execution of Ethel & Julius Rosenberg = Americans who gave A-Bomb secrets to Soviets

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10 Rise of McCarthyism Senator Joseph McCarthy (R-WI) created an anti-commie witch hunt to advance his career. Senator Joseph McCarthy (R-WI) created an anti-commie witch hunt to advance his career. Claimed (w/out proof) that Reds were in every branch of Govt. Claimed (w/out proof) that Reds were in every branch of Govt. He ruined careers, gained popularity with conservatives He ruined careers, gained popularity with conservatives

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