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Juvenile offending What are the facts? (according to NSW Police and NSW Criminal Court data) Sydney Institute of Criminology.

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Presentation on theme: "Juvenile offending What are the facts? (according to NSW Police and NSW Criminal Court data) Sydney Institute of Criminology."— Presentation transcript:

1 Juvenile offending What are the facts? (according to NSW Police and NSW Criminal Court data) Sydney Institute of Criminology

2 A Word of Warning All crime Reported crime Recorded crime Recorded offenders

3 What the media reports….. Young, female and leading a crime wave Daily Telegraph, 21 June 2008 Kid crime rampage Daily Telegraph, 30 June 2008 Police arrest 31 in teen gang crackdown SMH, 24 May 2009 Juvenile bail breaches rise SMH, 1 July 2009 Child criminals out of control Herald Sun, 9 May 2010 Juvenile crime wave Herald Sun, 10 May 2010

4 The Plan… 1. Long-term and more recent trends in juvenile offending 2. Which offences are most commonly committed by juveniles? 3. Characteristics of juvenile offenders 4. Where are juveniles committing crime? 5. How do the police proceed against juvenile offenders? 6. How many juveniles go to criminal courts and for what types of offences? 7. What penalties do the courts impose on juveniles? 8. Juvenile reoffending rates

5 Long-term and short-term trends in juvenile offending in NSW

6 Trends for juvenile offenders by major offences, July 00 to June 10

7 Trends for juvenile offenders for other offences, July 00 to June 10

8 Which offences do juveniles mostly commit?

9 Percentage of juvenile offenders by offence, July 09 to June 10

10 Juvenile offender characteristics

11 Percentage of juvenile offenders by gender, July 00 to June 10

12 Number and percentage of Indigenous and non-Indigenous juvenile offenders, July 00 to June 10 Number of juvenile offenders Percentage of juvenile offenders

13 Rate per 100,000 population for Indigenous and non-Indigenous juvenile offenders, July 00 to June 10

14 Percentage of juvenile offenders by age, July 00 to June 10

15 Where are juveniles offending?

16 Percentage of criminal incidents involving juveniles by premises types, July 09 to June 10

17 Malicious Damage to Property

18 Shop lifting

19 Non domestic violence assault

20 Break and enter

21 How do police proceed against juvenile offenders?

22 Percentage of juveniles proceeded to court versus away from court, July 05 to June 10

23 Percentage of juveniles diverted away from the courts, July 05 to June 10

24 Juveniles in court

25 Juveniles appearing in court by offence, 2009

26 Penalties for juveniles, 2009

27 Juvenile reoffending in NSW

28 Cumulative percentage of adults and juveniles reconvicted each year to 2009

29 Percentage of adults and juveniles reconvicted of ANY offence within 15 years by offence

30 Percentage of adults and juveniles reconvicted of the SAME offence within 15 years by offence

31 What the media reports….. Young, female and leading a crime wave Daily Telegraph, 21 June 2008 Kid crime rampage Daily Telegraph, 30 June 2008 Police arrest 31 in teen gang crackdown SMH, 24 May 2009 Juvenile bail breaches rise SMH, 1 July 2009 Child criminals out of control Herald Sun, 9 May 2010 Juvenile crime wave Herald Sun, 10 May 2010

32 Summary Over the longer term, police data indicates more juveniles are being proceeded against by police. BUT over the shorter term, the number of juveniles being proceeded against by police is relatively stable. The most common offences juveniles commit are transport offences, property damage, shoplifting, assault, breach bail and break and enter. Juvenile offenders are mostly male, aged 15 – 17 years, and are non-Indigenous. BUT the RATE of Indigenous juvenile offending is much higher than the non-Indigenous rate.

33 Summary Highest rates of juvenile offending – - Property damage: Far West, North Western region, Camden, …Sydney, Leichhardt - Shoplifting: Richmond Tweed, Parramatta, Sydney, Botany Bay, … … v …Burwood, Hurstville - Non dv assault: Campbelltown, Sydney, North Western region - Break and enter: North and North Western regions In NSW courts in 2009, 9,374 juveniles appeared (for 21,952 charges) and over 80% were convicted. Courts mostly impose fines, probation orders, bonds and cautions. The proportion of offenders who reoffend is quite high, and this is especially so for juveniles.

34 Questions? Thanks If you want to contact the Bureau, please or phone


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