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WWII in Asia Social Studies 10 Ms. Rebecca. WWII in Asia Learning targets

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Presentation on theme: "WWII in Asia Social Studies 10 Ms. Rebecca. WWII in Asia Learning targets"— Presentation transcript:

1 WWII in Asia Social Studies 10 Ms. Rebecca

2 WWII in Asia Learning targets

3 Do Now: What was Japan like after the Great Depression? What was Japan like after the Great Depression?

4 Reminder Japan hit especially hard by the Great Depression Japan hit especially hard by the Great Depression

5 Japan hit especially hard by the Great Depression Why? Island! Needed foreign trade to support business Why? Island! Needed foreign trade to support business

6 How did Japan get fixed? Change government: MILITARY! Change government: MILITARY! Hideki Tojo Hideki Tojo Expand Japan! Get land on mainland Expand Japan! Get land on mainland

7 Change in attitude People very nationalistic People very nationalistic Japan is the BEST! Japan is the BEST! We deserve more land and power! We deserve more land and power!

8 II. Japanese Expansion A. Korea ( ) B.Manchuria (1931) C.China ( ) D. Conflict with USSR (1938) E. Indochina (1940) F. U.S warning… G. NEED OF OIL – Where? Hong Kong and Singapore NEED OF OIL – Where?NEED OF OIL – Where?

9 Japanese Expansion Reading

10 Pride in Japan! Fighting Spirit Fighting Spirit

11 Why did Japan NEED a fighting spirit? Small country Small country Wanted to show people they were serious. bravery can make up for a lack of modern weaponry Wanted to show people they were serious. bravery can make up for a lack of modern weaponry

12 Japanese Fighting Spirit In Japanese military instruction manuals the words: surrender, retreat, and defense were taken out! In Japanese military instruction manuals the words: surrender, retreat, and defense were taken out!

13 How did Japanese fight in WWII? No surrender! Fight to death! No surrender! Fight to death!

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15 What were battles against Japan like? Bloody! Bloody! Many deaths. Why do you think there were many deaths? Many deaths. Why do you think there were many deaths?

16 Bataan Death March In Philippines In Philippines 70,000 prisoners forced to march to prison camps. 21,000 Filipinos died, 600 U.S. 70,000 prisoners forced to march to prison camps. 21,000 Filipinos died, 600 U.S.

17 Reflection: How did the Japanese fight? How did the Japanese fight? What was Japan like after the Great Depression? What was Japan like after the Great Depression?

18 Lesson 2: Why did Japan Attack the U.S.? Do now: Do now: Why did Japan want to take over territory in Southeast Asia? Why did Japan want to take over territory in Southeast Asia?

19 Do Now: What is a kamikaze pilot? What is a kamikaze pilot? What word was taken out of the training book for Japanese soldiers? What word was taken out of the training book for Japanese soldiers? What did the U.S. tell Japan they needed to stop doing if they wanted to continue to trade with the U.S.? What did the U.S. tell Japan they needed to stop doing if they wanted to continue to trade with the U.S.?

20 Resources S.E. Asia had many important resources like oil and rubber to supply the military. S.E. Asia had many important resources like oil and rubber to supply the military.

21 How did the U.S. feel about the Japanese taking over land in S.E. Asia? Upset! Upset! The U.S. banned sale of oil to Japan to slow Japans military progress. The U.S. banned sale of oil to Japan to slow Japans military progress.

22 Japans response Plan SECRET attack! Plan SECRET attack!

23 Pearl Harbor U.S. Naval Base in Hawaii U.S. Naval Base in Hawaii

24 Pearl Harbor plane

25 Japan Attacked! December 7, 1941 December 7, 1941 Sneak attack Sneak attack

26 Damage 2,400 Americans died 2,400 Americans died 200+ aircrafts destroyed 200+ aircrafts destroyed 8 battle ships destroyed 8 battle ships destroyed Only 3 aircraft carriers survived Only 3 aircraft carriers survived

27 Effects of the attack U.S. joins the War on the Allied side U.S. joins the War on the Allied side Later: racism against Japanese who are LIVING IN U.S.A. Later: racism against Japanese who are LIVING IN U.S.A.

28 Racism

29 Fears of racism against Japanese still exist today! nal/story?id=81050&page=1 nal/story?id=81050&page=1

30 Height of Japanese Empire Reading

31 Lesson 3: U.S. Racism against Japanese IN U.S.A. Do Now: Do Now: What is racism? How were the Nazis racist? Do you think there are other examples of people being racist during WWII? What is racism? How were the Nazis racist? Do you think there are other examples of people being racist during WWII?

32 After the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor…..

33 How do you think Americans felt about Japanese people?

34 Americans worried about Japanese Many Americans believed that Japanese people living in America may take the side of Japan. Many Americans believed that Japanese people living in America may take the side of Japan.

35 Background Many Japanese moved to the U.S. from around Many Japanese moved to the U.S. from around About 200,000 to Hawaii About 200,000 to Hawaii 180,000 to mainland 180,000 to mainland

36 Very successful Built businesses, churches, social organizations Built businesses, churches, social organizations

37 Other Americans didnt like it Felt like Japanese were taking over Felt like Japanese were taking over Led to prejudice Led to prejudice

38 Anti-Japanese Movement Discriminatory laws Discriminatory laws Japanese born in Japan coming to the U.S. CANT: Japanese born in Japan coming to the U.S. CANT: 1. Become U.S. Citizens 1. Become U.S. Citizens 2. Own land 2. Own land 3. Marry white people 3. Marry white people 4. Send their children to white schools 4. Send their children to white schools

39 Immigration Act of 1924 NO MORE Japanese immigration into the U.S. NO MORE Japanese immigration into the U.S.

40 Japanese Americans (people born IN the U.S.) More AMERICAN than Japanese (spoke English, did well in school) More AMERICAN than Japanese (spoke English, did well in school) STILL discriminated against STILL discriminated against

41 After attack on Pearl Harbor Over 5,500 Japanese men taken from their homes and sent to internment camps. Over 5,500 Japanese men taken from their homes and sent to internment camps. Most were imprisoned with NO EVIDENCE that they were a threat to U.S. Security Most were imprisoned with NO EVIDENCE that they were a threat to U.S. Security

42 Mass Removal of U.S. Citizens Feb 19, 1942: U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt signed orders for over 110,000 people to be taken from their homes and sent to prison camps based only on their race. Feb 19, 1942: U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt signed orders for over 110,000 people to be taken from their homes and sent to prison camps based only on their race.

43 Mass Removal of U.S. Citizens No hearings No hearings Over 2/3 were U.S. citizens (born in the U.S.) Over 2/3 were U.S. citizens (born in the U.S.) Over ½ were children Over ½ were children

44 Do Now: If ½ were children, do you think they were a threat to national security?? If ½ were children, do you think they were a threat to national security?? Why were they sent to a camp if they werent a threat? Why were they sent to a camp if they werent a threat?

45 Fun family fact In Hawaii (the place where the Japanese bombed in the first place) NO Japanese were sent from their homes In Hawaii (the place where the Japanese bombed in the first place) NO Japanese were sent from their homes

46 Camps Over 60 camps in the U.S. Over 60 camps in the U.S. Different camps for people of different threat Different camps for people of different threat

47 Results Send all Japanese people living in America to Internment Camps Send all Japanese people living in America to Internment Camps

48 Life in Japanese Internment Camps Check out the following website: Check out the following website: ame/index.html ame/index.html

49 Japanese Internment Interactive Exhibit Go to the following website and follow along with the class as we fill in a worksheet to learn about the experiences of the Japanese living in America during WWII. Go to the following website and follow along with the class as we fill in a worksheet to learn about the experiences of the Japanese living in America during WWII. ectunion/experience/index.html ectunion/experience/index.html

50 Artwork made about Japanese Internment Camps:

51

52 What does the internment camp remind you of?

53 What is ironic about the U.S. making internment camps at home………… While trying to close concentration camps in Europe? While trying to close concentration camps in Europe? Answer on a separate sheet of paper Answer on a separate sheet of paper

54 Resolutions? Camps closed because they couldnt be legally justified Camps closed because they couldnt be legally justified

55 After release of prisoners Majority only given $25 and a one way ticket home. Majority only given $25 and a one way ticket home. Many returned to find their homes vandalized and a lot of their stuff was stolen Many returned to find their homes vandalized and a lot of their stuff was stolen

56 Japanese American Soldiers During WWII some Japanese Americans fought for the U.S. in segregated troops. - STILL returned to the U.S. to racism.

57 New resolutions Feb Hearings about the injustice against the Japanese. Feb Hearings about the injustice against the Japanese. Ruled: the broad historical causes which shaped the decisions to imprison people of Japanese ancestry were race prejudice, war hysteria and a failure of political leadership. Ruled: the broad historical causes which shaped the decisions to imprison people of Japanese ancestry were race prejudice, war hysteria and a failure of political leadership.

58 The causes which (led to Japanese imprisonment) were race prejudice, war hysteria and a failure of political leadership. - Answer the following question to turn in before you leave: - 1. What is race prejudice and how did it lead to the imprisonment of the Japanese in internment camps? What is hysteria? - 2. What do you think war hysteria is and how did it lead to the imprisonment of the Japanese in internment camps?

59 Homework The Yasutake Story Worksheet The Yasutake Story Worksheet Go to this website: Go to this website: xml

60 Do Now America is known as The Land of the Free America is known as The Land of the Free They entered WWII to help gain freedom for persecuted Jews. After learning about the Japanese Internment camps what do you think about America being The Land of the Free? Do you agree with this quote? Why or why not? They entered WWII to help gain freedom for persecuted Jews. After learning about the Japanese Internment camps what do you think about America being The Land of the Free? Do you agree with this quote? Why or why not?

61 Lesson 4: End of the war in Asia Do Now: Do Now: If you could end a war VERY quickly but you knew that MANY people would die, would you do it? If you could end a war VERY quickly but you knew that MANY people would die, would you do it?

62 Final Battles in the Pacific

63 Battle of the Midway June 1942 June 1942 Midway= island in the Pacific Midway= island in the Pacific U.S. military base there U.S. military base there Japanese attacked Japanese attacked U.S. broke secret Japanese code so they knew when/where they would attack. U.S. broke secret Japanese code so they knew when/where they would attack. The Japanese navy lost four aircrafts carriers and many excellent pilots. The Japanese navy lost four aircrafts carriers and many excellent pilots.

64 Battle Of Iwo Jima Feb 1945 Feb 1945 Japanese Island 750 miles south of Tokyo Japanese Island 750 miles south of Tokyo 1 month 1 month

65 Why did the U.S. want Iwo Jima? The U.S. wanted land closer to Japan to base so they didnt have to travel so far to attack Japan. The U.S. wanted land closer to Japan to base so they didnt have to travel so far to attack Japan.

66 Damage of Iwo Jima 7,000 U.S. soldiers killed 7,000 U.S. soldiers killed Over 20,000 Japanese died Over 20,000 Japanese died

67 Why do you think so many more Japanese soldiers died?

68 Trained to fight to the death, even if they know they will lose. All but 1,000 Japanese soldiers on the island were killed. All but 1,000 Japanese soldiers on the island were killed.

69 Another example Battle of Okinawa Battle of Okinawa Island 300 miles from Japan Island 300 miles from Japan 3 months 3 months

70 Battle of Okinawa Damage: Damage: 12,000 U.S. soldiers 12,000 U.S. soldiers Over 100,000 Japanese died Over 100,000 Japanese died

71 Effects of bloody battles U.S. didnt want to fight anymore U.S. didnt want to fight anymore They needed to fight on the main Japanese islands but they didnt want more bloody deaths. They needed to fight on the main Japanese islands but they didnt want more bloody deaths. Solution? Solution?

72 Atomic Bomb!

73 How does it work? Split atoms Split atoms Destroys entire cities in the blink of an eye. Destroys entire cities in the blink of an eye.

74 Pros of dropping the bomb: Ends battles FAST! Ends battles FAST! No American Soldiers will die No American Soldiers will die Battles are ALREADY bloody and deadly, whos to say that more people WOULDNT die in a battle? Battles are ALREADY bloody and deadly, whos to say that more people WOULDNT die in a battle?

75 Cons Devastates Japan Devastates Japan Destroys entire Japanese cities and kills MANY innocent Japanese people. Destroys entire Japanese cities and kills MANY innocent Japanese people.

76 So what happened? July 26, Allies DEMAND Japanese surrender July 26, Allies DEMAND Japanese surrender Japan: NO! Japan: NO!

77 U.S. drops bomb on Japan Hiroshima Hiroshima 70,000+ killed instantly 70,000+ killed instantly 1000s of buildings destroyed 1000s of buildings destroyed

78 U.S. drops bomb on Japan JAPAN STILL DOESNT SURRENDER! JAPAN STILL DOESNT SURRENDER!

79 ANOTHER BOMB! On Nagasaki On Nagasaki August 9, 1945 August 9, ,000 die instantly +75,000 die instantly

80 More die from radiation poisoning 10s of thousands! 10s of thousands!

81 Japanese FINALLY surrender August 15, 1945 VJ DAY August 15, 1945 VJ DAY (Victory in Japan Day) (Victory in Japan Day)

82 Read by yourself and answer the following questions due next time!: 1. In which places were the main battles in the Pacific fought? 1. In which places were the main battles in the Pacific fought? 2. How many Japanese died in the Battle of Iwo Jima? 2. How many Japanese died in the Battle of Iwo Jima? 3. How many people were killed on Okinawa? What was battle like there? 3. How many people were killed on Okinawa? What was battle like there? 4. What did America START to do after the Battle of Okinawa? 4. What did America START to do after the Battle of Okinawa? 5. Why do you think American President Truman decided to drop the atomic bomb on Japan? What was he trying to avoid? 5. Why do you think American President Truman decided to drop the atomic bomb on Japan? What was he trying to avoid? 6. Where was the atomic bomb dropped? When did Japan finally surrender? 6. Where was the atomic bomb dropped? When did Japan finally surrender?

83 Reflection: What do you think? Should the U.S. have dropped atomic bombs on Japan? Should the U.S. have dropped atomic bombs on Japan? special/trinity/supplement/procon. html special/trinity/supplement/procon. html


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