Presentation on theme: "Get the handout from the front desk, this is all you will need today. Bell Ringer – complete on your handout Lecture Notes via questions Pacific Theater."— Presentation transcript:
Get the handout from the front desk, this is all you will need today. Bell Ringer – complete on your handout Lecture Notes via questions Pacific Theater Activity – you MUST complete 3 of the 4! Read both selections and chose 1only! View parts of, Letters From Iwo Jima, directed by Clint Eastwood.
War on the Seas
1. What was the invasion of France, to push out the Germans, called? 2. Name the countries of the Axis Powers.
Japans military had become powerful by 1931 and invaded Chinas Manchurian region for resources. Japanese considered invasion their only option to save their economically failing nation. We are like a great crowd of people packed into a small and narrow room, and there are only three doors through which we might escape, namely emigration, advance into world markets, and expansion of territory. The first door…has been barred to us by the anti-Japanese policies of other countries. The second door…is being pushed shut by tariff barriers…Japan should rush upon the last door. -Hashimoto Kingoro Military leader
Emperor of Japan Only a figure head once Japan becomes a full militaristic state during WWII.
Prime Minister Many believe he was responsible for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Land for population Resources for food and industrialism Chinese ports to control trade To show Japanese military power
China petitioned the League of Nations for assistance with Japanese invasion. League ordered Japan to withdraw from Manchuria. Japan withdrew from League of Nations instead and continued to build its military and industry. Invaded southern Chinese cities in 1937, killing over 200,000 and engaging in mass brutality.
European territories in Asia left defenseless due to war in Europe. In 1940, Japan proclaimed their plan to establish the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere. (Plan for Japan to take control of Asian territories instead of Europeans)
U.S responded to Japanese actions with sanctions and bans on Japanese materials. Japan responded by signing Tripartite Pact with Germany and Italy.
December 7, 1941 "Yesterday, December 7, a date which will live in infamy -- the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by the naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan. -President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Japanese took early gains of many Pacific islands by Australia was able to defend its territory from Japanese, leaving it as significant point for Allies.
Hatred and discrimination against Japanese common in United States. Laws and restrictions on Japanese placed due to Americans feeling Asians inferior. Examine the following political cartoons from WWII. (Some are created by Dr. Seuss!) For each political cartoon, determine how the United States felt about Japan and those of Japanese decent during WWII.
What emotions are seen or assumed in the cartoons and propaganda? Why would America feel this way about Japan? What historical events led the U.S. to have a dislike for the Japanese? Was the American hatred of the Japanese justified? Why or why not? Take a look at what happened in America as a response to the war with Japan. Determine…Were the American actions against Japanese-Americans justified? Why or why not?
Island Hopping campaign started in 1943 to retake control of the Pacific. U.S. used Hawaii and Australia as initial supply posts until new territories taken. Islands taken one-by-one until U.S. controlled Pacific region.
Air attacks and kamikaze pilots went after American transport ships. Suicide missions, but considered very honorable by Japanese heritage.
U.S. controlled most Pacific islands, but not mainland Japan. Japan was asked for surrender by United States military. U.S. also concerned about establishing a powerful world image at time. August 6, 1945 – bombing of Hiroshima August 9, 1945 – bombing of Nagasaki 200,000 initial deaths from bombs Many deaths followed due to radiation V-J (Victory in Japan) Day declared on September 2, 1945 with World War Two officially over.
December 7, 1941 a date which will live in infamy Sank USS Arizona
June 1942 US found out that the Japanese were going to attack this naval base The US surprised them by being there first. Turning point in Pacific
February 19-March 26, 1945 Island of Iwo Jima (near Japan) Part of the island- hopping strategy US victory
You will need your own paper. You will need a book. You will have 10 minutes with each prompt. Read both choices then chose ONE to complete. Each assignment is worth 10 points. You must have 3 of the 4 completed to receive full credit. If you do 4 of 4 you will receive +15 extra credit points.
1. Knowing this is directed by Clint Eastwood; what makes this movie unusual from the start? 2. Why do you think Eastwood chose this way to tell the story? 3. What is the relationship between the soldiers and their commanding officer? 4.Do the Japanese soldiers support the idea of defending Iwo Jima? How do you know this? 5. What makes the new commanding officer unique?
1. What is the turning point in the Pacific Theater? 2. What is island hopping? 3. During which battle was this picture below taken?