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The Creation/Evolution Debate. Topics What is critical thinking? 10 logical fallacies An amazing case study in deception Amazing creatures What is critical.

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Presentation on theme: "The Creation/Evolution Debate. Topics What is critical thinking? 10 logical fallacies An amazing case study in deception Amazing creatures What is critical."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Creation/Evolution Debate

2 Topics What is critical thinking? 10 logical fallacies An amazing case study in deception Amazing creatures What is critical thinking? 10 logical fallacies An amazing case study in deception Amazing creatures

3 Thinking About Thinking! Critical thinking is the art of thinking about your thinking while you are thinking in order to make your thinking better What did he say?

4 The Purpose of Critical Thinking Achieve understanding Evaluate view points Solve problems Achieve understanding Evaluate view points Solve problems The purpose of critical thinking is to: Critical thinking involves the use of questioning or inquiry techniques This is why evolutionists do not want critical thinking in the biology class

5 10 tactics and logical fallacies used to discredit creation and promote evolutionism P ART 1

6 Fuzzy Words We believe, we think Given enough time, it will happen Might work Must have… We believe, we think Given enough time, it will happen Might work Must have… Those life forms must have evolved in the absence of oxygen,… Biology, Miller and Levine, 2002, p Those life forms must have evolved in the absence of oxygen,… Biology, Miller and Levine, 2002, p Could possibly have been My guess is Seems like Could possibly have been My guess is Seems like 1 1

7 Half Truth Half true and half false Often more effective than the complete lie Half true and half false Often more effective than the complete lie The Second Law of Thermodynamics only applies to isolated systems, so it is not relevant to evolution, because the earth is an open system. 2 2

8 Bandwagon All scientists accept evolution No real scientist accepts creation All scientists accept evolution No real scientist accepts creation The appeal to everyone agrees

9 Ridicule Attempting to provoke a dislike against a person or idea by name-calling Creationists are troglodytes and flat-earthers. 4 4

10 Either-Or Fallacy Presenting only one possible solution when others are justified If we teach creation then we will have to teach every other creation myth. 5 5

11 Analogy Improperly drawing parallels while ignoring pertinent differences Evolution is a fact like digestion or gravity. 6 6

12 Forgetting that it is your responsibility to prove a claim, not your opponents to disprove it. The claim that creation has no proof and therefore should not be taught, when evolution has never been proven or is even capable of proof. 7 7 Shifting the Burden of Proof

13 Equivocation Confusing the issue by using vague terms or changing the definitions of words Changing the definition of science to support only evolution Not defining terms such as natural selection or microevolution 8 8

14 Bluffing Appearing to know more than you do Making the claim that the fossil record is full of transitional fossils Dinosaurs evolved into birds. 9 9

15 Appeasement The appeal that we're not really so different Most religions dont have a problem with evolution. 10

16 Lucy and the Australopithecines

17 Critical Thinking What we see and read in textbooks is not always what was found or real

18 Pictures and Reality Artistic conception Australopithecus africanus Australopithecus africanus What do you notice about this picture?

19 Evolutionary Preconception I wanted to get a human soul into this ape-like face, to indicate something about where he was headed. John Gurche, artist, National Geographic, March, 1996 p. 109.

20 Lucy: Two Questions What was found? Did Lucy walk upright? What was found? Did Lucy walk upright? Note: Lucy is our ancestor

21 What Was Found? Lucy discovered in 1974 About 40% of the fossil was found Claimed to be 3.5 million years old Claimed bipedal Lucy discovered in 1974 About 40% of the fossil was found Claimed to be 3.5 million years old Claimed bipedal

22 Lucy No foot bones

23 Did Lucy Walk Upright 1. The rib cage 2. The pelvis 3. Leg and foot bones 1. The rib cage 2. The pelvis 3. Leg and foot bones To determine if Lucy walked upright three areas of anatomy can be examined

24 Rib Cage Ape ribs are conical shaped Human ribs are barrel-like Ape ribs are conical shaped Human ribs are barrel-like Human: Barrel-like Ape: Conical shape

25 Lucys Rib Cage I noticed that the ribs [Lucy] were more round in cross-section, more like what you see in apes. Human ribs are flatter in cross-section. But the shape of the rib cage itself was the biggest surprise of all. The human rib cage is barrel shaped, and I just couldnt get Lucys ribs to fit this kind of shape. I noticed that the ribs [Lucy] were more round in cross-section, more like what you see in apes. Human ribs are flatter in cross-section. But the shape of the rib cage itself was the biggest surprise of all. The human rib cage is barrel shaped, and I just couldnt get Lucys ribs to fit this kind of shape. Peter Schmid (paleontologist at the Anthropological Institute in Zurich) Quoted from Origins reconsidered: In Search of What Makes Us Human by Richard Leakey and Roger Lewin

26 Lucys Rib Cage In Lucys case, her ribs are conical, like those found in apes. Brad Harrub (Ph.D. Anatomy and Neurobiology) and Bert Thompson (Ph.D. Microbiology), The Truth About Human Origins, 2003, p. 47. Human Lucy

27 Chimp vs. Human Pelvis Chimp Human

28 Lucys Pelvis The marked resemblance of AL (Lucy) to the chimpanzee is equally obvious… It suggests to us that the mechanism of lateral pelvic balance during bipedalism was closer to that in apes than in humans. The marked resemblance of AL (Lucy) to the chimpanzee is equally obvious… It suggests to us that the mechanism of lateral pelvic balance during bipedalism was closer to that in apes than in humans. J. Stern & R. Sussman, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 1983, pp. 291 & 292. J. Stern & R. Sussman, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 1983, pp. 291 & 292.

29 Knee Joint of A. afarensis 15° carrying angle (valgus) Human = 9° Gorilla = 0° Chimp = 0° 15° carrying angle (valgus) Human = 9° Gorilla = 0° Chimp = 0° Orangutan = 9° Spider monkey = 9° Critical Thinking

30 How Evolution Hinders Critical Thinking and Science Rib cage Pelvis Carrying angle Lucy could NOT walk upright Footprints in History

31 Apes and Humans – a Test Which footprint is human? Human

32 Laetoli Footprints Footprints discovered in 1978 in Laetoli, Tanzania. The footprints were dated at 3.5 million years old. Who made these footprints?

33 Ape and Human Footprints Ape (Lucy) Ape (Lucy) Human Laetoli footprint Human Shape

34 Human Footprints The uneroded footprints show a total morphological pattern like seen in modern humans. Tim White, Evolutionary Implications of Pliocene Hominid Footprints, Science, April 1989, p Who made these footprints?

35 Lucys Feet …anatomist Dr. Charles Oxnard has shown that the big toe [Lucys] actually sticks out as in chimpanzees. David Catchpoole, Ph.D., New evidence: Lucy was a knuckle-walker, asp

36 A Dilemma The footprints in Tanzania are human in shape Lucys feet are ape-like The footprints in Tanzania are human in shape Lucys feet are ape-like The footprints are 3.5 million years old therefore they cannot be made by humans What will the evolutionists do?

37 Drawing from Life: The Science of Biology, Purves, Orians, and Heller, 1992, p Lucy: What Nice Feet You Have

38 Lucy: Saint Louis Museum Human foot on Lucy

39 Evolution Rejects the Evidence Professor Betsy Schumann, evolutionist expert, admits that the statue's feet probably are not accurate, but when asked whether the statue should be changed, she says, Absolutely not.

40 Confusion about Lucy Anatomical evidence indicates that A. afarensis was bipedal… …some anthropologists are convinced by the anatomical evidence that A. afarensis was not a modern biped. Anatomical evidence indicates that A. afarensis was bipedal… …some anthropologists are convinced by the anatomical evidence that A. afarensis was not a modern biped. Robert Boyd and Joan Silk, (professors of anthropology), How Humans Evolved, 2000, pp Why the confusion? Why arent students told about this?

41 10 Unique Characteristics 1.Fine balance 2.Flat face 3.Upright skull 4.Straight back 5.Fully extendable hip joints 6.Angled femur bones 7.Fully extendable knee joints 8.Long legs 9.Arched feet 10.Strong big toes 1.Fine balance 2.Flat face 3.Upright skull 4.Straight back 5.Fully extendable hip joints 6.Angled femur bones 7.Fully extendable knee joints 8.Long legs 9.Arched feet 10.Strong big toes

42 Textbooks and Accuracy Biology: The Web of Life, Teeth 3 Flatter face 2 Eye socket

43 Amazing Creatures That Defy Evolution Amazing Creatures That Defy Evolution

44 Giraffe

45 Leviathan Out of his mouth go burning lamps, and sparks of fire leap out. Job 41:19

46 Bombardier Beetle Chemical storage chamber

47 Woodpecker Hard beak Special tail feathers Special cartilage Tongue Barbs Glue Long Hard beak Special tail feathers Special cartilage Tongue Barbs Glue Long

48 Chuckwalla Lizard

49 Chuckwalla Table Manners Chuckwalla and salt Pass the pepper and chuckwalla please

50 Chicken Egg Each shell has about 10,000 tiny holes or pores Question: How does the chicken form a shell around a soft, messy egg and design the shell with pores? Blood vessels Each shell has about 10,000 tiny holes or pores Question: How does the chicken form a shell around a soft, messy egg and design the shell with pores? Blood vessels

51 Chicken Egg Nineteenth day the chick is too big The egg-tooth Each step of the chicks development defies evolutionary thinking

52 True Science The history of astronomy The history of geology The history of biology The history of anthropology The history of astronomy The history of geology The history of biology The history of anthropology

53 Tuning Up Our Baloney Detector Lets go baloney hunting False information Misleading information Deception by omission Pure baloney False information Misleading information Deception by omission Pure baloney

54 Another important find was the footprints of a group of bipedal animals… They reveal small but very humanlike feet,… Another important find was the footprints of a group of bipedal animals… They reveal small but very humanlike feet,… Biology: Visualizing Life, Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1998, p Baloney Detector Baloney Baloney

55 Lucys leg bones indicate that she must have walked upright. She stood about 1 m (3 ft) tall. Biology: Principles and Explorations, Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 2001, p Baloney Detector Baloney

56 Some 3.7 million years ago, several bipedal (upright-walking) human animals of the species Australopithecus afarensis left footprints in damp volcanic ash in what is now Tanzania in East Africa. Biology: Concepts and Connections, 2000, p Baloney Detector Baloney

57 But all researchers agree on certain basic facts. We know, for example, that humans evolved from ancestors we share with other living primates such as chimpanzees and apes. Biology, Miller and Levine, Prentice Hall, 2000, p Baloney Detector Baloney Baloney

58 Artists depiction of an australopithecine family Biology Concepts and Connections, Campbell, Mitchell, and Reece, 2000, p Artists depiction of an australopithecine family Biology Concepts and Connections, Campbell, Mitchell, and Reece, 2000, p Baloney Baloney Detector

59 An animal dies and sinks into shallow water. Prentice hall, Science Explorer: Earth Science, 2002 Baloney Baloney Detector

60 … laying the foundation for cellular biochemistry. Astrochemical analysis hint that quantities of these compounds might have originated in space and fallen to earth in comets, a scenario that may solve the problem of how these constituents arose under the conditions that prevailed when our planet was young. Scientific American, July, 2002 Baloney Detector Baloney Baloney UN-

61 Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ Colossians 2:8 (A Warning)

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63 Heaven and earth shall pass away: but my words shall not pass away. Matthew 24:35, Mark 13:31, Luke 21:33

64 AiG Web Address Over 1,000 Articles


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