2 Main Idea and connection Paleolithic people adapted to their environment and invented many tools to help them survive.What do you view as the greatest human achievement?
3 Frozen Body Alps Frozen Body No Written Records Iceman Covered for thousands of yearsClothing, tools and well preserved body give clues to life and deathLived 5,000 years ago about 3,000BCMade of stitched animal skinsCommunity skilled in sewingCopper AxCopper first metal used by europeans- 4,000 BCNo Written RecordsAble to determine from items foundTen years later found arrowhead buried in chest
5 History History is: Story of humans in the past Historians What people did and what happened to themHistoriansStudy and write about the human past.Define history asPeriod of time that began after people learned to write (5.500 years ago)Pre-History= before history (writing)
6 Tools of discovery We learn about people by what they left behind Anthropologists- focus on human societyStudy how humans developed and how they related to one anotherArcheologist- hunt for evidence buried in the groundArtifacts- weapons, tools and other thingsFossils- traces of plants or animals preserved in rockSize of spear made from flint = type of gameBigger= larger and heavier
7 Written and Oral History Study written record of human life and accomplishmentsWars, religion, rulersCompare against other societies at the same timeOral TraditionStories passed down by word of mouthFamily history, stories of heroes or events of pastNot always historically accurateMyths, legends
8 Louis and Mary Leakey British archaeologists Son RichardMost famous fossil huntersConvinced scientists and anthropologistsHuman ancestors first lived in East Africa Millions of years ago
9 Discovery Digging in Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania Dirt deep and old Layers of dirt dating back 2 million years1940’s and 50’sLouis and Mary found hominidsCreatures walked on two legsHumans only huminids alive today1959Mary discovered skull of creature 2 million years oldDated hominids to that period1974 Donald JohnsonChicagoEntire skeleton of a female hominid in Ethiopia
10 Lucy Hominid discovered called Lucy Disproved previous ideas 3 million years oldDisproved previous ideasThought hominids lived in open plainsUsed tools to hunt, thought they had to walk to be able to carry weaponsLucy showed hominids walked long before tools
11 Tim White 1992 First humans spread out of Africa From California 4.4 million year old HominidShowed hominid walked in Africa’s junglesFirst humans spread out of AfricaIn search of food and new places to live
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