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The making of dual earning model in Finland The Economics of Gender Equality Nordic Experiences Prague 15.6.2013 Senior Researcher Tapio Bergholm.

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Presentation on theme: "The making of dual earning model in Finland The Economics of Gender Equality Nordic Experiences Prague 15.6.2013 Senior Researcher Tapio Bergholm."— Presentation transcript:

1 The making of dual earning model in Finland The Economics of Gender Equality Nordic Experiences Prague Senior Researcher Tapio Bergholm

2 Women’s employment rate in the EU in 2012, years 2

3 Female employment rate in EU 2008, years EK työmarkkinat

4 Proportion of part-time work of total employment 2012

5 Structural change of employment

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9 Committee to research the position of women  Nominated by left wing government  Political parties and trade unions represented  Birth control/ abortion  Vocational guidance/ education  Public day care for children  Government Advisory Board of Equality Matters (TANE)

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11 Legislation and institutions matter  Ratification of equal pay resolution of ILO (1951) in Finnish Parliament1962  Labour scarcity in early 1970s’ made labour market parties (social partners) to enhance together female employment  Law of public day care 1973  Separate taxation of married couples (wife and husband) from 1976  Gradual extension of day care services and rights  Women work mainly full-time i.e. over 35 hours.

12 FINLAND IS NOT A PARADISE FOR WORKING WOMEN IN YEAR 2013

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