Presentation on theme: "Tackling skills-mismatch with dual vocational training Karen Roiy, Senior Advisor."— Presentation transcript:
Tackling skills-mismatch with dual vocational training Karen Roiy, Senior Advisor
Agenda The problem of skills mismatch How to combat youth unemployment –Mobile, dynamic and open labour markets –Educational systems linked to the needs of the labour market Dual learning/work-based learning Close involvement of social partners What can EU do to help member states combat youth unemployment?
Individual perception of skills mismatch Self-reported skills mismatch in selected OECD countries, 2010
Skills mismatches from an employer perspective Anm.: How, if at all, does a lack of entry-level employee skills affect your company? Kilde: McKinsey survey, Aug–Sept 2012, 2013, Education to Employment: Getting Europes Youth into Work
Perception of skills mismatches Anm.: 1 Overall, the entry-level employees we hired in the past year have been adequately prepared by their prehire education and/or training. 2 Overall, I think I was adequately prepared for an entry-level position in my chosen career field. 3 Overall, graduates from my institution are adequately prepared for entry-level positions in their chosen field of study. Kilde: McKinsey survey, Aug–Sept 2012, 2013, Education to Employment: Getting Europes Youth into Work
The problem of skills mismatch We need a highly-skilled labour force in Europe to protect our competetiveness and maintain investments in Europe Companies will only invest in Europe if they are sure they can find labour with the right skills Due to demographic challenges it is more important than ever to make full use of the potential of the working population in Europe In spite of high youth unemployment – companies cannot find candidates with the right skills
How to combat youth unemployment? Mobile, dynamic and open labour markets Educational systems linked to the labour market
Youth Unemployment in Europe
Dual learning systems Why? –Ensure a smoother transition from education to labour market Benefits for companies: –A recruitment source –Synergies between the worlds of education and business Benefits for young people: –Becomes attractive to the labour market –High employment rate –Mobility in the labour market
The Danish dual IVET system In the Danish dual training system pupils spend roughly 2/3 of the time in a company and 1/3 in a vocational school.
Legislation Framework Content Education plan Guidelines VET governance Decision maker Product Counselor Centrally Locally Ministries Committees Parliament VET council School org. Social partnersSchool Boards Social partners involvement
What can EU do to help member states combat youth unemployment The Commission, the Parliament and many member states recognize the importance of a better link between education and business –European Alliance for Apprenticeship –(Youth guarantee) BUT: A youth guarantee will not combat youth unemployment in Europe, only: –Mobile, dynamic and open labour markets combined with –Educational systems linked to the demands of the companies will
Recommendations for STYLE Address ways to strengthen incitements to carry through necessary reforms: –E.g. the EU could set a side means (European funds) to cover initial costs for countries that wish to reform toward work-based learning/dual learning –These means could be linked to the national reform programs Recommend the EU to continue existing programs that promotes mobility such as your first EURES job Recommend the EU/OECD to develop statistics/a benchmark to measure the performance of VET systems –Employability –Share of education spend in a company –Percentage of youth generation that carries through a VET education –Etc.