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The European Women’s Lobby Working together for women’s rights and gender equality in Europe Gender issues in the Western Balkans European Economic and.

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Presentation on theme: "The European Women’s Lobby Working together for women’s rights and gender equality in Europe Gender issues in the Western Balkans European Economic and."— Presentation transcript:

1 The European Women’s Lobby Working together for women’s rights and gender equality in Europe Gender issues in the Western Balkans European Economic and Social Committee 6 May 2014 Mary Collins EWL Policy Officer

2 The situation of women in Europe Members of the European Parliament: 35% Women in national parliaments: 22% Women in national government: 26% Feminisation of poverty: 26.9% (against 24%) 22% women poor over 65 years (16% for men) 16% average gender pay gap 39% average gender pension gap 63% employment rate – close to pre-crisis levels Two-thirds of women work part-time 1 in 3 women experience male violence (physical, sexual, psychological) 1/5 women experienced rape 7 women die every day from male domestic violence 9 out of 10 women in prostitution would like to exit prostitution but feel unable to do so

3 Why a European Women’s Lobby? No real equality between women and men Discrepancies of legislation and reality Need for women’s organisations to ally, share information, develop common action Women’s voice and advocacy at European level Together, we can make a change!

4 The largest umbrella organisation of women’s associations in the EU National co-ordinations in 31 European countries and 20 Europe-wide member organisations (migrant women, women farmers, women lawyers, trade unions, etc.) Concentrating on European level, but activities range from local to international level Aim to promote women’s rights and gender equality in Europe The voice of women in Europe

5 EWL membership EWL members from the Balkans: Croatia, FYROM, Serbia

6 Working with… European Parliament European Commission Council of Ministers Advisory Bodies European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE) Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) NGOs: Social Platform, European Civil Society Contact Group

7 EWL 50/50 Campaign: No modern democracy without parity

8 EWL European Political Mentoring Network

9 #EndVAWinEurope

10 A comprehensive framework to achieve gender equality Sustainable funding for gender equality Credible EU policies on gender equality at international level Women’s economic independence Parity democracy A caring society A Europe free from violence against women Diverse in #EP2014 #EuropeanWomensVoice

11 EWL action to mobilise voters

12 2014: Challenges ahead Impact of the crisis and austerity measures on women and on women’s organisations (funding) Weakening/disappearance of institutional mechanisms for gender equality and women’s rights Climate of conservatism and anti-feminism Impact of neoliberalism & consumer society on women’s representations, roles and stereotypes Backlash against women’s rights, especially Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights

13 Challenges for women in the Balkans EP Report women’s rights in the Balkan accession countries (MEP Marije Cornelissen, Resolution May 2013) : Not fully aware of legislation and policies to promote gender equality/women’s rights Gender stereotypes, discrimination, conflict related sexual violence (rape) – access to justice, gender-based violence, domestic violence, homophobia, transphobia, women in rural areas, low employment rate of women and in political decision-making, lack of statistical information on gender equality, 30% victims cross-border trafficking from Balkans, social inclusion of Roma slowed down/halted, difficult access to sexual and reproductive health

14 Challenges for women in the Balkans Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA –II, ) should be used to promote women’s rights/gender equality Accession negotiations – agree framework agreement on involvement of civil society organisations – NB: women’s organisations – drafting of actions plans for reforms Commission – monitor/report on gender equality/mainstreaming in progress reports EU delegations – appoint staff to address gender policies

15 Challenges for women in the Balkans BIH Women’s Network – for the EU progress report 2014 – the state of women’s rights in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Law Gender Equality (most recent 2010), Gender Action Plan ( ), 40% gender quota (2013), ratified Istabul Convention Low levels of women in the labour-market (+/- 37%)– higher poverty among women Problems with different maternity leave provisions (entities/cantons) Discrimination against minorities – lack of women’s rights perspective, eg Roma, LBT – high levels of discrimination Conflict sexual violence – prevailing stigma and exclusion – CEDAW (2013) accelerate National War Crime Strategy Law

16 The impact of austerity measures on women’s rights and gender equality New EWL video clip:

17 THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!


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