Presentation on theme: "Women in agriculture: closing the gender gap Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Rome, 10 October 2013."— Presentation transcript:
Women in agriculture: closing the gender gap Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Rome, 10 October 2013
Gender roles for better food security and nutrition Women make essential contributions to food production, processing, marketing and retailing. They contribute as farmers, workers, entrepreneurs, and agents of change Women traditionally bear the primary responsibility for preparing meals and caring for children and other family members. They provide the bulk of care work in rural areas, often without pay
Female share of the agricultural labour force Source. FAOSTAT. Note: The agricultural labour force includes people who are working or looking for work in formal or informal jobs and in paid and or unpaid employment in agriculture. That includes self-employed women as well as women working on family farms. It does not include domestic chores such as fetching water and firewood, preparing food and caring for children and other family members.
Fewer women are land holders
And women typically operate smaller farms... Milk
and use less fertilizer.
Gender gaps in productivity disappear when access to productive inputs is equalized Source: WDR 2012
When women have the same access to assets, productive resources, and opportunities, as men, the productivity gaps reduce Broader social and economic benefits include: Women’s income and bargaining power within the family is linked to improved health, nutrition and education outcomes for children. Improved gender equality has a long lasting impact on economic growth by raising human capital in society. Gains from closing the gender gap for women farmers
Be aware that policies and institutions affect men and women differently Provide rural services and technologies to free-up women’s time Improve market access and putting income in women’s hands Provide nutrition education and building on women’s knowledge Food system interventions must consider women’s and men’s differentiated needs, opportunities and constraints Policies can make a difference
Susan Kaaria, Senior Officer, Gender, Equity and Rural Employment Division