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Copyright GenderFocus. Gender Equality in Sweden Anja Nordlund for ITP Human Rights towards Gender Equality, Nov 2011 Copyright GenderFocus.

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright GenderFocus. Gender Equality in Sweden Anja Nordlund for ITP Human Rights towards Gender Equality, Nov 2011 Copyright GenderFocus."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright GenderFocus

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4 Gender Equality in Sweden Anja Nordlund for ITP Human Rights towards Gender Equality, Nov 2011 Copyright GenderFocus

5 European context Late 1800, early 1900 Civil and political rights movement s, time of war, nativity crisis s, gender roles, women’s empowerment s, gender studies, gender equality legislation, gender main- streaming Copyright GenderFocus

6 Hunders hpw Hunters, housewives, parental leave Copyright GenderFocus

7 Hunters, housewives to parental leave Copyright GenderFocus

8 Hunters, house wifes to fathers’ parental leave 1921 Rigth to vote 1935 “Mother insurance” introduced 1931 Birth control allowed Until the beginning of the 1970s, women’s role was generally to be a ”house wife” Copyright GenderFocus

9 Hunters, house wife’s to fathers’ parental leave In 1971, individual taxation was introduced In the 1960s and 70s, a wide debate on women’s role Childcare was also radically expanded in the 1970s Parental insurance introduced in 1974, which allowed both men and women to take paid parental leave Copyright GenderFocus

10 Hunters, house wife’s to fathers’ parental leave 1980 law against discrimination in working life 1983 all professions open for women 1994 Sex desegregated statistics = official statistics 1995 parental leave, one month for father and mother respectively reserved (of 1 year) 2004 Gender mainstreaming plan in the government public administration Copyright GenderFocus

11 Swedish policy and institutions All ministries, state authorities, local authorities have the responsibility to promote gender equality A Ministry of Gender Equality and Integration (integrated 2010) Discrimination Ombudsman 2009 Copyright GenderFocus

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13 Women and men in parliaments in 2010 Copyright GenderFocus

14 Salary Källa: SCB 2008

15 Men and women acording to type of work, SCB 2008

16 Managment and employees Källa: SCB 2008

17 Swedish policy and institutions Every employer with more than 25 employees have to make a gender equality plan every 3 years Legal action against discrimination is supported by the ”Discrimination Ombudsman” Obligation for an employer to prevent and report sexual harassment Gender statistics = official statistics Copyright GenderFocus

18 Norms and traditions Copyright GenderFocus

19 Norms and traditions Copyright GenderFocus

20 The contemporary discussion in Sweden Violence against women Women in the private sector Gender pay gap Men’s right to equal custody of children Men’s use of parental leave More men into traditional female dominated areas and more women into male dominated areas Young persons perceptions in relation to sexuality Gender equality and diversity Copyright GenderFocus

21 Sweden’s most modern sportsteam Copyright GenderFocus

22 Welcome to Sweden!!! Copyright GenderFocus

23 Policy issues Education- free education for all, encourage girls in natural sciences, reproductive education in school, more men teachers. Key area. Health- reproductive health, a gender and medicine research center. Key area. Labour- reconciliation policies, non-traditional jobs, encourage women entrepreneurs, women in management and boards. Key area. Defence – army open for women and men, gender equality policy, 1325 Plan of Action Environment - not much developed, projects on waste management, data on transportation. Copyright GenderFocus


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