2Corporate Revolution Mergers Managerial Revolution By 1929 ½ of national wealth absorbed by top 200 corporations.Chain stores became commonSears and RoebuckManagerial RevolutionCorporate leadership began to be controlled by college-trained rather than “build the company from the ground” type (Henry Fords)Business schools openBusinesses add more layers of management.
4White Collar Workers 1920 – 1930 WCJ rose 38.1% million 1900 and 18% white collar444% by 1930Huge increase of consumer products create a need for advertising and sales people
5Women in the Work ForceTypewriter, invented by Remington Co. in 1874, significantAll typists were middle-class, high school educated and femaleNeeded to be a good speller and knowledge of grammar.Lower class men and women lacked these skills.Upper class men could get better paying jobsAlso teachers, shot clerks, cashiers, and switchboard operators57% of female work force comprised of black and foreign-born women, mostly in domestic service jobs.
6Frank Lloyd Wright Most famous architect in US history Building grown from sitesNot imitate Greek and Roman modelsGuggenheim Museum in NYC most famous.
7Sports Became house-hold names due to “image making” Babe Ruth Fans bought tickets in such numbers that Yankee Stadium became known as “the house that Ruth built”Jack DempseyHeavyweight champion knocked out French lightweight George Carpentier
8Frederick W. TaylorStarted movement to develop more efficient working methods increasing productivity which eventually led to increased wages, which led to increase profits.The Principles of Scientific Management (1911).Auto industry.Detroit emerged as the automobile capital of the world.
9Automobile ImpactReplaced the steel industry as the king industry in America.Employed about 6 million people by 1930Supported industriesPetroleum industry explodedNation’s standard of living improvedSpeedy marketing of perishable foodstuff were acceleratedHighways emergedLeisure time spent traveling
10Airplane Dec. 17, 1903 Wright Brothers (Orville and Wilbur) Flew a gasoline-powered plane 12 seconds and 120 feet at Kitty Hawk, N.C.Launched air ageAirplane used with some success in WWIAfter war Passenger lines with airmail contractsCharles Lindberg1st solo flight across the Atlantic.Spirit of St. Louis flew from NY to Paris in 39 hours and 39 minutesBecame an American icon and hero
13Impact Civilization became closely linked Railroads received yet another setback as airplanes stole passengers and mail services.Devastating effects during WWII.
14Radio Guglielmo Marconi National Broadcasting Co. organized in 1926 Italian, invented wireless telegraphy of the 1890sNational Broadcasting Co. organized in 1926Columbia Broadcasting Co. in 1927FIRST national radio networksAmos n’ AndyImpactsNew industry, nation tied together, families brought closer together, stimulated sports and advertising.
15Movies 1st real moving picture in 1903 The Great Train Robbery Hollywood becomes movie capital of the worldStarsCharlie Chaplin, Rudolph Valentino1927 first “talkie”The Jazz Singer1930s some colored films being producedEclipsed all other new forms of amusementActors and actressesHuge salaries
16Working Conditions Reduction in hours Welfare Capitalism 1923 US Steel offered its working three eight-hour shifts instead of a 12-hour shift.Welfare CapitalismAmerican Plan of BusinessIf workers were taken care of, no unions or strikes would be needed.
18Jazz After WWI (Dance music) African influenced slave spirituals grew into jubilees and the bluesA.A. fold music retained a certain melodic, harmonic, and rhythmic element that formed a common body of sound.Ragtime works became published in late 1890s considered to be the earliest jazz
20New Orleans exports Jazz Louis Armstrong: become first master improviser – some see this as the creation of jazzNew Orleans exports JazzChicago, center of Jazz, after people move from New OrleansThe center for Swing in 1930s
21Harlem Renaissance Harlem Black enclave in NYCWith about 100,000 residents in the 1920s that will grow rapidly after WWI.Harlem produced a wealth of the AA poetry, literature, art and music, expressing the pain, sorrow, and discrimination blacks felt at this time.
22Poets: Langston Hughes and Claude McKay Jazz: Duke Ellington ( ) and Cotton Club (famous night club)Piano player who formed one of most famous Jazz bands in history.
23Marcus Garvey UNIA: United Negro Improvement Association “Back to Africa Movement”Advocated black racial pride and separatism rather than integration.Native of Jamaica