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HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 1 Chapter 14 THE JAZZ AGE Section 1: Boom Times Section 2: Life in the Twenties Section.

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Presentation on theme: "HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 1 Chapter 14 THE JAZZ AGE Section 1: Boom Times Section 2: Life in the Twenties Section."— Presentation transcript:

1 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 1 Chapter 14 THE JAZZ AGE Section 1: Boom Times Section 2: Life in the Twenties Section 3: A Creative Era

2 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 2 Objectives: How did the economic boom affect consumers and American businesses? How did the economic boom affect consumers and American businesses? How did the assembly line spur the growth of the automobile industry? How did the assembly line spur the growth of the automobile industry? How did Henry Ford change working conditions during the 1920s? How did Henry Ford change working conditions during the 1920s? How did widespread automobile use affect the daily lives of many Americans? How did widespread automobile use affect the daily lives of many Americans? How did American industries encourage changes in consumer practices? How did American industries encourage changes in consumer practices? Section 1: Boom Times

3 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 3 Effects on consumers Wage increases for workers increased their purchasing power. Wage increases for workers increased their purchasing power. Increased consumer demand led to the development of new products. Increased consumer demand led to the development of new products. Electricity became more available. Electricity became more available. Section 1: Boom Times

4 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 4 Effects on business Businesses used scientific management to increase productivity. Businesses used scientific management to increase productivity. Factories became more efficient. Factories became more efficient. Section 1: Boom Times

5 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 5 The assembly line cut production time and costs cut production time and costs enabled reductions in price enabled reductions in price allowed more consumers to buy cars allowed more consumers to buy cars Section 1: Boom Times

6 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 6 Changes made by Henry Ford developed the assembly line developed the assembly line increased productivity but work became repetitive increased productivity but work became repetitive increased wages increased wages shortened the workday shortened the workday Section 1: Boom Times

7 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 7 The automobiles effect on daily lives linked rural areas to urban areas; contributed to growth of suburbs linked rural areas to urban areas; contributed to growth of suburbs use of trains and trolley cars reduced; horse-drawn vehicles replaced use of trains and trolley cars reduced; horse-drawn vehicles replaced growth in popularity of auto-touring growth in popularity of auto-touring new social opportunities for teenagers new social opportunities for teenagers reduced sense of community reduced sense of community Section 1: Boom Times

8 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 8 Changing consumer practices offering of installment plans offering of installment plans introduction of new materials and designs introduction of new materials and designs use of advertising use of advertising beginning of planned obsolescence beginning of planned obsolescence establishment of retail chain stores establishment of retail chain stores Section 1: Boom Times

9 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 9 Objectives: What impact did prohibition have on crime? What impact did prohibition have on crime? What were the characteristics of the new youth culture? What were the characteristics of the new youth culture? How did celebrities and new forms of popular entertainment help create a mass culture? How did celebrities and new forms of popular entertainment help create a mass culture? What did the religious movements of the 1920s and the Scopes trial reveal about American society? What did the religious movements of the 1920s and the Scopes trial reveal about American society? Section 2: Life in the Twenties

10 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 10 Prohibitions impact on crime Prohibition of alcohol increased crime by creating an illegal market that manifested in speakeasies, bootlegging, and people making their own liquor. Section 2: Life in the Twenties

11 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 11 Characteristics of the youth culture The new woman sought social and economic independence. The new woman sought social and economic independence. College enrollment tripled. College enrollment tripled. New fashions were worn. New fashions were worn. New leisure activities such as dance marathons and flagpole sitting became popular. New leisure activities such as dance marathons and flagpole sitting became popular. Section 2: Life in the Twenties

12 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 12 Creation of a mass culture Radio, books, and magazines allowed people to share ideas, information, and entertainment. Radio, books, and magazines allowed people to share ideas, information, and entertainment. Movies and sports gave common cultural experiences. Movies and sports gave common cultural experiences. Celebrities and heroes allowed people to share common acquaintances. Celebrities and heroes allowed people to share common acquaintances. Section 2: Life in the Twenties

13 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 13 American society Americans had different opinions about social change. Americans had different opinions about social change. There was a deep division between traditional religious values and new values based on scientific thought. There was a deep division between traditional religious values and new values based on scientific thought. There were different values about what was appropriate in movies and radio. There were different values about what was appropriate in movies and radio. Section 2: Life in the Twenties

14 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 14 Objectives: How did jazz and blues become popular nationwide? How did jazz and blues become popular nationwide? What impact did the Harlem Renaissance have on American society? What impact did the Harlem Renaissance have on American society? How did writers of the Lost Generation portray American life? How did writers of the Lost Generation portray American life? What were some of the major inspirations behind new movements in the visual arts and architecture? What were some of the major inspirations behind new movements in the visual arts and architecture? Section 3: A Creative Era

15 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 15 The popularity of jazz and blues originated in the South originated in the South spread nationwide as musicians moved north spread nationwide as musicians moved north began to be played by white musicians also began to be played by white musicians also popularized in jazz clubs and by big bands popularized in jazz clubs and by big bands Section 3: A Creative Era

16 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 16 Impact of the Harlem Renaissance source of pride for African Americans source of pride for African Americans new respect for black theater new respect for black theater celebration of ethnic identity celebration of ethnic identity exposure of African American struggles exposure of African American struggles Section 3: A Creative Era

17 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 17 Life as portrayed by the Lost Generation writers War was devastating and useless. War was devastating and useless. College life was superficial. College life was superficial. Pursuit of wealth and status led to emptiness. Pursuit of wealth and status led to emptiness. Middle-class life was empty and required conformity. Middle-class life was empty and required conformity. Section 3: A Creative Era

18 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 18 Inspirations for the visual arts and architecture urban and industrial settings urban and industrial settings nobility of workers nobility of workers tyranny of the wealthy tyranny of the wealthy Sullivans ideas about form and function Sullivans ideas about form and function Frank Lloyd Wrights prairie style Frank Lloyd Wrights prairie style Section 3: A Creative Era


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