Presentation on theme: "The American Nation In the Modern Era"— Presentation transcript:
1The American Nation In the Modern Era 3/31/2017Chapter 14 THE JAZZ AGESection 1: Boom TimesSection 2: Life in the TwentiesSection 3: A Creative EraCHAPTER 14--THE JAZZ AGE
2The American Nation In the Modern Era 3/31/2017Section 1: Boom TimesObjectives:How did the economic boom affect consumers and American businesses?How did the assembly line spur the growth of the automobile industry?How did Henry Ford change working conditions during the 1920s?How did widespread automobile use affect the daily lives of many Americans?How did American industries encourage changes in consumer practices?CHAPTER 14--THE JAZZ AGE
3Effects on consumers Section 1: Boom Times Wage increases for workers increased their purchasing power.Increased consumer demand led to the development of new products.Electricity became more available.
4Effects on business Section 1: Boom Times Businesses used scientific management to increase productivity.Factories became more efficient.
5The assembly line Section 1: Boom Times cut production time and costs enabled reductions in priceallowed more consumers to buy cars
6Changes made by Henry Ford Section 1: Boom TimesChanges made by Henry Forddeveloped the assembly lineincreased productivity but work became repetitiveincreased wagesshortened the workday
7The automobile’s effect on daily lives Section 1: Boom TimesThe automobile’s effect on daily liveslinked rural areas to urban areas; contributed to growth of suburbsuse of trains and trolley cars reduced; horse-drawn vehicles replacedgrowth in popularity of auto-touringnew social opportunities for teenagersreduced sense of community
8Changing consumer practices Section 1: Boom TimesChanging consumer practicesoffering of installment plansintroduction of new materials and designsuse of advertisingbeginning of planned obsolescenceestablishment of retail chain stores
9Objectives: Section 2: Life in the Twenties What impact did prohibition have on crime?What were the characteristics of the new youth culture?How did celebrities and new forms of popular entertainment help create a mass culture?What did the religious movements of the 1920s and the Scopes trial reveal about American society?
10Prohibition’s impact on crime Section 2: Life in the TwentiesProhibition’s impact on crimeProhibition of alcohol increased crime by creating an illegal market that manifested in speakeasies, bootlegging, and people making their own liquor.
11Characteristics of the youth culture Section 2: Life in the TwentiesCharacteristics of the youth cultureThe “new woman” sought social and economic independence.College enrollment tripled.New fashions were worn.New leisure activities such as dance marathons and flagpole sitting became popular.
12Creation of a mass culture Section 2: Life in the TwentiesCreation of a mass cultureRadio, books, and magazines allowed people to share ideas, information, and entertainment.Movies and sports gave common cultural experiences.Celebrities and heroes allowed people to share common acquaintances.
13American society Section 2: Life in the Twenties Americans had different opinions about social change.There was a deep division between traditional religious values and new values based on scientific thought.There were different values about what was appropriate in movies and radio.
14Objectives: Section 3: A Creative Era How did jazz and blues become popular nationwide?What impact did the Harlem Renaissance have on American society?How did writers of the Lost Generation portray American life?What were some of the major inspirations behind new movements in the visual arts and architecture?
15The popularity of jazz and blues Section 3: A Creative EraThe popularity of jazz and bluesoriginated in the Southspread nationwide as musicians moved northbegan to be played by white musicians alsopopularized in jazz clubs and by big bands
16Impact of the Harlem Renaissance Section 3: A Creative EraImpact of the Harlem Renaissancesource of pride for African Americansnew respect for black theatercelebration of ethnic identityexposure of African American struggles
17Life as portrayed by the Lost Generation writers Section 3: A Creative EraLife as portrayed by the Lost Generation writersWar was devastating and useless.College life was superficial.Pursuit of wealth and status led to emptiness.Middle-class life was empty and required conformity.
18Inspirations for the visual arts and architecture Section 3: A Creative EraInspirations for the visual arts and architectureurban and industrial settingsnobility of workerstyranny of the wealthySullivan’s ideas about form and functionFrank Lloyd Wright’s “prairie style”