3 2. Define State of Nature No Government No protection of natural rights
4 3. Life Difficult in a State of Nature No protection for those who are weakerIn a constant state of survival
5 4. Define Social Contract Agreement to give up some liberties to a government in exchange for protection of natural rights
6 5. Popular SovereigntyPopular Sovereignty - the people have the power ; The Right of Gov’t to exist comes from the people
7 6. Baron De MontesquieuSeparation of Powers – separate government into 3 branches to keep the gov’t from becoming abusive
8 7. LegislatureLaw making body of gov’tIn Great Britain - Parliament
9 8. Separation of PowersLimits the power/ability of gov’t
10 9. Important to Limit Gov’t So that it cannot become abusive
11 10. Thomas Hobbes Social Contract People allow rulers that will protect their rights
12 11.Baron de MontesquieuSeparation of Powers3 branches of government
13 12. VoltaireRight to freedom of political speech, religion, etc.
14 13. Jean-Jacques Rousseau Popular SovereigntyCitizens
15 14. Magna CartaCreated by the barons and signed by King John
16 15. Peasants and Barons Peasants – Poor Farmers Barons – Upper class rich aristocrats; nobility
17 16. Effect of the Magna Carta Limited the power of the King
18 17. Significance of Mayflower Compact First written plan of government in AmericaSet example for the Declaration of Independence/Constitution
19 18. Necessity of Mayflower Compact Stop mutiny among the Pilgrims/Puritans
20 19. Written and SignedThe 41 men of the Mayflower ship
21 20. Direct and Representative Democracy Direct Democracy – all are involved in running the communityRepresentative Democracy - Leaders are elected to run the community
22 21. Which is which? Jamestown – Representative Democracy Plymouth Colony – Direct Democracy
23 22. Glorious RevolutionWhen Parliament forced King James II from throne and gave it to William and Mary(Mary was the daughter of James II)1688
24 23-25. English Bill of Rights No prison without due process (following proper procedures)No loss of property without due processNo cruel PunishmentNo standing army in peacetimeNo taxes without ParliamentRight to bear armsFreedom of Speech in ParliamentYes, we have all of these today!
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