2 John Locke People born w/ 3 natural rights (life, liberty & property) Created social contract theory of government:People agree to obey government as long as government protects rightsIf government violates rights, can overthrow it
3 Montesquieu Republican government gives citizens power to govern Created idea of “separation of powers”Government divided into 3 separate branches
4 MontesquieuPrevents one from becoming too powerfulChecks & balances
5 Quick Check Partner A Partner B What natural rights did Locke preach about?What was the social contract theory of government?Partner BWhat type of government was Montesquieu an advocate for?What was the purpose of the separation of powers & checks and balances
6 Magna Carta English charter limiting powers of King Nobility & king have to obey all lawsNobility can overthrow king if he broke lawInfluenced U.S. Constitution & Bill of Rights
7 English Bill of Rights Protects rights of citizens Lists rights citizens entitled tooLaws created by Parliament, not kingInfluenced U.S. Bill of Rights
8 English Bill of Rights Examples of rights: Individuals have right to keep & carry gunsElections to Parliament must be freeMonarch could not:Collect taxes without consent of ParliamentInterfere with free speechMaintain army in times of peaceExcessive bail or cruel punishment
9 Mayflower CompactCreated by Pilgrims when they arrived in Plymouth, MAFirst document to establish self-government in the coloniesBased on majority ruleCitizens abide by compact for sake of survival
10 Review… 1) What 2 documents were based off Locke’s ideas? 2) What are the 3 natural rights?3) The idea that people will obey the government as long as it protects their rights is called what?4) What theory did Montesquieu come up with regarding government?5) What was the purpose of this idea?6) How many separate branches was the government broken up into?7) What was the purpose of the Magna Carta?8) What was the purpose of the English Bill of Rights?9) First document to establish self-government in colonies was what?
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