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Horticulture Plant ID Study Guide

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Presentation on theme: "Horticulture Plant ID Study Guide"— Presentation transcript:

1 Horticulture Plant ID Study Guide
Common and scientific names Horticulture I Instructor: Mrs. Wise

2 Abelia X grandiflora Common - Glossy abelia – This plant is a Medium evergreen shrub with reddish-green 1 inch long leaves with small clusters of bugle shaped white flowers.

3 Acer palmatum Common - Japanese Maple Characteristics: *Maple-like leaves deeply lobed, with 5-9 lance-like, ovate lobes, 2-6" wide.

4 Acer rubrum Red maple – Is a large deciduous tree with red flowers in early spring. It’s leaves are dark green w/ gray color under the leaves. (3-5 lobes & gray bark)

5 Ageratum mexicanum Common - Ageratum -low growing annuals, ovate leaves, 2 inches long and small clusters of fluffy, lavender-blue, white or pink flowers. Often used for edging.

6 Ajuga reptans Common - Ajuga - best planted in partial shade or even full shade; fast growing ground cover.

7 Aracaria heterophylla
Common - Norfolk Island Pine - An Interior office plant that usually grows about 4 ft tall and looks similar to a little pine tree.

8 Asparagus densiflorus ‘Sprengeri’
Common - Sprengeri Fern – prefers part sun to shade. Asparagus densiflorus ‘Sprengeri’

9 Acuba japonica Common - Japanese Acuba - Thrives in low light areas

10 Begonia X semperflorens-cultorum
Common - Wax Begonia - drought resistant and sun tolerant.

11 Berberis thumbergii Common - Japanese Barberry – A medium size deciduous shrub with 1-inch long leaves, small spines, and red berries.

12 Betula nigra Common- River Birch – A Medium sized deciduous tree with thin brown bark peeling and trunks.

13 Buxus sempervirens Common - Common boxwood- popular shrub used in many a landscape especially as a hedge, screen or for a topiary.

14 Canna X generalis Common - Canna - grown best in full sun with moderate water in well-drained rich or sandy soil.

15 Cercis canadensis Common - Eastern Red Bud/Judas Tree- A Small deciduous tree with heart-shaped leaves and brown bean-type pods in the fall; pink-purple colored flowers.

16 Chlorophytum comosum cv.
Common - Spider Plant – New plants develop from shoot tips – 18” long and ¾” wide leaves – green with yellow line down the middle.

17 Chrysanthemum morifolium
Common - Florist Chrysanthemum - often called mums or chrysanths. Flower bouquets and arrangements.

18 Chrysanthemum X superbum
Common - Shasta Daisy - large white flowers with yellow centers, typical of daisies; excellent perennial.

19 Coleus X hybridus Coleus

20 Cornus florida Flowering Dogwood- A small deciduous tree with white flowers called bracts with brown color at the tips, red berries and very crooked growth

21 X Cupressocyparis leylandii
Leyland Cypress- an evergreen, about 5o ft. tall with scale type leaves and short ½ inch cones.

22 Dieffenbachia maculata
Dumbcane – An Interior plant with large variegated green and cream colored large leaves on a thick trunk.

23 Epipremnum aureum cv. Golden Pothos – Office Plant

24 Euonymus alata Winged Euonymus – A medium sized deciduous shrub with dark green leaves 1 – 2 long that turn a brilliant red in late fall.

25 Euonymus japonica or ‘Variegata’
Evergreen Euonymus – Shrub – 1 ½ - 3” long leaves, half as wide as long. Green, green/golden edged, green white edged

26 Euphorbia pulcherrima cv.
Poinsettia – Sold at Christmas, Usually red, originates from Mexico. Colored bracts or leaves

27 Ficus benjamina Weeping or benjamin fig – drooping branches with shinny pointed leaves and aerial roots on the branches

28 Ficus elastica ‘Decora’
Decora Rubber Plant

29 Ficus pumila Creeping Rubber Plant

30 Forsythia X intermedia
Border Forsythia – Large deciduous shrub with many bright yellow flowers in early spring.

31 Hedera helix English Ivy – Climbing Vine

32 Hemerocallis cv. Day Lily
Full Sun – trumpet type flowers, perrenial.

33 Hosta sp. Hosta- Deciduous ground cover, 3 inch wide by 7 inch long leaves. Leaves are dark green to yellowish white mixed with green. “verigated”

34 Ilex X attenuata ‘Fosteri’ Fosteri Holly – Red Berries
Often used as a corner planting to give height.

35 Ilex cornuta ‘Dwarf Burford’ Dwarf Burford Holly

36 Ilex crenata Helleri Holly ‘Helleri’
Often used as a border planting - evergreen

37 Ilex vomitoria ‘Nana’ Dwarf Yaupon- Dwarf evergreen shrub, 2ft. high X 2ft. wide with dark green mature leaves about ½ inch to 1 inch long. Stems are gray.

38 Impatiens Impatiens –shade loving colorful annuals

39 Iris X germanica var. florentine
florentine/Bearded Iris

40 Juniperus conferta Shore Juniper-creeping habit

41 Juniperus horizontalis ‘Plumosa,’ ‘Bar Harbor or ‘Wiltonii’or Blue Rug
Creeping Juniper “Blue Rug”- evergreen ground cover with silvery-blue scale type leaves.

42 Lagerstroemia indica cv.
Crape Myrtle- Smooth tan bark, deciduous tree or shrub, flowers all summer and into early fall. Red, purple, white, pink

43 Ligustrum japonicum cv.
Japanese Privet- large evergreen shrub, dark green leaves that are 3-inch long and 1 ½ inch wide with raised veins underneath. ¼ inch dark purple berries with a hard seed inside.

44 Liquidambar styraciflua
Sweetgum – A deciduous with dark green star shaped leaves and prickly balls. Leaves turn yellow, orange, red and purple in autumn.

45 Liriope muscari Liriope (Green or Varigated cv.)

46 Magnolia grandiflora Southern Magnolia – large shinny leaves, 6-9 inch white flowers with cone like pods of bright red seeds.

47 Malus sp. or cv. Flowering Crabapple – A border tree, medium sized deciduous tree with flowers and 1 – 2 inch diameter fruit. Green, red, or purple leaves in summer.

48 Maranta leuconeura Prayer Plant

49 Myrica cerifera Wax Myrtle- large evergreen shrub, yellowish green leaves about 2-3 inches long with serrated margins near the leaf tips, clusters of small waxy-gray berries.

50 Nandina domestica Heavenly Bamboo – Red foliage in Fall

51 Nephrolepis exaltata cv
Boston Fern

52 Ophiopogon japonicus Mondo Grass –ground cover

53 Pelargonium X hortorum
Geranium – An indoor/outdoor flowering plant, used in baskets and pots, red, white, pink, multiple colored. Flowers have a long petiole, popular Mother’s Day and easter flower. Number 1 bedding plant

54 Pelargonium peltatum Ivy Leaf Geranium

55 Philodendron scandens
Parlor Ivy – very low light

56 Pinus mugo var. mugo Mugo Pine

57 Pinus strobus Eastern White Pine – Clusters of needle like leaves about 4-inches long. 5 needles per cluster, 4 – 8 inch curving brown cones under the tree.

58 Plectranthus australis
Swedish Ivy

59 Prunus serrulata ‘Kwanzan’
Japanese Flowering Cherry- Small deciduous tree with pink double flowers. Used as an accent plant.

60 Pyrus calleryana ‘Bradford’
Bradford Pear- Medium-sized deciduous tree, white flowers in spring, reddish purple leaves in autumn, grow in a symmetrical shape with little or no pruning.

61 Quercus palustris Pin Oak- Deciduous tree, about 50 ft. tall, leaves have 5 to 7 lobes and 3 or 4 bristle tips on each lobe, has acorns, brilliant red in autumn.

62 Quercus phellow Willow Oak- Deciduous tree, has small acorns, narrow green leaves, grows about 60 ft. tall.

63 Rhododendron catawbiense
Catawba Hybrid Rhododendron

64 Rhododendron kiusianum or Rhododendron obtusum japonicum
Azalea- Large evergreen, dark green 5-inch long by 2-inch wide leaves, shade loving, grows wild in the edge of the forest and by the roadside in NC mountains, many flowers.

65 Saintpaulia ionantha African Violet

66 Salvia splendens Salvia
Salvia – full sun

67 Schefflera arboricola Dwarf Schefflera
Dwarf Schefflera – indoor, low light

68 Spathiphyllum cvs. Peace Lily

69 Tagetes erecta African Marigold

70 Tradescantia zebrina Purple Wandering Jew

71 Viola X wittrockiana Pansy – fall and spring flower – cool season – multiple colors

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