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Industrial Revolution Begins. Revolution in Great Britain  1700s = change in technology  energy source changed from human & animal power to machinery.

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Presentation on theme: "Industrial Revolution Begins. Revolution in Great Britain  1700s = change in technology  energy source changed from human & animal power to machinery."— Presentation transcript:

1 Industrial Revolution Begins

2 Revolution in Great Britain  1700s = change in technology  energy source changed from human & animal power to machinery  Industrial Revolution occurred when use of power-driven machinery was developed  this started in Great Britain

3 Factors for Success in Great Britain  exploration and colonialism  power of the sea  political stability  government support  growth of private investment

4 Agricultural Factors  1701  Jethro Tull invented seed drill  landowners bought up small farms and consolidated them in the enclosure movement

5 Factors of Production: Land  Great Britain had great natural resources  coal for fuel  iron for steel & machinery  waterways (rivers & canals) to generate power and transport raw materials and goods

6

7 Factors of Production: Labor  Great Britain’s population grew because of greater food supply  enclosure movement took land away from small farmers  resulted in surplus of available workers

8 Factors of Production: Capital  capital is the money or property a business needs to stay in business  capital can be money, machines, or people  people who specialized in one area had abilities and skills to their advantages

9 A Revolution in Textiles  a cottage industry is an occupation in which you make a craft and it is done in your home  making cloth had been a cottage industry  cloth was made mostly with wool

10 A New Way of Making Cloth  cloth was now made from wool and cotton  more sheep could be raised due to the enclosure movement  cotton came to Great Britain from the colonies  new inventions helped the process of cloth making

11 Cotton Gin  invented by Eli Whitney  removed seeds from raw cotton

12 Spinning Jenny  invented by James Hargreaves  spun multiple threads at one time  threads were still thick and broke easily

13 Spinning Frame  invented by Richard Arkwright  similar to the spinning jenny  spun stronger, thinner threads

14 “Flying Shuttle”  invented by John Kay  pushed thread back and forth on loom automatically  had been done by the weaver pushing the shuttle back and forth  allowed for looms to be wider than arm’s width

15 Power Loom  invented by Edmund Cartwright in 1785  automated the weaving process

16 Cloth Making Outside the Home  new inventions to speed up the cloth making process were big machines  machines needed a special place to house them  cloth now made in FACTORIES

17 Steam Powers the Revolution  steam is created when water is heated to the point of vaporizing  water vapors expand when hot  steam engines were invented in 1712 by Thomas Newcomen

18 Newcomen Steam Engine

19 Development of the Steam Engine  James Watt innovated Newcomen’s steam engine to be more efficient  Watt’s engine was better suited for factories  1802  Richard Trevithick put a steam engine in first locomotive  1807  Robert Fulton developed the first steamship

20 Coal for British Steam Engines  coal mining industry in northern and western England grew  by 1800, Great Britain produced 80% of Europe’s coal  mining was dangerous  explosions  coal dust  collapsing shafts  hard labor

21 Exit Ticket  What are the three factors of production that we discussed?  What is an example of each of these factors that Great Britain had?  How did the early inventions help the textile industry change from a cottage industry to an industry performed in factories?


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