2 Jefferson takes Office Thomas Jefferson was inaugurated in March 1801.He ran against John Adams.Aaron Burr won the same amount of electoral votes as JeffersonThe House of Representatives debated for 6 days before Jefferson was chosenIn 1804, the electors would vote separately for President and Vice President
3 Jefferson takes Office Jefferson was the first president to get inaugurated in Washington DCThe presidents goal was to limit the federal governments power over the statesHe thought that laissez faire would be the best ideaHe fired all tax collectors and cut the number of diplomatsHe reduced the size of the militaryPeople who were imprisoned under the Sedition Act were released
4 Jefferson takes Office Adams appointed William Marbury and other judges before he left officeRepublicans said these were to keep the Federalists in powerJefferson ordered James Madison to cease work on the appointments
5 Jefferson takes Office Marbury sued Madison citing the Judiciary Act of 1789Chief Justice John Marshall ruled that the Judiciary Act of 1789 was unconstitutionalHe said the Court’s power came from the ConstitutionThis was important because of the court case Marbury v. Madison, judicial review was established
6 The Louisiana Purchase By 1800, more then a million settlers lived between the Appalachian and the MississippiMost of these settlers were farmers.
7 The Louisiana Purchase These farmers relied on the Mississippi River to transport their crops to the port at New OrleansSpain had controlled new Orleans and the US negotiated with Spain to guarantee American’s right to ship goods down the Mississippi to New OrleansThis was called Pinckney’s Treaty
8 The Louisiana Purchase Jefferson found out in 1801 that Spain had given New Orleans and the Louisiana Territory to France in a secret treatyIn 1802, before the official transfer of the land to France, the Spanish governor stopped allowing Americans to ship their goods through New Orleans
9 The Louisiana Purchase The President decided that he would try to buy New Orleans from the FrenchHe sent James Monroe and Robert Livingston to try to buy New Orleans and West Florida from FranceWhen they arrived they found out that Toussaint L’Ouverture had driven the French from Haiti
10 The Louisiana Purchase They knew the French would have a hard time defending LouisianaThey also knew that there were tensions between France and EnglandNapoleon, the leader of France would need money to support the warNapoleon offered to sell not only New Orleans but the entire Louisiana PurchaseThey purchased the whole territory for $15 Million-4 Cents an acre
11 The Louisiana Purchase No where in the Constitution did it say that the President had power to buy landJefferson said that the President was allowed to make treaties, the Senate approved and Congress voted to pay for the landIn January 1803, Jefferson convinced Congress to pay $2,500 on a western expedition
12 The Louisiana Purchase He chose Meriwether Lewis and William Clark to report back about geography, plants, animals and other natural featuresHe also wanted them to make contact with the Natives and to look for a waterway from the Mississippi to the Pacific Ocean
13 The Louisiana Purchase They took 40 men and traveled up the Missouri River, met up with natives, reached the Great Plains, traveled west, and met up with Native American Sacagawea, who traveled with them and was a translatorThey climbed the Rockies, reached the continental divide, found the Columbia River and traveled by canoe to the Pacific OceanIt took nearly 6 months to return to Missouri
14 The Louisiana Purchase In , Zebulon Pike also explored the southern part of the Louisiana TerritoryWhen he got to the Rocky Mountains, he was stopped by deep snowThe mountain he could not climb is now called Pike’s Peak
15 The Louisiana Purchase On his return, he went to Spanish new MexicoPike and his explorers were arrested by Spanish troopsThey thought they were spies trying to take over the areaThey were released and escorted back to the United StatesBecause of Pike’s reports, the Americans grew interested in the Spanish Borderlands.
16 A Time of ConflictPirate ships began to attack American ships in the Mediterranean SeaThese ships came from Morocco, Algiers, Tunisia and Tripoli (the Barbary State)These pirates took property and sailors, holding the sailors for ransomEuropean governments stopped the raids by paying the States tribute
17 A Time of ConflictJefferson stopped paying tribute and sent warships to the MediterraneanThe Philadelphia ran aground near Tripoli and the crew was imprisonedAmerican sailors burned this ship to prevent the pirates from using it.American troops marched across the Sahara desert and captured Tripoli
18 A Time of Conflict By 1803, France and England were at war Americans were NeutralTo prevent the other side from getting supplies, the French and English began to seize American ships and stealing the cargoThe British again used impressments
19 A Time of ConflictTo try to stop this, in 1807, Jefferson passed the Embargo ActForbid any trade on American ships sailing to any foreign portJefferson thought this would stop the other countries from seizing shipsInstead, the money made by exports fell, prices of crops declined and thousands of Americans lost their jobsMany Americans began to smuggle goods.
20 A Time of ConflictAfter the Battle of Fallen Timbers, many settlers moved WestDiseases such as measles, smallpox and the flu killed thousands of NativesSettlers stole native lands for huntingThe Shawnee people were hurt by the settlersIn 1805, Tenskwatawa and Tecumseh urged Natives to fight against the settlersThis action scared American officialsIn 1811, William Henry Harrison, marched his soldiers against the Shawnee villages and defeated the Natives at the Battle of Tippecanoe
21 The War of 1812There was tensions between Britain and the US when James Madison became president in 1809Arming NativesImpressments of sailorsAmerica’s new nationalismHenry Clay and John C. Calhoun became leaders in the House of RepresentativesThey supported war with Britain-They were called War Hawks
22 The War of 1812Although England was at war in Europe, they would not give into US Demands to avoid war
23 The War of 1812The US navy only had 16 warships, and the army had only 7,000 menThe British set up a blockade of the CoastA major sea battle was in Aug 1812 and the USS Constitution defeated the British ship Guerriere
24 The War of 1812The British and Americans were also fighting for control of the Great Lakes and the MississippiAmerican General William Hull tried and failed to invade CanadaThe Americans did win at Lake Erie, where they defeated the BritishIn the south, Natives attacked American settlements.Andrew Jackson fought back and defeated the natives at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend
25 The War of 1812 The British Attacked Washington D.C. in August 1814 Dolly Madison, the President’s wife gathered important documents and fled the buildingThe British set fire to the White House
26 The War of 1812 They Then moved to Fort McHenry in Maryland Although the British fought through the night, the Americans had beaten off the attackFrancis Scott Key saw this attack and later wrote “The Star Spangled Banner”
27 The War of 1812Britain had become tired of war and peace talks began in Ghent, BelgiumThe Treaty of Ghent ended the warMany Federalists did not agree with this war, and met at the Hartford Convention to talk about New England states seceding from the US
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.