Presentation on theme: "Chapter 5 Era of Thomas Jefferson Define the following vocabulary words Thomas Jefferson 184 Laissez faire 185 Judicial review 187 John Marshall 187."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 5 Era of Thomas Jefferson Define the following vocabulary words Thomas Jefferson 184 Laissez faire 185 Judicial review 187 John Marshall 187
Section 1 Changes in government made by Thomas Jefferson 1. Limited power of the federal government over states and citizens. 2. He cut Federal spending. 3. Eliminated all federal taxes
Section 1 Cont’d The Sedition Act punished people who openly disapproved of the government. Thomas Jefferson took office and released people who had been imprisoned under the Sedition Act. Summary Please
Section 2 The Louisiana Purchase Continental Divide (section 2 pg.192) Expedition 191 Meriwether Lewis 191 William Clark 191
Napoleon Bonaparte Emperor of France from 1804 to 1815 Needing money for the war with Britain, Napoleon sold Louisiana to the United States for 15 million dollars.
Section 2 The United States purchased Louisiana from France. Jefferson was uneasy about buying the Louisiana Territory because he did not have the constitutional power to buy land. The United States now controlled the Mississippi River. The Mississippi River was important for farmers to ship their crops to New Orleans to sell.
Warm Up Why was Jefferson apprehensive about the purchase of Louisiana? He did not have Constitutional power to buy property. Name two goals of the Lewis and Clark expedition They were to report back about plants and animals, and to make contact with native Americans. Why was the Mississippi River important for farmers? They could use the river to ship their crops.
Section 3 A Time of Conflict The Embargo Act of 1807 Embargo: Government order that forbids trade. 1803 Britain and France were once again at war. The United States remained neutral and traded with both countries. British War ships began seizing American merchant ships trading with France. The French did the same. Tribute – forced payment from one country to another. Jefferson responded by passing the Embargo Act. Jefferson stopped all trade with Britain and France. Americans were outraged and the Merchants were losing money without goods to sell.
Tecumseh Tecumseh united the Native American people to take back their land that was taken by the Americans. Tecumseh wanted to restore Native American traditions.
Warm Up 12/9/2014 What is an embargo? Government order that forbids trade Name one positive effect and one negative effect the Embargo Act had on the United States. The Embargo Act stopped The French and British from seizing American ships It stopped all imported goods, which hurt American merchants. It did not prevent a war, and it made honest people turn to smuggling.
Vocabulary Ch.5 Sec 4 War Hawk People who were eager to go to war against Britain Blockade Shutting a port or road to prevent people or supplies from entering or exiting. Secede To withdraw
War of 1812, U.S. and Britain Causes Effects Angry at Britain for arming Native Americans Americans upset about impressment of American soldiers Decrease trade with Britain Merchant’s had less goods to sell United States secured it’s independence from Britain.