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Foreign Policy related to the War of 1812 The Young Republic President Washington through President Monroe 1789 - 1824.

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Presentation on theme: "Foreign Policy related to the War of 1812 The Young Republic President Washington through President Monroe 1789 - 1824."— Presentation transcript:

1 Foreign Policy related to the War of 1812 The Young Republic President Washington through President Monroe

2 Foreign Policy Summary Washingtons Neutrality Adams XYZ Affair Alien & Sedition Act Jeffersons Louisiana Purchase Embargo Act Madisons War of 1812 Monroes Monroe Doctrine 1

3 Washington President Washington remains neutral in the European War between France and Great Britain President Washington remains neutral in the European War between France and Great Britain Jays Treaty and Pinckneys Treaty prevent war Jays Treaty and Pinckneys Treaty prevent war 2

4 Adams & The XYZ Affair France attacks U.S. Ships going to Great Britain for trade France attacks U.S. Ships going to Great Britain for trade To stop the attacks Adams sends a peace delegation To stop the attacks Adams sends a peace delegation The French ask for money to stop attacking ! The French ask for money to stop attacking ! 3

5 XYZ Affair Grows! U.S. refuses to pay the bribe and builds a navy U.S. fights an undeclared naval war with France while Adams sends more people to the peace talks in France 4 5

6 XYZ Affairs ends France stops the attacks France stops the attacks France was afraid it was pushing the U.S. into helping the British! France was afraid it was pushing the U.S. into helping the British! 6

7 President Adams President Adams Adams increases the army and navy to defend the nation against French attacks. Adams increases the army and navy to defend the nation against French attacks. Adams negotiates the Convention of 1800 which brings peace between the French and U.S. navies Adams negotiates the Convention of 1800 which brings peace between the French and U.S. navies 7

8 Alien & Sedition Acts Adams & the Federalists pass these laws that were trying to reduce the power of the Democratic- Republicans Adams & the Federalists pass these laws that were trying to reduce the power of the Democratic- Republicans Alien Act – lengthens the time aliens had to wait for citizenship from 5 to 14 years ! Alien Act – lengthens the time aliens had to wait for citizenship from 5 to 14 years ! Sedition Act – fines or jail for people who say or write things against the Federalists ! Sedition Act – fines or jail for people who say or write things against the Federalists ! Against RAPPS & the Against RAPPS & the 1 st amendment ! 1 st amendment ! 8

9 Thomas Jefferson British warships stop American ships at sea and impressed U.S. sailors into the British Navy British warships stop American ships at sea and impressed U.S. sailors into the British Navy 1807 HMS Leopard attacks USS Chesapeake and removes sailors… 3 Americans killed 1807 HMS Leopard attacks USS Chesapeake and removes sailors… 3 Americans killed 9

10 President Jefferson : Tripoli War U.S. fights the Barbary Pirates From 1801 to 1805 the U.S. Army and Navy fight a war in North Africa to stop attacks on U.S. shipping by the Tripoli pirates From 1801 to 1805 the U.S. Army and Navy fight a war in North Africa to stop attacks on U.S. shipping by the Tripoli pirates U.S. defeats pirates U.S. defeats pirates U.S. wont be attacked without fighting back! U.S. wont be attacked without fighting back! 10

11 Jefferson Passes Embargo Act of 1807 To stop British attacks on shipping and impressment of U.S. sailors, Jefferson & Congress forbid U.S. ships to sail to any foreign ports This causes a huge economic problem… Why? Trade stops 11

12 Louisiana Purchase : Jefferson buys the Louisiana Territory from France for $15 million! That is 3 cents / acre 1803 : Jefferson buys the Louisiana Territory from France for $15 million! That is 3 cents / acre Lewis & Clark explored the Louisiana Purchase from 1804 – 1806 Lewis & Clark explored the Louisiana Purchase from 1804 – 1806 Doubles the size of the nation Doubles the size of the nation 12

13 Lewis & Clark Expedition Meriwether Lewis & William Clark led expedition Meriwether Lewis & William Clark led expedition Purpose: to find a water route to the Pacific & gather scientific information Purpose: to find a water route to the Pacific & gather scientific information Indian woman Sacagawea acted as guide and translator Indian woman Sacagawea acted as guide and translator 13

14 Results of Lewis & Clark Expedition Accurate maps were made to help settlers move west Accurate maps were made to help settlers move west Fur trade expanded as trappers went into the Rocky Mountains Fur trade expanded as trappers went into the Rocky Mountains L & C wrongly called the west a desert. This made many think the plains were bad farmland L & C wrongly called the west a desert. This made many think the plains were bad farmland 14

15 President James Madison Causes of the War of 1812 Great Britain continues to mess with our shipping b/c of its war with France Great Britain continues to mess with our shipping b/c of its war with France Thousands of U.S. sailors are impressed Thousands of U.S. sailors are impressed into the British navy. into the British navy. (kidnapped forced to be a British sailor) 15

16 War of 1812 Key Battles Washington D. C Burned 1814 – capitol and the Presidential Mansion Washington D. C Burned 1814 – capitol and the Presidential Mansion British defeat France and send thousands of soldiers to fight the U.S. British defeat France and send thousands of soldiers to fight the U.S. 16

17 Invasion of Chesapeake Bay After Burning Washington D.C. the British try to capture Baltimore, Maryland The Star Spangled Banner O say can you see is written during the attack. Francis Scot Key was the author 17

18 Star Spangled Banner Our national anthem !

19 Battle of the Thames U.S. troops defeat a combined British and Native American army lead by Tecumseh. Gen. William Henry Harrison becomes a hero ! This is the last big Indian War east of the Mississippi River 18

20 Battle of New Orleans Britain tries to Capture New Orleans and the Mississippi River Britain tries to Capture New Orleans and the Mississippi River Gen. Andrew Jackson is sent to defend the city Gen. Andrew Jackson is sent to defend the city 19

21 Battle of New Orleans Jackson crushes the British Britain 2000 KWM U.S. 24 KWM ! Battle fought two weeks after peace treaty ! Weird ! Jackson and Harrison become hero presidents ! 20

22 President James Monroe With the end of the War of 1812, the U.S. begins to look at things here in our hemisphere and not so much in Europe With the end of the War of 1812, the U.S. begins to look at things here in our hemisphere and not so much in Europe Spain loses colonies in America Spain loses colonies in America We decide to help keep Europe from making new colonies ! We decide to help keep Europe from making new colonies ! 21

23 President James Monroe Monroe issues the Monroe issues the Monroe Doctrine Monroe Doctrine Mexico, Bolivia, and other nations will no longer be colonies… so dont try it! Mexico, Bolivia, and other nations will no longer be colonies… so dont try it! U.S. will protect them U.S. will protect them U.S. will stay out of European stuff & Europe will stay out of our hemisphere U.S. will stay out of European stuff & Europe will stay out of our hemisphere Europe Stay Out ! 22

24 Foreign Policy Summary Washingtons Neutrality Adams XYZ Affair Alien & Sedition Act Jeffersons Louisiana Purchase Embargo Act Madisons War of 1812 Monroes Monroe Doctrine 23


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