3WashingtonPresident Washington remains neutral in the European War between France and Great BritainJay’s Treaty and Pinckney’s Treaty prevent war2
4Adams & The XYZ Affair3France attacks U.S. Ships going to Great Britain for tradeTo stop the attacks Adams sends a peace delegationThe French ask for money to stop attacking !
5XYZ Affair Grows! 4 5 U.S. refuses to pay the bribe and builds a navy U.S. fights an undeclared naval war with France while Adams sends more people to the peace talks in France5
6XYZ Affairs ends 6 France stops the attacks France was afraid it was pushing the U.S. into helping the British!
7President AdamsAdams increases the army and navy to defend the nation against French attacks.Adams negotiates the Convention of 1800 which brings peace between the French and U.S. navies7
8Alien & Sedition ActsAdams & the Federalists pass these laws that were trying to reduce the power of the Democratic- RepublicansAlien Act – lengthens the time aliens had to wait for citizenship from 5 to 14 years !Sedition Act – fines or jail for people who say or write things against the Federalists !Against RAPPS & the1st amendment !8
9Thomas Jefferson9British warships stop American ships at sea and “impressed” U.S. sailors into the British Navy1807 HMS Leopard attacks USS Chesapeake and removes sailors… 3 Americans killed
10President Jefferson : Tripoli War U.S. fights the Barbary Pirates From 1801 to 1805 the U.S. Army and Navy fight a war in North Africa to stop attacks on U.S. shipping by the Tripoli piratesU.S. defeats piratesU.S. won’t be attacked without fighting back!10
11Jefferson Passes Embargo Act of 1807 To stop British attacks on shipping and impressment of U.S. sailors, Jefferson & Congress forbid U.S. ships to sail to any foreign portsThis causes a huge economic problem… Why? Trade stops11
12Louisiana Purchase 18031803 : Jefferson buys the Louisiana Territory from France for $15 million! That is 3 cents / acre Lewis & Clark explored the Louisiana Purchase from 1804 – 1806Doubles the size of the nation12
13Lewis & Clark Expedition 13Lewis & Clark ExpeditionMeriwether Lewis & William Clark led expeditionPurpose: to find a water route to the Pacific & gather scientific informationIndian woman Sacagawea acted as guide and translator
14Results of Lewis & Clark Expedition 14Accurate maps were made to help settlers move westFur trade expanded as trappers went into the Rocky MountainsL & C wrongly called the west a “desert”. This made many think the plains were bad farmland
15President James Madison Causes of the War of 1812 15President James Madison Causes of the War of 1812Great Britain continues to mess with our shipping b/c of its war with FranceThousands of U.S. sailors are “impressed”into the British navy.(kidnapped forced to be a British sailor)
16War of 1812 “Key” Battles16Washington D. C Burned 1814 – capitol and the Presidential MansionBritish defeat France and send thousands of soldiers to fight the U.S.
17Invasion of Chesapeake Bay After Burning Washington D.C. the British try to capture Baltimore, MarylandThe Star Spangled Banner “O say can you see” is written during the attack.Francis Scot Key was the author17
19Battle of the ThamesU.S. troops defeat a combined British and Native American army lead by Tecumseh.Gen. William Henry Harrison becomes a hero !This is the last big Indian War east of the Mississippi River18
20Battle of New OrleansBritain tries to Capture New Orleans and the Mississippi RiverGen. Andrew Jackson is sent to defend the city19
21Battle of New Orleans 20 Jackson crushes the British Britain 2000 KWM U.S. 24 KWM !Battle fought two weeks after peace treaty ! Weird !Jackson and Harrison become hero presidents !20
22President James Monroe With the end of the War of 1812, the U.S. begins to look at things here in our hemisphere and not so much in EuropeSpain loses colonies in AmericaWe decide to help keep Europe from making new colonies !21
23President James Monroe 22EuropeStay Out !Monroe issues theMonroe DoctrineMexico, Bolivia, and other nations will no longer be colonies… so don’t try it!U.S. will protect themU.S. will stay out of European stuff & Europe will stay out of our hemisphere