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Victory in Europe and the Pacific Ch 14 Sec 4. Battle of the Bulge Last Major German offensive of the war December 16, 1944 in the Ardennes Forest (N.

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Presentation on theme: "Victory in Europe and the Pacific Ch 14 Sec 4. Battle of the Bulge Last Major German offensive of the war December 16, 1944 in the Ardennes Forest (N."— Presentation transcript:

1 Victory in Europe and the Pacific Ch 14 Sec 4

2 Battle of the Bulge Last Major German offensive of the war December 16, 1944 in the Ardennes Forest (N. France/Belgium) Link Edge of the Abyss 44:00 Link

3 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: Last major German offensive of the war?

4 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: The Bulge was high ground.

5 Battle of the Bulge Eventually the attack fails due to lack of troops and supplies. Ensured that the Soviets would reach Berlin first

6 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: The battle of the bulge ensures that the...

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9 Hitler’s Downfall As the Soviets enter Berlin in April 1945… Hitler marries Eva Braun Two days later commits suicide His body is burned afterwards The German army surrenders May 7 th, May 8 th, 1945 known as VE day Link End Game 44:00 Link War in the Pacific still going on!

10 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: What ultimately happens to Hitler?

11 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: German Surrender.

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13 Main Factor in the defeat of the Axis… The allies had a productive capacity 2x the axis Underestimating the Soviet Union Having to fight on multiple fronts Resources for Germany became scarce

14 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: Productive capactiy of the alleis.

15 15 Battle of Midway (June 1942) Japanese fleet is destroyed by American air force (including battleships and aircraft carriers) An important turning point for U.S.! U.S. begins taking back islands in the Pacific.

16 16 3 carriers, ~15 support ships, 233 carrier aircraft, 127 land-based aircraft 1 carrier sunk, 1 destroyer sunk, 98 aircraft destroyed, 307 killed 4 carriers, 2 battleships, ~15 support ships, 248 carrier aircraft, 16 floatplanes 4 carriers sunk, 1 cruiser sunk, 248 carrier aircraft destroyed, 3,057 killed

17 Battle for Midway Island If won, Japanese could have bombed Hawaii from here. Major turning point-defeat of Japanese fleet. Link 8:42 Link Link 18:08 Link

18 18 The Japanese Shinano.

19 19 Mighty Japanese battleships are pounded to pieces by US carrier planes. They are obsolete.

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21 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: Battle that was the turning point in the...

22 22 Island Hopping: the practice of landing on one island, defeating its forces, then quickly moving on to the next strategic target.

23 23 1. Bomb 2. Invade 3. Build an airfield to bomb the next island How to Island Hop with General Douglas MacArthur:

24 24 The USS IOWA. Battleships found a new role in bombarding Japanese held island defenses.

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26 Battle for Iwo Jima Dead at Iwo Jima: 6,800 US 20,000 Japanese. This flag raising was a serious morale boost to soldiers on the island. Link 19:07 Link

27 27 Iwo Jima The island where the film ‘flags of our fathers’ was set. Horrendous casualties on both sides

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29 29 Mt. Suribachi Island Hopping on Iwo Jima

30 30 1.Bomb: 74 days in a row Island Hopping on Iwo Jima 3. Build an airfield: Already there, used for bombers and fighters to destroy Japanese cities. 2. Invade: 110,000 US vs. 22,000 Japanese

31 31 Iwo Jima Casualties 6,821 US Dead 20,000 US Wounded Nearly all 22,000 Japanese fought to the death.

32 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: Famous flag raising picture.

33 Kamikaze – “Divine Wind” Link

34 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: Kamikaze means...

35 Suicide pilots Would try to crash into American ships The Japanese would rather fight to the death than surrender.

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37 37 US ships ablaze after kamikaze attacks

38 38 A ‘Kaiten’-or suicide torpedo.

39 39 Attacking Okinawa island.

40 40 Okinawa Island - May 1945 This island is within bomber range of Japan. If it falls Japan will, at last, be vulnerable.

41 41 Okinawa Facts 500,000 Civilians living there before the battle 150,000 Civilians killed during the ugly battle 97,000 Japanese soldiers before the battle 7,000 Japanese soldiers survived the battle Hundreds of Japanese “Kamikaze” pilots trained to pilots crash into US Navy boats, killing 5,000 Americans US invasion force of 200,000 soldiers US casualties, 12,513 dead, 55,000 wounded

42 42 Japan retreats. Japan withdrew all forces from the Pacific and from the mainland. So widely scattered were soldiers, and so dedicated were they to their cause, that old soldiers were still coming out of hiding in 1972!

43 43 The ‘Ohka’ This is an unused Japanese suicide rocket bomb found on Okinawa. There were no more Japanese planes to launch it.

44 The Manhattan Project Code name for the A- Bomb program Led by Robert Oppenheimer First detonation Alamagordo NM, July 1945 Ushers in the Nuclear Age Link

45 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: The Mahnattan Project designed the...

46 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: The first atomic detonation was at...

47 Hiroshima and Nagasaki 1945 Faced with a casualty estimate of a million, Truman authorizes use of the A-Bomb against Japan. Hiroshima Aug. 6, 1945 Nagasaki Aug. 9, 1955

48 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: First atomic bomb was dropped on..

49 This plane dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima.

50 50 The first Atomic bomb to be used in war… ‘little boy’. This bomb was shipped from the US a mere 4 hours after the ‘Trinity’ A-bomb test in the US. The actual radioactive material inside was the size of an orange. The Atomic Bomb

51 Atomic bomb – “little boy”

52 52 The USS Indianapolis Delivered the first atomic bomb to the US air force in Tinian. July sunk by Japanese submarine off the Philippines on the way home. Because of her ‘special mission’ her journey was ‘secret’. Of 1200 crew, 900 survived the sinking only to find themselves at sea with no rescuers even looking for them. Sharks were quickly attracted and after 4 days only 300 men were left, mostly terrified out of their minds. It was the worst US Navy disaster in history.

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56 Victims in Hiroshima

57 Why drop the Atomic Bomb? The Japanese had shown they would fight to the last man, woman and child. The atomic bomb saved as many as 1 million U.S. lives, and many more Japanese. Harry Truman said he dropped the bomb to end the war.

58 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: The atomic bomb probably saved lives.

59 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: President who authorized the bomb drop.

60 60 The Japanese surrender party onboard a US battleship in Tokyo Bay They are ‘enduring the unendurable’ at the Emperor’s request. The Emperor finally concedes that Japan cannot face US technology and survive.

61 61 Over Tokyo Bay.

62 Japan surrenders 1945 VJ day Aug. 14, 1945 Formal Surrender Sept 2, 1945 Even after the A- bombs some Japanese wanted to continue to fight. Emperor Hirohito intervened

63 Don’t forget: You can copy- paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: Japanese surrender.

64 This presentation contains the poll(s) you downloaded SlideContents 2Suggested verbal notes for presenters 3Instructions slide to educate audiences on responding via text messages. 4Instructions slide to educate audiences on responding via web or mobile web. This must be enabled on your poll in PollEverywhere.com. 5Instructions slide to educate audiences on responding via Twitter. This must be enabled on your poll in PollEverywhere.com. 6+The actual poll(s) you downloaded are embedded on these slides. What’s next? Jump to slide 6 and enter Slide Show mode to see your poll in action. Copy & paste slide 6 and beyond into your own presentation, or just use this presentation.

65 Presenter Text Polling Notes Explain what’s going on “Now I’m going to ask for your opinion. You’ll use your phones to respond just like on American Idol. So please take out your cell phones, but remember to leave them on silent.” “You’ll participate by sending a text message. If you don’t know how to do that, just ask your kids! Or have your neighbor help you figure it out.” Address their concerns “This is a just standard rate text message, so it may be free for you, or up to twenty cents on some carriers if you do not have a text messaging plan.” “The service we are using is serious about privacy. We cannot see your phone numbers, and you’ll never receive follow-up text messages outside this presentation. There’s only one thing worse than spam – and that’s text message spam because you have to pay to receive it!” Use a demo or practice poll For example, a Free Text Poll like “Let’s Practice: Text in your first name!” Always test your polls in your presentation before your event using the computer that will be projecting your presentation, especially if that computer is not the one you’re currently using.

66 How To Vote via Texting 1.Standard texting rates only (worst case US $0.20) 2.We have no access to your phone number 3.Capitalization doesn’t matter, but spaces and spelling do TIPS EXAMPLE

67 How To Vote via PollEv.com Capitalization doesn’t matter, but spaces and spelling do TIP EXAMPLE

68 How To Vote via PollEv.com/username Capitalization doesn’t matter, but spaces and spelling do TIP EXAMPLE

69 How To Vote via Twitter 1.Capitalization doesn’t matter, but spaces and spelling do is the first word, your followers will not receive this tweet TIPS EXAMPLE


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