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Georgia’s Constitution, Executive & Judicial Branch, County & City Government, Spending & Revenue.

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Presentation on theme: "Georgia’s Constitution, Executive & Judicial Branch, County & City Government, Spending & Revenue."— Presentation transcript:

1 Georgia’s Constitution, Executive & Judicial Branch, County & City Government, Spending & Revenue

2  Georgia’s Highest Body of Laws.  Georgia’s First Constitution was in  Has been rewritten 10 times.  Most recent 1983.

3  Limited Government: Government has limited power  Popular Sovereignty: The power of the government rests on the will of the people.  Separation of Powers: Each branch of government has their own job.  Checks and Balances: Each branch of government has a “check” on the other branches.

4  The framers wanted to strengthen the government but prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a small group.  Created 3 Branches  Legislative- Makes Laws  Executive- Enforces Laws  Judicial- Interprets the Laws and makes judgments in legal disputes.

5  One branch has the ability to prevent the other branch from becoming to powerful.  Example: The executive branch can veto a bill from the legislative branch.

6

7  Explains why the document was written.

8  To Perpetuate the principles of free government  Insure justice for all  Preserve Peace  Promote the interest and happiness of the citizens and of the family  Transmit to posterity the enjoyment of liberty

9  11 Total Articles  They address the different branches of government & duties of the government.  Article I is the GA Bill of Rights.  Article X tells how the Constitution can be changed or amended.

10  First: through proposals by the General Assembly  A lawmaker must introduce the amendment.  2/3 of lawmakers must approve it.  Voters have to vote to ratify the amendment.  Second: Constitutional Convention  Delegates to the convention will meet to discuss and vote on possible changes to the constitution.  Voters have to vote to ratify the amendment.

11 Approved March 28, "I pledge allegiance to the Georgia flag and to the principles for which it stands: Wisdom, Justice, and Moderation."

12  Made up by the General Assembly.  2 Houses – Senate and House of Representatives.  236 Members  General Assembly members meet for a 40 day session beginning on the second Monday in January.  2 year term in office 12

13  Responsible for making laws for the state of Georgia.  Responsible for appropriating funds for the State to spend.  Leadership: -- Speaker of the House (Majority party) -- President of Senate (Lt. Gov.) 13

14  Committee System in the General Assembly  A Standing committee is a group of legislators organized by subject area that continues from session to session. Each committee is organized into two or more subcommittees to allow greater specialization of expertise. 14

15  Bill is introduced  Committee recommends Bill  The Bill Goes to the Entire House to Vote  The Bill Goes to the Senate  Bill Goes to the Governor 15

16  Governor: Nathan Deal  Lieutenant Governor: Casey Cagle Qualifications: US Citizen for 15 years GA Citizen for 6 years 30 Years Old Term In Office: 4 Years Elected In: November General Election Takes Office In: January 16

17  Managing the state’s budget.  Direct the Attorney General to represent the state in legal matters.  ‘State of the State’ address.  Prepare budget bills for the House of Reps.  Commander in Chief of GA National Guard.  Heading states civil defense units.

18  Communicating their position on key issues.  Honorary head of the party that got him elected.  Honor individuals, add new state symbols.  Represent GA domestically and internationally  Bring business to GA

19  There are other elected officials in the Executive Branch:  State Attorney General  Commissioner of Agriculture  Commissioner of Labor  Commissioner of Insurance  Secretary of State  State School Superintendant

20 Government Agency: A unit of government such as a department, board, commission or office. They are a part of the executive branch. All executive branch activities fit into seven major policy categories: Education, Human Services, Public Safety, Transportation, General Government, Economic Development, and Natural Resources. 20

21 Courts of Georgia

22 Supreme Court 7 Justices 1 Court Court of Appeals 12 Judges 1 Court Superior Court 159 Courts (49 circuits) State Court 70 Courts Juvenile Court 159 Courts Probate Court 159 Courts Magistrate Court 159 Courts Municipal “City” Court- approximately 400 Courts 22

23 Supreme Court  Appellate jurisdiction  Exclusive in cases involving constitutional issues, contested elections, capital felonies, titles to land, wills, and divorces.  Appellate jurisdiction in cases not reserved to the Supreme Court. Appellate Court 23

24 Superior Court Trial Courts 159 Courts (49 circuits)  General jurisdiction  Exclusive in cases of felonies, divorces, titles to land. Appellate jurisdiction: over probate, magistrate, and municipal courts.  Limited jurisdiction  Misdemeanors, traffic offenses, and most civil cases. State Court 70 Courts 24

25 Magistrate Court 159 Courts  Limited Jurisdiction:  Criminal: pretrial proceedings, warrants, and bail.  County ordinance, traffic, and bad check violations.  Civil Claims under $5,000.  Limited jurisdiction  Traffic violations, ordinance violations, and criminal preliminaries (such as warrants). Municipal “City” Court approximately 400 Courts 25

26 Counties Cities Special Districts 26

27  A County Seat is the center of a county’s government.  Canton is Cherokee County’s central seat of government.  The governing body of a county is its county commission, whose members are elected by the county voters.  County commissioners can pass ordinances (law about property & affairs) and resolutions (informal statement on the commission's opinion). 27

28 Fire Protection Police Protection Sewer System Parks & Recreation Facilities Public Health Facilities Public Transportation 28

29 Weak Mayor Council Strong Mayor Council Council Manager Mayor recommends ordinances and appoints department heads with council approval. Council decides on policies and makes laws. Mayor has strong executive power, an administrative assistant, can veto council legislation, etc. Council has limits on their power. Mayor can preside over council meetings, but has no administrative power. Council decides on laws and policy. City Manager appointed to run admin items. 29

30  A unit set up by the legislature or by a city or county ordinance for a special purpose. Hospitals Grady Hospital Public Transportation MARTA – CCT Industrial Development To advertise to get business to come to the community. 30

31 Public Safety Police, Firefighters, Inspectors, etc. Public Works Roads, streets, water & sewer lines, storm drainage Public Utilities Waterworks, sewage treatment plants, electric companies Community Development Divide the community into zones. Each zone has a designated use – residential, commercial, industrial, or agricultural. Human Services Hearing & Eye tests. Spraying for mosquitoes, and community immunization Leisure Services Parks & Recreation facilities. Judicial Services Running all county courts and the sheriff’s department Record Keeping Keeps internal records for the county. Land lots, births, death, marriages, taxes on real and personal property. 31

32  Expenditure is the amount of money the government spends on something.  Revenue is money that the government gets to pay for expenditures. 32

33 Taxes Property Taxes Real & Personal Property Revenue Alcohol tax, Hotel tax Tax on Insurance Services Public Safety, Public Works, Public Utilities, Community Development, Human Services, Leisure Services, Judicial Services, Record Keeping. 33

34  The COUNTY gets the most revenue from Property Taxes.  The COUNTY gets the least revenue from licenses and permits.  The CITY gets the most revenue from Public Utilities.  The CITY gets the least revenue from licenses and permits. 34

35 Income Tax Other Taxes Fuel Tax Sales Tax 35


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