Presentation on theme: "Georgia State Government CRCT Prep Book CH 12"— Presentation transcript:
1Georgia State Government CRCT Prep Book CH 12 Georgia’s Constitution, Executive & Judicial Branch, County & City Government, Spending & Revenue
2Georgia State Constitution Georgia’s Highest Body of Laws.Georgia’s First Constitution was in 1777.Has been rewritten 10 times.Most recent 1983.
34 Principles of GA Constitution Limited Government: Government has limited powerPopular Sovereignty: The power of the government rests on the will of the people.Separation of Powers: Each branch of government has their own job.Checks and Balances: Each branch of government has a “check” on the other branches.
4Separation of PowersThe framers wanted to strengthen the government but prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a small group.Created 3 BranchesLegislative- Makes LawsExecutive- Enforces LawsJudicial- Interprets the Laws and makes judgments in legal disputes.
5Checks and BalancesOne branch has the ability to prevent the other branch from becoming to powerful.Example: The executive branch can veto a bill from the legislative branch.
7Preamble of the GA Constitution Explains why the document was written.
8Reasons for the Constitution To Perpetuate the principles of free governmentInsure justice for allPreserve PeacePromote the interest and happiness of the citizens and of the familyTransmit to posterity the enjoyment of liberty
9Articles of the Constitution 11 Total ArticlesThey address the different branches of government & duties of the government.Article I is the GA Bill of Rights.Article X tells how the Constitution can be changed or amended.
10Two Ways to Change the GA Constitution First: through proposals by the General AssemblyA lawmaker must introduce the amendment.2/3 of lawmakers must approve it.Voters have to vote to ratify the amendment.Second: Constitutional ConventionDelegates to the convention will meet to discuss and vote on possible changes to the constitution.Voters have to vote to ratify the amendment.
11Pledge of Allegiance - GA State flag: "I pledge allegiance to the Georgia flag and to the principles for which it stands: Wisdom, Justice, and Moderation."Pledge of Allegiance - GA State flag:Approved March 28, 1935.
12The Legislative Branch Made up by the General Assembly.2 Houses – Senate and House of Representatives.236 MembersGeneral Assembly members meet for a 40 day session beginning on the second Monday in January.2 year term in office
13The Legislative Branch Responsible for making laws for the state of Georgia.Responsible for appropriating funds for the State to spend.Leadership:-- Speaker of the House(Majority party)-- President of Senate (Lt. Gov.)
14The Legislative Branch Committee System in the General AssemblyA Standing committee is a group of legislators organized by subject area that continues from session to session. Each committee is organized into two or more subcommittees to allow greater specialization of expertise.
15The Legislative Process – How a Bill Becomes a Law Bill is introducedCommittee recommends BillThe Bill Goes to the Entire House to VoteThe Bill Goes to the SenateBill Goes to the Governor
16The Executive Governor: Nathan Deal Lieutenant Governor: Casey Cagle Qualifications:US Citizen for 15 yearsGA Citizen for 6 years30 Years OldTerm In Office:4 YearsElected In:November General ElectionTakes Office In:JanuaryGovernor: Nathan DealLieutenant Governor: Casey Cagle
17Formal Powers of the Governor Managing the state’s budget.Direct the Attorney General to represent the state in legal matters.‘State of the State’ address.Prepare budget bills for the House of Reps.Commander in Chief of GA National Guard.Heading states civil defense units.
18Informal Powers of the Governor Communicating their position on key issues.Honorary head of the party that got him elected.Honor individuals, add new state symbols.Represent GA domestically and internationallyBring business to GA
19Executive BranchThere are other elected officials in the Executive Branch:State Attorney GeneralCommissioner of AgricultureCommissioner of LaborCommissioner of InsuranceSecretary of StateState School Superintendant
20The Executive Branch - Agencies Government Agency: A unit of government such as a department, board, commission or office. They are a part of the executive branch. All executive branch activities fit into seven major policy categories: Education, Human Services, Public Safety, Transportation, General Government, Economic Development, and Natural Resources.
23Supreme Court Appellate Court Appellate jurisdiction Exclusive in cases involving constitutional issues, contested elections, capital felonies, titles to land, wills, and divorces.Appellate jurisdiction in cases not reserved to the Supreme Court.
24Superior Court State Court 70 Courts General jurisdiction Trial Courts159 Courts (49 circuits)State Court70 CourtsGeneral jurisdictionExclusive in cases of felonies, divorces, titles to land. Appellate jurisdiction: over probate, magistrate, and municipal courts.Limited jurisdictionMisdemeanors, traffic offenses, and most civil cases.
25Municipal “City” Court approximately 400 Courts Magistrate Court159 CourtsMunicipal “City” Court approximately 400 CourtsLimited Jurisdiction:Criminal: pretrial proceedings, warrants, and bail.County ordinance, traffic, and bad check violations.Civil Claims under $5,000.Limited jurisdictionTraffic violations, ordinance violations, and criminal preliminaries (such as warrants).
26Local Governments – Three Types Counties Cities Special Districts
27County GovernmentA County Seat is the center of a county’s government.Canton is Cherokee County’s central seat of government.The governing body of a county is its county commission, whose members are elected by the county voters.County commissioners can pass ordinances (law about property & affairs) and resolutions (informal statement on the commission's opinion).
28Services Counties provide Fire ProtectionPolice ProtectionSewer SystemParks & Recreation FacilitiesPublic Health FacilitiesPublic Transportation
29City Government Weak Mayor Council Strong Mayor Council Council ManagerMayor recommends ordinances and appoints department heads with council approval. Council decides on policies and makes laws.Mayor has strong executive power, an administrative assistant, can veto council legislation, etc. Council has limits on their power.Mayor can preside over council meetings, but has no administrative power. Council decides on laws and policy. City Manager appointed to run admin items.
30Special Districts Hospitals Public Transportation A unit set up by the legislature or by a city or county ordinance for a special purpose.HospitalsGrady HospitalPublic TransportationMARTA – CCTIndustrial DevelopmentTo advertise to get business to come to the community.
31The Big 8 Local Government Services Public SafetyPolice, Firefighters, Inspectors, etc.Public WorksRoads, streets, water & sewer lines, storm drainagePublic UtilitiesWaterworks, sewage treatment plants, electric companiesCommunity DevelopmentDivide the community into zones. Each zone has a designated use – residential, commercial, industrial, or agricultural.Human ServicesHearing & Eye tests. Spraying for mosquitoes, and community immunizationLeisure ServicesParks & Recreation facilities.Judicial ServicesRunning all county courts and the sheriff’s departmentRecord KeepingKeeps internal records for the county. Land lots, births, death, marriages, taxes on real and personal property.
32How Does the government get money? Expenditure is the amount of money the government spends on something.Revenue is money that the government gets to pay for expenditures.
33Local Government Revenue TaxesProperty TaxesReal & Personal PropertyRevenueAlcohol tax, Hotel taxTax on InsuranceServicesPublic Safety, Public Works, Public Utilities, Community Development, Human Services, Leisure Services, Judicial Services, Record Keeping.
34County & City RevenueThe COUNTY gets the most revenue from Property Taxes.The COUNTY gets the least revenue from licenses and permits.The CITY gets the most revenue from Public Utilities.The CITY gets the least revenue from licenses and permits.
35How Does the State government get money? Other TaxesFuel TaxIncome TaxSales Tax