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Georgia State Government CRCT Prep Book CH 12

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Presentation on theme: "Georgia State Government CRCT Prep Book CH 12"— Presentation transcript:

1 Georgia State Government CRCT Prep Book CH 12
Georgia’s Constitution, Executive & Judicial Branch, County & City Government, Spending & Revenue

2 Georgia State Constitution
Georgia’s Highest Body of Laws. Georgia’s First Constitution was in 1777. Has been rewritten 10 times. Most recent 1983.

3 4 Principles of GA Constitution
Limited Government: Government has limited power Popular Sovereignty: The power of the government rests on the will of the people. Separation of Powers: Each branch of government has their own job. Checks and Balances: Each branch of government has a “check” on the other branches.

4 Separation of Powers The framers wanted to strengthen the government but prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a small group. Created 3 Branches Legislative- Makes Laws Executive- Enforces Laws Judicial- Interprets the Laws and makes judgments in legal disputes.

5 Checks and Balances One branch has the ability to prevent the other branch from becoming to powerful. Example: The executive branch can veto a bill from the legislative branch.


7 Preamble of the GA Constitution
Explains why the document was written.

8 Reasons for the Constitution
To Perpetuate the principles of free government Insure justice for all Preserve Peace Promote the interest and happiness of the citizens and of the family Transmit to posterity the enjoyment of liberty

9 Articles of the Constitution
11 Total Articles They address the different branches of government & duties of the government. Article I is the GA Bill of Rights. Article X tells how the Constitution can be changed or amended.

10 Two Ways to Change the GA Constitution
First: through proposals by the General Assembly A lawmaker must introduce the amendment. 2/3 of lawmakers must approve it. Voters have to vote to ratify the amendment. Second: Constitutional Convention Delegates to the convention will meet to discuss and vote on possible changes to the constitution. Voters have to vote to ratify the amendment.

11 Pledge of Allegiance - GA State flag:
"I pledge allegiance to the Georgia flag and to the principles for which it stands: Wisdom, Justice, and Moderation." Pledge of Allegiance - GA State flag: Approved March 28, 1935.

12 The Legislative Branch
Made up by the General Assembly. 2 Houses – Senate and House of Representatives. 236 Members General Assembly members meet for a 40 day session beginning on the second Monday in January. 2 year term in office

13 The Legislative Branch
Responsible for making laws for the state of Georgia. Responsible for appropriating funds for the State to spend. Leadership: -- Speaker of the House (Majority party) -- President of Senate (Lt. Gov.)

14 The Legislative Branch
Committee System in the General Assembly A Standing committee is a group of legislators organized by subject area that continues from session to session. Each committee is organized into two or more subcommittees to allow greater specialization of expertise.

15 The Legislative Process – How a Bill Becomes a Law
Bill is introduced Committee recommends Bill The Bill Goes to the Entire House to Vote The Bill Goes to the Senate Bill Goes to the Governor

16 The Executive Governor: Nathan Deal Lieutenant Governor: Casey Cagle
Qualifications: US Citizen for 15 years GA Citizen for 6 years 30 Years Old Term In Office: 4 Years Elected In: November General Election Takes Office In: January Governor: Nathan Deal Lieutenant Governor: Casey Cagle

17 Formal Powers of the Governor
Managing the state’s budget. Direct the Attorney General to represent the state in legal matters. ‘State of the State’ address. Prepare budget bills for the House of Reps. Commander in Chief of GA National Guard. Heading states civil defense units.

18 Informal Powers of the Governor
Communicating their position on key issues. Honorary head of the party that got him elected. Honor individuals, add new state symbols. Represent GA domestically and internationally Bring business to GA

19 Executive Branch There are other elected officials in the Executive Branch: State Attorney General Commissioner of Agriculture Commissioner of Labor Commissioner of Insurance Secretary of State State School Superintendant

20 The Executive Branch - Agencies
Government Agency: A unit of government such as a department, board, commission or office. They are a part of the executive branch. All executive branch activities fit into seven major policy categories: Education, Human Services, Public Safety, Transportation, General Government, Economic Development, and Natural Resources.

21 Judicial Branch Courts of Georgia

22 Supreme Court 7 Justices 1 Court
Court of Appeals 12 Judges Court Superior Court Courts (49 circuits) State Court Courts Juvenile Court Courts Probate Court Courts Magistrate Court Courts Municipal “City” Court- approximately 400 Courts

23 Supreme Court Appellate Court Appellate jurisdiction
Exclusive in cases involving constitutional issues, contested elections, capital felonies, titles to land, wills, and divorces. Appellate jurisdiction in cases not reserved to the Supreme Court.

24 Superior Court State Court 70 Courts General jurisdiction
Trial Courts 159 Courts (49 circuits) State Court 70 Courts General jurisdiction Exclusive in cases of felonies, divorces, titles to land. Appellate jurisdiction: over probate, magistrate, and municipal courts. Limited jurisdiction Misdemeanors, traffic offenses, and most civil cases.

25 Municipal “City” Court approximately 400 Courts
Magistrate Court 159 Courts Municipal “City” Court approximately 400 Courts Limited Jurisdiction: Criminal: pretrial proceedings, warrants, and bail. County ordinance, traffic, and bad check violations. Civil Claims under $5,000. Limited jurisdiction Traffic violations, ordinance violations, and criminal preliminaries (such as warrants).

26 Local Governments – Three Types
Counties Cities Special Districts

27 County Government A County Seat is the center of a county’s government. Canton is Cherokee County’s central seat of government. The governing body of a county is its county commission, whose members are elected by the county voters. County commissioners can pass ordinances (law about property & affairs) and resolutions (informal statement on the commission's opinion).

28 Services Counties provide
Fire Protection Police Protection Sewer System Parks & Recreation Facilities Public Health Facilities Public Transportation

29 City Government Weak Mayor Council Strong Mayor Council
Council Manager Mayor recommends ordinances and appoints department heads with council approval. Council decides on policies and makes laws. Mayor has strong executive power, an administrative assistant, can veto council legislation, etc. Council has limits on their power. Mayor can preside over council meetings, but has no administrative power. Council decides on laws and policy. City Manager appointed to run admin items.

30 Special Districts Hospitals Public Transportation
A unit set up by the legislature or by a city or county ordinance for a special purpose. Hospitals Grady Hospital Public Transportation MARTA – CCT Industrial Development To advertise to get business to come to the community.

31 The Big 8 Local Government Services
Public Safety Police, Firefighters, Inspectors, etc. Public Works Roads, streets, water & sewer lines, storm drainage Public Utilities Waterworks, sewage treatment plants, electric companies Community Development Divide the community into zones. Each zone has a designated use – residential, commercial, industrial, or agricultural. Human Services Hearing & Eye tests. Spraying for mosquitoes, and community immunization Leisure Services Parks & Recreation facilities. Judicial Services Running all county courts and the sheriff’s department Record Keeping Keeps internal records for the county. Land lots, births, death, marriages, taxes on real and personal property.

32 How Does the government get money?
Expenditure is the amount of money the government spends on something. Revenue is money that the government gets to pay for expenditures.

33 Local Government Revenue
Taxes Property Taxes Real & Personal Property Revenue Alcohol tax, Hotel tax Tax on Insurance Services Public Safety, Public Works, Public Utilities, Community Development, Human Services, Leisure Services, Judicial Services, Record Keeping.

34 County & City Revenue The COUNTY gets the most revenue from Property Taxes. The COUNTY gets the least revenue from licenses and permits. The CITY gets the most revenue from Public Utilities. The CITY gets the least revenue from licenses and permits.

35 How Does the State government get money?
Other Taxes Fuel Tax Income Tax Sales Tax

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