2Texas and U.S. Constitution 3 branches of government
3Texas Executive Branch: Carries out the laws passed by the national and state legislature Governor (Chief Executive, Commander in Chief of Texas National Guard)Lieutenant Governor (serves as governor when chief executive is out of state; serves on executive & legislative boards)Attorney general (state’s chief lawyer)Comptroller (chief tax collector)Treasurer (Authorizes payments of bills)Commissioners of land & agriculture (handles use of state lands)Secretary of state (handles election matters, publishes state laws)
5Signing or vetoing bills passed by the Legislature. Serving as commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.Convening special sessions of the Legislature for specific purposes.Delivering a report on the condition of the state to the Legislature at the beginning of each regular session.Estimating of the amounts of money required to be raised by taxation.GovernorRick Perry
6Granting reprieves and commutations of punishment and pardons upon the recommendation of the Board of Pardons and Paroles and revoking conditional pardons.Appointing qualified Texans to state offices that carry out the laws and direct the policies of state government. Some of these offices are filled by appointment only. Others are ordinarily elected by the people, but the Governor must occasionally appoint individuals to fill vacancies in those offices. The Governor also appoints Texans to a wide range of advisory bodies and task forces that assist him with specific issues.GovernorRick Perry
7Lieutenant Governor David Dewhurst The Lieutenant Governor in Texas is unique in that he is part of both the Executive and Legislative branches.The Lieutenant Governor in Texas assumes the powers and duties of the Governor when the Governor is unable to serve or is absent from the state.David Dewhurst
8Lieutenant Governor David Dewhurst The Lieutenant Governor is elected separately from the Governor, and each can be members of different political parties.The Texas Constitution names the Lieutenant Governor the Constitutional President of the Senate, but the Constitution also gives the Senate the authority to write its own rules. That's where the Lieutenant Governor derives most of his power.David Dewhurst
9U.S. Executive branch members: President (Chief Executive, Chief Diplomat, Commander in chief, Chief of state, Legislative leader)Includes the Cabinet, executive departments, and several independent agencies responsible for different areas of government.
10Texas Legislative Branch Passes and creates laws Bicameral-House of Representatives& Senate
11Texas Senate Composed of 31 Members A senator must be at least 26 years of age, a citizen of Texas five years prior to election, and a resident of the district from which elected one year prior to election.Each senator serves a four-year term and one-half of the Senate membership is elected every two years. Sessions last for 140 days.
12Texas House of Representatives The Texas House ofRepresentatives has150 membersA representative must be atleast 21 years of age, a citizenof Texas for two years prior toelection, and a resident of thedistrict from which elected oneyear prior to election.They are elected for two-year, running for re-election in even-numbered years. Sessions last for 140 days.
13Texas Legislative Senate House of Representatives Term: 4 years Age:26+21+Residency:5+ years2+ yearsSessions:Once every 2 yrs for 140 days
14U. S. Legislative Senate House of Representatives Term: 6 yrs 2 yrs Age:30+25+Residency:9+ yrs as U.S. Citizen7+ yrs as U.S. citizenSessions:At least once each yr; no time limitAt least once a yr; no time limitMembers:Each state has 2 senatorsProportional to population of each state
15Texas Judicial System Interprets the laws & resolves legal disputes (determines if a law has been broken)
16Texas Courts:Highest Courts: Supreme Court (civil & juvenile cases); Court of Criminal Appeal (criminal cases)Intermediate: Courts of AppealsState Trial Courts: District CourtCounty Trial Courts: County-Level CourtsLocal Trial Courts: Justice & Municipal Courts
17Texas Supreme Court COMPOSED OF NINE JUSTICES, all elected to staggered six-year terms Texas Supreme Court has final authority in all civil and juvenile delinquency cases in the state.
18Texas Court of Criminal appeals Texas’ highest court for criminal cases.The Court of Criminal Appeals consists of a Presiding Judge and eight Judges. They are elected by the voters of the entire state. They hold their offices for terms of six years.
19U.S. CourtsSupreme Court (highest court in branch; hears limited cases involving important questions regarding the Constitution and federal law)Trial Courts (federal cases including civil & criminal)Appellate Courts (hears appeals from district courts)
20How does each branch block actions of others??? Read each power and determine which branch it belongs to and which branch it blocks the actions of. When you have decided fill it in the correct space…
21President can veto laws passed by Congress President nominates judges to Supreme CourtPresident can pardon criminalsCongress can overturn a presidential veto with a 2/3 vote in each housePresident nominates judges to federal court system
22Congress can impeach & remove President Congress can amend the Constitution to overturn decisions of the Supreme CourtCongress can impeach judges and remove from the benchSupreme Court can use power of judicial review to rule laws unconstitutional
23Supreme Court can use power of judicial review to rule presidential actions unconstitutional Supreme Court can use judicial review to rule treaties unconstitutional
24Compare and ContrastWhat are some similarities and differences between the federal Executive Branch and the State Executive Branch?The United States Legislative branch has two chambers with a total of over 500 members. Is the Texas Legislative Branch exactly the same?Why is the Texas Judicial Branch considered to be EXTREMELY different from the federal Judicial Branch?