Presentation on theme: "Unit 5 Georgia’s Constitution"— Presentation transcript:
1Unit 5 Georgia’s Constitution Georgia Performance Standards:SS8CG1: The student will describe the role of citizens under Georgia’s Constitution.
2Georgia’s Constitution Georgia’s Constitution is a written set of guidelines for operating the state’s government.It is the highest set of laws for the state.The state has had 10 constitutions.Georgia’s Constitution outlines the following:Structure of governmentElectionsThree branches of governmentTaxesPublic EducationLocal GovernmentProcess for amending (making changes) to the Constitution
3State Motto Georgia’s motto is Wisdom, Justice, and Moderation It is located on the state flag and seal.
4Georgia State Government: Executive Branch, Legislative Branch, & Judicial Branch Georgia Performance Standards:SS8CG3: The student will analyze the role of the executive branch in Georgia state government.SS8CG2: The student will analyze the role of the legislative branch in Georgia State government.SS8CG4: The student will analyze the role of the judicial branch in Georgia state government.
5Branches of Georgia’s Government Georgia state government is divided into 3 branches: Executive, Legislative, & JudicialThis helps to ensure that one branch does not have too much power = Checks and Balances
6Executive Branch-Governor of Georgia Nathan Deal was sworn in as Georgia’s 82nd Governor on January 10, 2011.Qualifications for Governor:U.S. citizen for 5 yearsResident of Georgia for the 6 years preceding the election30 years old or olderRole = Enforces Georgia’s laws
7Lieutenant GovernorOn November 7, 2006, Casey Cagle made Georgia history by becoming the 1st Republican ever elected to the state’s 2nd highest office. He was re-elected as the 11th Lt. Governor on November 2, 2010.Qualifications for Lt . Governor are:Must be a U.S. citizen for 5 yearsLived in Georgia for six years30 years old or olderThe Lt. Governor of Georgia has no restrictions on the number of times he or she can hold the office.Role = the Lt. Governor's primary job is to serve as President of the Georgia Senate. Takes over as Governor if the Governor dies, resigns, or is impeached.
8Georgia State Executive Branch: Support Officers Dr. John BargeState Superintendent of Education: Oversees Georgia’s public educationSam OlensAttorney General: State lawyerBrian KempSecretary of State: Oversees state elections & official records
9Georgia State Executive Branch: Support Officers Ralph HudgensCommissioner of Insurance: Oversees the insurance industry in the stateTommy IrvinCommissioner ofAgriculture: Oversees farming, crop production, & agribusiness in the stateMark ButlerCommissioner of Labor: Oversees employment and Human Resources in the state
10Georgia’s Legislative Branch The General Assembly’s role is creating state laws.It was established by the Georgia Constitution of 1777.This bicameral (2-houses) legislature is divided into the House of Representatives (180+ members) & the Senate (56 members).Every 2 years, Georgians elect these members.
11Georgia’s Legislative Branch The General Assembly meets for 40 days, beginning the 2nd Monday in January.During this 40-day session, many bills (proposals for laws) are proposed. Some bills are passed into laws by a majority vote from the House of Representatives and the Senate.These laws will:Regulate people’s behaviorProvide for local governmentAllow the state to raise and spend moneyProvide state services
12Georgia’s Legislative Branch In the General Assembly, Georgia’s Lieutenant Governor presides over the Senate.The Speaker of the House of Representatives presides over the House of RepresentativesIn the event that both the Governor and Lieutenant Governor cannot fulfill their terms, the Speaker of the House of Representatives will become the Governor.If the Governor does not support a proposed bill, he or she can veto (reject it).Then, 2/3 majority vote from the House of Representatives and the Senate can override the Governor’s veto (rejection) of a bill.
14Georgia’s Judicial Branch Its role is to interpret and apply the laws that the General Assembly creates each year.State courts handle two classes of disputes:Civil: The court helps to settle disputes between two or more parties.Criminal: The state takes legal action against someone who has been arrested for committing a crime (breaking the law).
15Fourth BranchThis additional branch focuses on Georgia’s citizens and their roles.The roles of the citizens are:Voting: Must be 18 years old or olderPaying Taxes: Helps to fund & run the governmentBeing a good citizen: Obey laws & volunteer in your community