Presentation on theme: "Texas Government Part 1 (Chapter 27)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Texas Government Part 1 (Chapter 27) Essential QuestionDoes Texas Government Help Texas?
2 3 Branches of Government Legislative: makes lawsExecutive: governor and lieutenant governorJudicial: court system (judges)
3 Facts The highest ranking official in Texas is the Governor The 2nd highest ranking official in Texas is theLieutenant GovernorThe Constitution that Texas uses today is theConstitution of 1876How does the constitution stay current?Amendments
4 Facts, con’t Texas law makers meet every 2 years The law makers can only meet for daysIf something important that comes up, the governor can call a Special SessionTexas must operate on a Balanced Budget
5 Facts, con’t About 50% of Texas money comes from taxes Largest tax in Texas is the sales taxThe 2nd largest source of money in Texas comes from the US Government
6 VocabularyBalanced Budget: Texas won’t spend more than it makes in Taxes (no debt)Deficit: debt; spend more than comes inPopular Sovereignty: government ruled by the people; citizens have a right to voteFederalism: the US Government shares some powers with the states
7 Vocabulary, con’t Republicanism: people have a right to vote Checks and Balances: one branch of the government doesn’t have more power than another branchLimited Government: government cannot control people’s livesIndividual Rights: people’s rights that the government cannot take away from them
8 Texas Government Part 2 (chapter 28) Essential QuestionDoes Texas Government Help Texas?
9 VocabularyCivil Law: laws dealing with disagreements between citizens (like vandalism, not paying rent, etc)Criminal Law: laws dealing with major criminal acts (murder, rape, etc) and the punishmentRedistricting: adjusting legislative districts every 10 years after the census
10 Texas Court System Texas judges are elected by the people Texas Supreme CourtDistrict judges, lower court judges, and Justice of the PeaceLower courtsMunicipal: city or local government
11 Texas Court System, con’t Order of Texas Court System:Municipal Courts and Justices of the PeaceHandle minor cases (traffic, juvenile, misdemeanors, etc)Misdemeanor: crime that doesn’t do major harm; less severe punishmentJustice of the Peace: person who tries minor cases and performs marriages
12 Texas Courts, con’t County Courts District Courts Courts of Appeal Handle appeals by lower courtsAppeal: request to have case heard againDistrict CourtsTries Felony CasesFelony: serious crime (like murder, rape, kidnapping, etc)Courts of AppealTexas Supreme Court (most powerful court in Texas)
13 Texas County Government 254 Counties in TexasTexas divided into smaller sections to handle law enforcement, etcPrecincts: smaller part of a county to handle things like voting
14 Texas County Officials County Commissioner: sets tax rate anddecides on county budgetSheriff: top law officer in countyCounty attorney, county treasurer, county clerk, county auditorCounty Constable: county officer that helps keep peace and serves subpoenas
15 School DistrictsFormed to keep government out of education…don’t want schools to be run by state, city, and county governmentMore than 1050 school districts in TXSchools are run by a School BoardElected Trustees: person responsible for schoolsJobs: hire/fire teachers, set school tax rate, work with state on funding, etc
16 City GovernmentsWhen community wants to become a city, they can apply to be incorporatedIncorporated: form into a legal bodyWhat cities do:Offer services: police, sewer, medical, water, etcEncourage development (new businesses, etc)Offer special services: library, parks,etcMake zoning laws:Zoning: deciding what can be built where
17 Types of City Government Home Rule Cities: over 5000 peopleSelf governGeneral Law Cities: under 5000 peopleObey laws set by state
18 City Government, con’t Types of City Governments Mayor Council Citizens elect mayor and city councilCity council has most power; not mayorMost cities in Texas use thisCouncil-ManagerCommission
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