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Presented by Nor Laili Fatmawati and Aminulloh PASCASARJANA UNESA 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "Presented by Nor Laili Fatmawati and Aminulloh PASCASARJANA UNESA 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presented by Nor Laili Fatmawati and Aminulloh PASCASARJANA UNESA 2010

2 What is it for? Analyzing a work of literature = Giving value

3 Literary Genres: - Poetry - Drama - Prose Prose Genres: - Short story - Novel - Novellete Prose

4 Tips Reading and understanding the text. Choosing a part of the prose that will be the focus of analysis. Deciding the appropriate approach that will be used. Looking for the theory. 4 1 2 3

5 Tips Applying the theory on the prose. Writing the report of analysis 5 6 The order of the 1 st – 4 th can be changed

6 First step: Reading and understanding “The Orphaned Swimming Pool” by John Updike. SYNOPSIS

7 Second step: Having focus New Criticism approach = intrinsic elements of the short story

8 Third step: choosing theory Russian Formalism

9 Forth step: applying the theory rhyme that affects the meaning verbal irony affective fallacy situational irony intentional fallacy dramatic irony ambiguity paradox Contents Form “the well-wrought urn”

10 situational irony tittle 1st 2nd “The Orphaned Swimming Pool” It was a young pool, only two years old, of the fragile type fashioned by laying a plastic liner within a carefully carved hole in the ground. … There is the piano no one wants, the cocker spaniel no one can take care of. Shelves of books suddenly stand revealed as burdensomely dated and unlikely to be reread; indeed, it is difficult to remember who read them in the first place. And what of those old skis in the attic? Or the doll house waiting to be repaired in the basement? The piano goes out of tune, the dog goes mad…” The attitude of Ted’s neighbors and other visitors of Ted’s swimming pool 2 nd & 4 th

11 dramatic irony 6 th The two lovers had been trapped inside the house all day; Ted was fearful of the legal consequences of their being seen by anyone who might write and tell Linda… For long thereafter, though in the end he did not marry the woman, he remembered that day when they lived together like fugitives in a cave, feeding on love and ice water, tiptoeing barefoot to the depleted cupboards, which they, arriving late last night, had hoped to stock in the morning, not foreseeing the onslaught of interlopers that would pin them in.

12 intentional fallacy The narrator stresses the order of the time along the plot such as by telling “The next May” in third paragraph, “Some June weekend” in the forth paragraph, “July” in the fifth, and “August” in sixth and seventh, and “September” before the end of the short story How short the time and how many changes were happened in that short period during the divorce process of Ted and Linda May June July August September

13 Feeding on love ambiguities 6 th 7th The blue plastic beneath the colorless water tried to make a cheerful, otherworldly statement, but Linda saw that the pool in truth had no bottom, it held bottomless loss, it was one huge blue tear. Thank God no one had drowned in it. Except her

14 Writing the report Theoretical Criticism Practical / Applied Criticism Judicial Criticism Impressionistic Criticism Mimetic Criticism Pragmatic Criticism Expressive Criticism Textual Criticism

15 L/O/G/O Thank You!

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