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Annotating Literature A Guide to Active Reading. Definition of Annotation (n) A critical or explanatory note or body of notes added to a text. (n) There.

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Presentation on theme: "Annotating Literature A Guide to Active Reading. Definition of Annotation (n) A critical or explanatory note or body of notes added to a text. (n) There."— Presentation transcript:

1 Annotating Literature A Guide to Active Reading

2 Definition of Annotation (n) A critical or explanatory note or body of notes added to a text. (n) There is not a wrong way to annotate. There is not a right way to annotate. There is not a wrong way to annotate. There is not a right way to annotate. There are more effective and less effective ways to write critical or explanatory notes in a text. There are more effective and less effective ways to write critical or explanatory notes in a text.

3 When do I annotate? When the text is difficult When the text is difficult When you are reading for something specific When you are reading for something specific When you will use the information for another purpose When you will use the information for another purpose When you’d like to comprehend the text more effectively When you’d like to comprehend the text more effectively When you have a difficult time staying focused and engaged in the reading When you have a difficult time staying focused and engaged in the reading

4 Why do I annotate? It improves comprehension It improves comprehension Students must process information in order to put information into their own words. Students must process information in order to put information into their own words. It improves retention It improves retention Annotation requires students to think about information. The notes created serve as a reminder of that information and the reader’s reactions. Annotation requires students to think about information. The notes created serve as a reminder of that information and the reader’s reactions. It improves efficiency It improves efficiency Annotation keeps students’ attention toward the task and provides a structure for studying or reading independently. Annotation keeps students’ attention toward the task and provides a structure for studying or reading independently.

5 BEFORE YOU READ… To help you make appropriate annotations….PREVIEW THE TEXT What do you think the title has to do with the text? What do you think the title has to do with the text? Who is the author? Who is the author? What time period was the piece written in? What time period was the piece written in? How is the text structured? How is the text structured? Are you given any visuals? Are you given any visuals? Is the text non-fiction or fiction Is the text non-fiction or fiction

6 NEXT… CONSIDER YOUR PURPOSE Why are you reading and how will you use the text? Why are you reading and how will you use the text? Do you need a basic understanding? Do you need a basic understanding? Are you looking just for the main ideas? Are you looking just for the main ideas? Do you need detailed comprehension of the book? Do you need detailed comprehension of the book? Will you need a complete analysis? Will you need a complete analysis?

7 ANNOTATING OBJECTIVES… To identify the author’s most important points. To identify the author’s most important points. To recognize how they fit together. To recognize how they fit together. To note how you respond to them. To note how you respond to them.

8 WHEN YOU ANNOTATE… Underline and highlight passages. Underline and highlight passages. Make written notes in the margins of texts to identify the most important ideas, the main examples or details, and the things that trigger your own reactions – Make note of your reactions. Make written notes in the margins of texts to identify the most important ideas, the main examples or details, and the things that trigger your own reactions – Make note of your reactions. Devise a notation system. Devise a notation system. Use post-it notes to help organize thoughts if using a school novel. Reference on the post-it note what you’re referencing to (plot, character, symbols, connection to era…) Use post-it notes to help organize thoughts if using a school novel. Reference on the post-it note what you’re referencing to (plot, character, symbols, connection to era…)

9 Let’s Review! What is annotation? What is annotation? When do I annotate? When do I annotate? Why do I annotate? Why do I annotate? What might I annotate for? What might I annotate for? Depends on your purpose! Depends on your purpose! How do I annotate? How do I annotate? Let’s practice! Let’s practice!

10 Annotating a Non-Fiction article (biography about Salinger) Consider overall structure. How does the writer present the argument and prove it? Think about the writer’s argument and tone and how these are achieved. Analyze the diction and syntax used to express point of view. Look at sentence structure. Consider the writer’s purpose: to explain, to persuade, to describe, to entertain, to editorialize, etc and how he or she achieves this. Define any unknown terms. Be aware of and record your personal reactions and questions.

11 “WHAT WILL I BE REQUIRED TO ANNOTATE IN The Catcher in the Rye?

12 Character Information Introduction and analysis of character (what is this person like?) Introduction and analysis of character (what is this person like?) Changes in attitudes or beliefs of character throughout novel Changes in attitudes or beliefs of character throughout novel Actions of the character that help explain who he is Actions of the character that help explain who he is Events that have shaped the character and his personality Events that have shaped the character and his personality Anything else that strikes your attention Anything else that strikes your attention Reactions you have to what is being said and done in the novel (judgment of character and his actions/thoughts) Reactions you have to what is being said and done in the novel (judgment of character and his actions/thoughts)

13 Literary Devices Symbols (colors, settings) Symbols (colors, settings) Irony (situational, verbal, dramatic) Irony (situational, verbal, dramatic) Conflict and resolution Conflict and resolution Theme—life lesson learned Theme—life lesson learned Anything else that stands out as important Anything else that stands out as important

14 At the end of each chapter… Summarize what you have read for yourself Summarize what you have read for yourself 2-3 sentences stating the main points of the chapter 2-3 sentences stating the main points of the chapter What do you think you should remember? What do you think you should remember?

15 KEEP IN MIND… The more precise your marks are and the more focused your notes and reactions, the easier it will be to draw material from the text into your own writing. The more precise your marks are and the more focused your notes and reactions, the easier it will be to draw material from the text into your own writing.

16 SO, BE SELECTIVE… The unfortunate tendency is to underline (or highlight) too much of a text. DON’T DO THIS! A good reader will mark sparingly, keeping the focus on the truly important elements of a writer’s ideas and his or her own reactions. If you are using another system, notes or post-its, you may/may not have a post-it for every page The unfortunate tendency is to underline (or highlight) too much of a text. DON’T DO THIS! A good reader will mark sparingly, keeping the focus on the truly important elements of a writer’s ideas and his or her own reactions. If you are using another system, notes or post-its, you may/may not have a post-it for every page

17 MOST IMPORTANTLY… Don’t let this scare you! Don’t let this scare you! Everything you say is useful! Everything you say is useful!

18 Let’s try it out….


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