2 sail ing sailing chart ed charted Each of these words begin with a root word. They are verbs.The endings are added to the words to tell about an action that is ongoing -ing or to tell about the past -ed.
3 sail ing sailing The base word sail is a verb. Adding the ending (-ing) causes the word to tell about an action that is ongoing.The ending -ing always forms its own syllable when it is attached to a root word (not in words such as sing and ring where it is part of the root word).
4 chart ed charted The base word chart is a verb. Adding the ending (-ed) causes the word to tell about a past action.The ending (-ed) may or may not form its own syllable. Remember, in order for it to be a syllable it must have a vowel sound.
5 Examples: greet fear This word has one syllable. greeting fearing Adding –ing makes it have two syllables. So, -ing is its own syllable.greetedfearedAdding –ed makes it have two syllables. You can hear the short vowel /e/ in ed in this syllable.Adding –ed doesn’t change the number of syllables in this word. So, -ed is not its own syllable.If you are unsure of whether a word ending in –ed has an added syllable or not, try pronouncing it both ways to see which one sounds correct.
6 Try these.Sort these into groups according to the number of syllables they have.(Go in order left to right, top row first.)
17 Look in the story, “Nellie Bly: America’s Star Reporter Look in the story, “Nellie Bly: America’s Star Reporter.” Find five more words with the –ed or –ing ending. List the words, pronounce them, and sort them by the number of syllables.