Presentation on theme: "Inflections –ed & -ing Structural Analysis:. sail ing sailing chart ed charted Each of these words begin with a root word. They are verbs. The endings."— Presentation transcript:
Inflections –ed & -ing Structural Analysis:
sail ing sailing chart ed charted Each of these words begin with a root word. They are verbs. The endings are added to the words to tell about an action that is ongoing -ing or to tell about the past -ed.
sail ing sailing The base word sail is a verb. Adding the ending (-ing) causes the word to tell about an action that is ongoing. The ending -ing always forms its own syllable when it is attached to a root word (not in words such as sing and ring where it is part of the root word).
chart ed charted The base word chart is a verb. Adding the ending (-ed) causes the word to tell about a past action. The ending (-ed) may or may not form its own syllable. Remember, in order for it to be a syllable it must have a vowel sound.
Examples: greetfear This word has one syllable. greetingfearing Adding –ing makes it have two syllables. So, -ing is its own syllable. greetedfeared Adding –ed makes it have two syllables. You can hear the short vowel /e/ in ed in this syllable. Adding –ed doesn’t change the number of syllables in this word. So, -ed is not its own syllable. If you are unsure of whether a word ending in –ed has an added syllable or not, try pronouncing it both ways to see which one sounds correct.
Sort these into groups according to the number of syllables they have. (Go in order left to right, top row first.) Try these.