Main points What is Phonics? Why should we teach phonics in primary schools? How can we teach letter sounds in class?
What is phonics? Phonics is a method of teaching students to read, write and pronounce words by learning the letter sounds; blending the sounds and syllables.
What should we teach to our students? Step 1 letter sounds 42 letter sounds in English. 43 letter sounds are listed on the sound sheet, but “c” and “k” are the same letter sounds.
Step 2 Alternative Spellings of Vowels Once the children have learnt the 42 letter sounds, they need to be made aware of the different ways that some of the vowels can be written.
Step 3 Tricky Words (Irregular Words) For example come give live your said here there have are
Step 4 Syllables in words Help children to identify the syllables in words.
Some rules which can help children spell words: 1. A short word with a short vowels, ending with a “c” sound, is written with a “ck”, e.g. black, neck, tick, tock, lock, duck”. 2. A short word with a short vowel, ending in “f, l, s or z, needs a double ending, e.g. cliff, spill, miss, buzz, etc. 3. If the suffix “ing, ed, er” or “y” is added to a word with short vowels, there have to be at least two consonants before the suffix is added. runningbending shoppinglanding chopped jumped thinnerolder funny handy
Why should we teach students phonics in primary schools? English is a system of sounds. Phonics helps students read. Phonics helps students write. For reading and writing the students need to be fluent at saying the sounds that go with the letters. Phonics is easier for students to learn. (When compared with Phonetics).
How can we teach letter sounds in our classrooms? Suggested steps; students: 1. Hear 2. See 3. Read (sound) 4. Write 5. To read (words) 6. To blend 7. To spell
Teaching letter sounds 1.Tell a story; students hear the sound first. 2.Show a flash card; students can see it. 3.Ask students to do an action and read the sound. 4.Show them how to write the letter sound. 5.Put the letter sound in words; ask students to read. Ask students to find more words with the sound. 6.Challenge students with some new words. 7.Ask students to listen and write some words. ※