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1. Some preliminaries 2. Global state of affairs 3. Post-2015 Agenda.

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Presentation on theme: "1. Some preliminaries 2. Global state of affairs 3. Post-2015 Agenda."— Presentation transcript:

1 1. Some preliminaries 2. Global state of affairs 3. Post-2015 Agenda

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3 1. Poverty & hunger 2. Primary education 3. Gender equality 4. Child mortality 5. Maternal health 6. HIV/Aids, malaria & TB 7. Environment 8. Global partnership

4 1. Poverty & hunger -50% 2. Primary education full 3. Gender equality full 4. Child mortality -66% 5. Maternal health -75% 6. HIV/Aids, malaria & TB 7. Environment -50% 8. Global partnership

5 Global U5MR Global NER

6 1.MDGs are collective targets, based on global trends of 1970s & 1980s 2.They are hardest to achieve for countries with low initial HD 3.They represent ends, not means. Good servants, bad masters

7 Global state of affairs

8 All developing countries

9 Global MDG scorecard (as of 2010)

10 Sub-Saharan Africa -7 (-11) +23 (+10) +9 (+10) -5.3 (-3.5) +3 (+10) +19 (+13)

11 “We seek to confirm, not to question, our ideas” “African poverty and stagnation is the greatest tragedy of our time.” Blair Commission for Africa, 2005 Don't Believe Everything You Think The 6 Basic Mistakes We Make in Thinking Thomas Kida, 2006

12 “They use statistics as drunken men use lamp posts – for support rather than for illumination.” “The world has met some important targets–ahead of the deadline.” UN, 2012 Andrew Lang Scottish poet

13 MDG 8: Global Partnership 1. Debt relief 2. ODA 3. Trade policy & patent laws Passing grade Retake exam

14 Official development assistance

15 MDG 8: Global Partnership 1. Debt relief 2. ODA 3. Trade policy & patent laws Passing grade Retake exam Failing grade

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17 MDG 8: Global Partnership 1. Debt relief 2. ODA 3. Trade policy & patent laws Passing grade Retake exam Failing grade

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19 Progress has continued L But it is slowing down L Much of it bypasses the poor; inequalities Storyline since 1990 Is it inequality, stupid?

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21 Inequality in OECD countries Gini coefficients for late 1980s to late 2000s Up: 17 countries Same: 3 countries Down: 2 countries

22 High inequalities have a price – slower growth, more instability, less efficiency. They hurt everyone, also those at top. The way the economic pie is cut has a bearing on its size. What matters is not only how affluent a country is but also how equal it is.  There is such thing as ‘too much inequality’.

23 Adam Smith/Karl Marx What did philosophers say about inequality?

24 Does the free market corrode moral character? 1.Categorical ‘No’ Rick Santorum – No. Qinglian He – No. Jadish Bagwati – To the contrary. Ayaan Hirsi Ali – Not at all. 2.Nuanced ‘No’ Tyler Cowen – No, on balance. Michael Novak – No! And, well, yes. Garry Kasparov – Yes, but… Bernard-Henri Levy – Certainly. Or does it?

25 3.‘It depends’ John Gray – It depends. John Bogle – It all depends. 4.‘Yes’ Kay Hymowitz – Yes, too often. Michael Walzer – Of course it does. Robert Reich – We’d better not know.

26 “ To feel for others and little for ourselves, to restrain our selfishness and exercise our benevolent affections, constitute the perfection of human nature. ” Adam Smith

27 Adam Smith/Karl Marx John Rawls/Ayn Rand What did philosophers say about inequality?

28 MDG s = M inding D evelopment G aps

29 Post-2015 Agenda

30 ¾ see the MDGs as a ‘good thing’ nearly 90% want a similar agenda post-2015 CAFOD survey, 104 people from civil society organisations in 26 countries

31 UNECA survey, 112 representatives from government, civil society and academia in 32 African countries. “Overwhelming majority agrees: MDGs are important priorities for our countries They should feature in the post-2015 agenda.”

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33 Why had the MDGs such staying power? 1.Clear 2.Concise 3.Measurable

34 Potential pitfalls 1.Overload 2.Prescription 3.Donorship

35 How to select new targets? 1.Does it concern an end or a means? 2.Is concept clear? 3.Can it be objectively measured?

36 Points for discussion 1.Universality 2.Sustainability 3.Inequality 4.Human rights 5.Global vs. national targets

37 “A designer knows he has reached perfection, not when there is nothing left to add, but when there is nothing left to take away.” Antoine de Saint-Exupéry


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