Presentation on theme: "The Millennium Development Goals and Human Development Sakiko Fukuda-Parr Director Human Development Report Office UNDP International symposium, Tokyo."— Presentation transcript:
The Millennium Development Goals and Human Development Sakiko Fukuda-Parr Director Human Development Report Office UNDP International symposium, Tokyo 9 October, 2002
The millennium goals are human development goals Progress is too slow What it will take –Nationally: Democratic governance –Internationally: Partnership of rich countries An overview
The millennium goals: an overview 1.Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger (1.2 billion have less than $1 a day, 800 million are hungry) 2.Achieve universal primary education (113 million children are not in school) 3.Promote gender equality and empower women (60% of children not in school are girls, women have on average only 14% of seats in parliaments) 4.Reduce child mortality (every day 30,000 children die of preventable causes.) 5.Improve maternal health (In Africa, a woman has 1 chance in 13 of dying in childbirth) 6.Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases (40 million are living with HIV/AIDS, 75% of them in Africa) 7.Ensure environmental sustainability (1.1 billion people do not have access to clean water, over 2 billion to sanitation) 8.Develop a global partnership for development (ODA declined from 53 to 51 billion from 1990 to 2001) What are MDGs
The millennium goals: an overview. By 2015: 1.Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger a.Halve the proportion living on less than $1 a day b.Halve the proportion suffering from hunger 2.Achieve universal primary education a.Ensure universal primary education 3.Promote gender equality and empower women a. Eliminate gender disparities in education.
What are MDGs The millennium goals: an overview 4.Reduce child mortality a.Reduce infant and under-five mortality by 2/3 5.Improve maternal health a.Reduce maternal mortality by ¾ 6.Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases a.Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS b.Halt and begin to reverse the spread of malaria and other major diseases
What are MDGs The millennium goals: an overview 7.Ensure environmental sustainability a.Integrate the principles of sustainable development and begin to reverse the loss of environmental resources b.Halve the proportion without access to safe drinking water c.Improve the lives of at least 100million slum dwellers (by 2020)
What are MDGs The millennium goals: an overview 8. Develop a global partnership for development a.Develop further an open, rule based predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system b.Include the commitment to good governance, development and poverty reduction both nationally and internationally
What are MDGs The millennium goals: an overview 8. Develop a global partnership for development c.Address the special needs of the least developed countries, including tariff and quota free access for LDC exports. Enhanced programme of debt relief for HIPCs and cancellation of official bi-lateral debt and generous ODA for countries committed to poverty reduction. d.Address the special needs of landlocked countries and small island developing states.
What are MDGs The millennium goals: an overview 8. Develop a global partnership for development e.Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries, through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long-term f.In co-operation with developing countries develop and implement strategies for decent and productive work for youth.
What are MDGs The millennium goals: an overview 8. Develop a global partnership for development g.In co-operation with pharmaceutical companies provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries. h.In co-operation with the private sector – make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications.
MDGs are human development goals Human development is about widening choices people have in life, to lead a life to its full potential and in dignity. At the core of this process is expanding capabilities: 1.To be knowledgeable 2.To be healthy and survive 3.To enjoy a decent standard of living 4.To enjoy political and civil liberties, and participate in the life of a community.
MDGs are HD goals - a tool of mobilisation and framework of accountability The MDGs represent an unprecedented political consensus on time bound quantified indicators. MDGs are: Not a new model of development, but A tool of political mobilization A framework of accountability for national governments, international donors, and many other actors that have a role in development – local NGOs, international NGOs, womens groups, trade unions, private businesses, the media, the judiciary…….global citizens
MDGs are HD goals – a historical perspective on setting goals Setting goals is the easy part…. The bad, –DAC commits to 0.7% GDP in 1970; average disbursements in 2000 was 0.22% –Health for all by 2000 set in 1978 the good, –UNICEFs immunization goals and the possible? –The MDGs have mobilized more political momentum than any goals before
Progress is too slow: globally
HDR2002: MDG analysis – overall (119 countries) Progress is too slow: for many countries
HDR2002: MDG analysis – goal by goal Failing to grow out of income poverty Progress is too slow – goal by goal
Progress is too slow: which countries are failing
The less developed fairing worse Progress is too slow: which countries are failing?
Conflict and performance in the MDGS Progress is too slow: which countries are failing?
What it will take - nationally Public policy that responds to the needs of ordinary people, especially the poor. That happens when: Decision makers are accountable to people Ordinary people have a say in decision making - with one person one voice Governance is not just efficient but fair and protects human rights, when governance is democratic.
What it will take – nationally deepening democracy Deepening democracy requires: Spread of democratic institutions Spread of democratic politics
What it will take: Deepening democracy
Deepening democracy Direct role – to be able to participate and effect the decisions that effect your life is an integral part of human development Indirect role – participating in the political process can lead to improvements in other aspects of human development
What it will take: partnership with rich countries Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development –Aid –Debt –Trade –Technology
What it will take: partnership with rich countries
Aid from donor countries
What it will take: partnership with rich countries Aid to recipient countries
What it will take: partnership with rich countries Tariff protection imposed by high-income countries
What it will take: partnership with rich countries Subsidizing agriculture
What it will take: partnership with rich countries
For more: see Human Development Report 2002: Deepening Democracy in a Fragmented World And wait for: Human Development Report 2003: The Political Economy of Achieving the MDGs Publication forthcoming in September 2003 Thank you